What is Yantra (यन्त्र) ? The Sanskrit Word


What is Yantra (यन्त्र)  ? The Sanskrit Word
  • Yantra (यन्त्र) is the Sanskrit word for “instrument” or “machine”. Much like the word “instrument” itself, it can stand for symbols.Yantra function as revelatory conduits of cosmic truths. Yantra, as instrument and spiritual technology,it is prototypical and esoteric concept mapping machines or conceptual looms. Certain yantra are he……ld to embody the energetic signatures of, for example, the Universe, consciousness, ishta-devata. Mantras, the Sanskrit syllables inscribed on yantras, are essentially “thought forms” representing divinities or cosmic powers, which exert their influence by means of sound-vibrations.

    Symbols employed in yantrasShapes and patterns commonly employed in yantra include squares, triangles, circles and floral patterns but may also include more complex and detailed symbols, for instance:

    The lotus flower typically represent chakras, with each petal representing a psychic propensity (or vritti) associated with that chakra
    A dot, or bindu, represents the starting point of creation or the infinite, unexpressed cosmos
    The şaţkoņa (Sanskrit name for a symbol identical to the star of David) composed of a balance between:
    An upwards triangle denoting action (or service), extroversion, masculinity or Shiva
    A downwards triangle denoting introversion, meditativeness, goddess energy or Shakti

    Geometric element meanings:

    Circle = Energy of the element water
    Square = Energy of the element earth
    Triangle = Energy of the element fire
    Diagonal lines = Energy of the element air
    Horizontal line = Energy of the element water
    Vertical line = Energy of the element fire
    Point = Energy of the element ether

    As an astrological deviceYantra may be used to represent the astronomical position of the planets over a given date and time. It is considered auspicious in Hindu{Sanatan Dharm} mythology. These yantras are made up on various objects i.e. Paper, Precious stones, Metal Plates and alloys. It is believed that constantly concentrating on the representation helps to build fortunes, as planets have their peculiar gravity which governs basic emotions and karma. These yantras are often made on a particular date and time according to procedures defined in the vedas.

    This one above is Shri Yantra

     

Hindu are eliminated Pakistan.


Guys,

Interesting, This is the article from Pakistani newspaper. Read it carefully… Now we have only 40 temples across the Pakistan. The media in our country still talks about the 2002 Gujarat Riots. SHAME……
The forgotten prayers of a people

DAWN.COM
January 5, 2011 (4 weeks ago)
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A Hindu woman arranges earthern lamps near to Hindu Goddesses to celebrate ‘Diwali’ the festival of lights, at her home in Lahore, Pakistan on Saturday, Oct. 17, 2009. Hindus living in Pakistan are celebrating Diwali where people decorate their homes with light. – AP Photo

KARACHI: The legend is almost as old as the Indus River, Lord Shiva and his consort Sati, daughter of King Dakhsha, were vexed by Sati’s father for not inviting them for a ceremony. Sati went to the ceremony uninvited and in return was ignored. She was hurt by the behavior that she sacrificed herself in the fires and was burnt alive. Upon hearing the fate of his love, Lord Shiva went mad and began chaos on earth.
In order to help Lord Shiva deal with his grief, Lord Vishnu cut Sati’s body in 12 pieces and scattered them across the earth where her head fell upon Hingol. Wherever the pieces of Sati’s body fell became Shakti Peethas, holy places of cosmic power, for all gods and worshippers.
Hingol is not a legend – as a matter of fact – today it is known as Hingol National Park and lies almost 170 km outside of Karachi in Balochistan. Sati’s head fell by Hinglaj Matajee Temple located inside a natural cave of a hill which is a holy pilgrimage site for the 2.5 million Hindus in Pakistan, although many feel the numbers have doubled in the last decade, and more than 90 per cent of them live in the Sindh province.
Hindus are the third religious group, after Muslim and Christians, and Hinduism is considered the indigenous religion of the sub-continent by local and international historians, which is not far from the truth.
There are over 40 Hindu temples across Pakistan, and in Sindh alone there are almost 30 temples in Karachi and interior Sindh.
Many Hindu families are indigenous to the land and some claim to have been for centuries. Over the centuries, empire after empire, some families facing persecution converted to Islam but others have remained Hindus.
“The Hindu community is not protected here,” said Dr. Raj Motwani, a general physician who sits as the Vice President for Shree Ratneshwar Mahadev Welfare Shewa Mandly, a committee for the Hindu community in Karachi. “I remember that Lee Market, Bolton Market, Nagam Colony, and Food Street belonged to Hindu families that lived there for decades before Pakistan’s existence.”
“We never left this land – people migrated here,” he said. “We are still here – fighting for what we deserve as humans.”
During the 1947 partition, almost 15 million Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims left Pakistan for India and vice versa but some families stayed behind because they considered the land in Pakistan their home. More than half a million people died during the migration.
“Everyone knows the truth, but we cannot speak it out loud,” he said. “The minute that we speak up – we are automatically accused of being part of an enemy intelligence agency and we can get questioned without any legal support.”
Most Hindus families come from lower class backgrounds and those that live in rural areas like interior Sindh are forced into bonded labour by influential landlords. In the past few years, kidnappings have increased among the Hindus, for ransom and women, who are kidnapped and then convert to Islam, have been reported but with no real legal repercussions from the local government.
“The Hindu community is not protected here,” repeated Dr. Motwani. “The converting is explainable; once a girl is kidnapped the men have their way with her and she knows that she won’t be accepted back into her community so she converts and becomes a servant- girl for the men or the family that kidnapped her – tragic but the culture in interior Sindh is traditional, especially when it comes to women.”
The constitution clearly states that religious minorities have many rights and freedom however in the political system Hindus, Christians and Sikhs are still treated as second-class citizens.
After General Pervez Musharraf took power, he wanted to remove the separate electorate system put in place by the former dictator General Ziaul-Haq.
The separate electorate system limited non-Muslims to only vote for candidates from their own religion – the government had a reserved number of seats for minorities in the provincial and national assemblies.
General Musharraf and many others felt that it limited Muslim candidates from reaching out to minority groups to solve the major problem in their communities. He was thwarted in his efforts and many minorities felt that the removal of the policy would not have made a difference in their communities.
“I have friends of all faiths in Pakistan – friendships made up of decades,” mentioned Dr. Motwani. “But that is not the problem – the system is the problem; a small example, the Hindu Gymkhana has finally been given back to us after so many years spent in court yet the management is Muslim and we still do not have a safe place to congregate and celebrate our holidays. Who do I go to for help? a MPA or an MNA – not possible.”
Since the recent attack on the Shah Ghazi Shrine, the security at mandirs across Karachi has tightened but it has not stopped Hindu worshippers from making their offerings to their gods and goddesses who wait patiently for their prayers of better days ahead.

Sanskrit Speaking Village !!


Karnataka

Image via Wikipedia

Sanskrit Speaking Village !!
Sun, 09/20/2009 – 14:39 — sanjeev851
Sanskrit as an everyday spoken language in the village of Mattur near Shimoga in Karnataka (about 300 Km from Bangalore City)
and 3 other villages in India !!

http://www.organiser.org/dynamic/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pi…

Sanskrit can become the language of the masses in rural areas
 By Shreesh Deopujari

“……One more medium of imbibing virtues like sense of duty, integrity, devotion, faith, etc. is Sanskrit language. By speaking consistently in devvani (God’s language) the so-called downtrodden or the depressed class of the society also feels elevated. They not only feel confident but also develop samskars, which is the very base of any developmental activity. Therefore, Sanskrit Sambhashan is one of the prominent aspects of rural development, the work being undertaken by swayamsevaks across the country. There are a number of villages in the country where all daily activities of life are conducted only in Sanskrit. The prominent villages in this group are Muttoor and Hosahalli in Karnataka and Jhiri and Mohad in Madhya Pradesh where Sanskrit has truly become language of the masses. More than 95 per cent the people of Muttoor and hundred per cent people in Jhiri speak Sanskrit.

Muttoor (Karnataka)
 Apart from Muttoor, Hosahalli and Jhiri; Mohad and Baghuwar in Madhya Pradesh and Ganoda under Banswara district of Rajasthan are also the villages where Sanskrit is spoken by majority of the villagers. Not only for asking well-being of each other but even while ploughing the fields, talking on telephone, purchasing goods from the grocer’s shop, getting the hair cut at barber’s shop, preparing food in kitchen, etc. people freely speak Sanskrit. The containers having spices and other things in the kitchen too contain the names in Sanskrit. Nobody in these villages thinks what will happen by learning Sanskrit. Whether it will help in getting a job or not. It is our language and we have to learn it is the only feeling amongst them.

Muttoor, the village of about 2,000 inhabitants, is located about 8 km south of Shimoga. The Tunga river flows gently on one side of the village. Its fame as the Sanskrit Gram has spread far and wide. Sanskrit is the spoken language of over 95 per cent of the people here. Soft and dulcet, a conversation sounds like a Vedic recital. Though it is a journey, which began about 500 years ago, Sanskrit has been modified as per the modern needs here by Samskrit Bharati. As one enters the village he is greeted with ” bhavatha nam kim? (What is your name?), “coffee va chaayam kim ichchhathi bhavan? (What will you have, coffee or tea?). The pronunciation of “Hari Om” instead of ‘hello’ and “katham asti” instead of ‘how are you?’ are common here.

Everybody-men, women, children, literate or illiterate-freely speaks Sanskrit. Even the Muslim families speak Sanskrit without hesitation and as comfortably as is spoken by the Hindus. Their children are found in the streets reciting Sanskrit shlokas. Even while fighting and playing cricket in the grounds children freely speak Sanskrit. When one walks down a few places from the school where one touches the ratha veethi (car street) and graffiti on the walls what grabs the attention is: “Maarge swachchataya virajate, grame sujanaha virajante” (Cleanliness is as important for a road as good people are for the village). Other slogans like ‘keep the temple premises clean’, ‘keep the river clean’ and ‘trees are the nation’s wealth’ are also written in Sanskrit and painted on walls reflecting ancient values. There are families who have written on their doors-‘You can speak in Sanskrit in this house.’ This is basically to tell the visitors that in case they are fluent in the language they can talk to them in Sanskrit.

Study of the language here begins from Montessori level, where kids are taught rhymes and told stories in Sanskrit-even Chandamama and comics printed in Sanskrit are available here. While the language is a compulsory subject in schools, teachers and even students talk to each other in it. Muttoor is not a cloistered hermitage shy of the outside world. Many of its youngsters have moved to cities in search of greener pastures in pursuit of higher education. Some are teaching Sanskrit in universities across the State and more than 150 youngmen and women are in the field of IT as software engineers. Many foreign students also visit the village to learn Sanskrit and stay with them in true guru-shishya tradition.

For more than 25 years now the village has been in the forefront of a movement to keep spoken Sanskrit alive. In the local Sharada Vilasa High School, Sanskrit is compulsory till class VIII to X. So, the present generation too has learnt to speak it. Mothers teach children Sanskrit at home.

The credit for this silent revolution surfacing the country to popularising Sanskrit goes to Samskrit Bharati. Thousands of its activists are burning the midnight oil to move forward this movement.

It is not necessary for a person to be literate for learning Sanskrit. Undoubtedly, a literate person can pick up the language easily, but an illiterate person too can learn it. There are thousands of people who were earlier fully illiterate but now speak fluently in Sanskrit. One such example was seen in Baoli village under Baghpat district of Uttar Pradesh where a 50-year-old Shri Jaiprakash speaks fluent Sanskrit. Shri Jaiprakash has never been to school but he learnt Sanskrit only in four camps of Samskrit Bharati organised in Delhi, Haridwar, Meerut and Baraut. Now he teaches Sanskrit to his fellow villagers. All his family members too speak Sanskrit.

Jhiri, Mohad and Baghuwar (Madhya Pradesh)
 Jhiri comes under Rajgarh district of Madhya Pradesh. Total population of the village is 976 and all the people including small children, women, elder people, school-going children, literate and illiterate speak fluently in Sanskrit. Samskrit Bharati had started conducting Samskrit Sambhashan camps in the village in 2002 through an activist Vimla Tewari. She had come here only for one year. But in that one year she developed so much interest of the villagers to the divine language that everybody in the village turned to learn Sanskrit. Now all the villagers love Vimla as their own daughter. Former RSS Sarsanghachalak Shri KS Sudarshan visited this village. He was so much impressed with the command of the villagers over Sanskrit that he, while touring the village, touched the feet of elderly women at four places and sought their blessings. The morning of the people in this village begins with Namo Namah and ends with the greetings of Shubhratri.Anyone who visits this village is thrilled seeing all people speaking fluently in the God’s language.

The village Panchayat takes special steps to popularise Sanskrit in Mohad. Even Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Muslim families speak Sanskrit without hesitation. Similar picture can be seen in Baghuwar village, which is near Mohad. In Jhiri, the farmers while ploughing their field even order their oxen in Sanskrit and the oxen too follow those instructions.

Due to the Sanskrit language caste, discrimination between the so-called lower and upper castes has reduced. Those who speak the language can hold his head high in the society. The oneness of the society leads to the development of the village. Jayatu Sanskritam.

(The writer is Akhil Bharatiya Prakalp Pramukh of Samskrit Bharati.) “

Hare Krishna !!

‹ Wi-Fi connectivity in VrindavanSankirtana devotee is facing death penalty in CIS ›
Related: General
Wed, 04/14/2010 – 08:37 — burak__
Hi, I wish you all good day,

Hi,
I wish you all good day, this site is really nice I would always follow this site. Help me a lot of time
 data would be obtained from this site, or hope to. But I want you to know that this site is really good Thanks a lot for the kind of perfect topic about this topic. It’s good to buy an essay about this good topic. Nice article, very helpful e okul. Thanks

Sun, 01/10/2010 – 13:13 — vinaykapp
 hare krishna

am vinay Krishna
 and i really reallly wanted to visit those villages taking my friends along with me and would like to talk to the villagers in their language which ofcourse is my second language in my 12th standard.
just love to see them and would greatly appreciate their will and love upon their mother tongue…
thanks a ton to this page designers

Sun, 09/20/2009 – 19:17 — NityānandaChandra
WOW I want to go there.

WOW I want to go there. Stay there for a few months, imagine how much that would help in learning.

Sun, 01/10/2010 – 13:18 — vinaykapp
let me join u in being there

please let me join u in being there…

Sun, 09/20/2009 – 20:29 — sanjeev851
EXACTLY !!

I too felt the same.. !!
 Im just dying to go there and experience the language being spoken.. and feel as though im 5000 yrs behind at the time when Krishna was on earth !!
 Guess what ?.. This village – Mattur , is just abt 200-300 from my place (Bangalore ) .
 I dont know when i will visit this place..

Knowing sanskrit brings us closer to the vedic litrature .
I wish the language spreads outside this village .

According to me , Sanskrit isnt just a language .. Its something like Mathematics .. Its highly scientific and Systematic..
 In fact the meaning of the word sanskrit is “Systematic” , “Perfect” , “Cultured” ..

I was going through a PDF file with sanskrit lessons, i was amazed to see how systematic it is !!
No doubt its God’s Language (Dev Vani)

If just the language Sanskrit can be so systematic, what abt Bhagavad Gita and other vedic literature? .

Sad to see that Sanskrit isnt given enough importance here.. That is because people do not know its importance here..

Hare Krishna !!

Why is Dubai sinking into the sea? Could it be payback from a GOD !


Why is Dubai sinking into the sea? Could it be payback from a higher authority?
The islands, off the coast of Dubai, were intended to be developed with tailor-made hotel complexes and luxury villas, and sold to millionaires. But the World, the ambitiously-constructed archipelago of islands shaped like the countries of the globe, is sinking back into the sea.

UK TELEGRAPH –(H/T Rod) -Â “The islands are gradually falling back into the sea,” Richard Wilmot-Smith QC, for Penguin Marine, said. The evidence showed “erosion and deterioration of The World islands”, he added.

With all but one of the islands still uninhabited – Greenland – and that one a showpiece owned by the ruler of Dubai, most of the development plans have been brought to a crashing halt by the financial crisis.

Nakheel, the developer, was part of Dubai World, the state-owned conglomerate that had to be bailed out of debts put at around $25 billion at the end of 2009. The Dubai World Tribunal was set up to hear cases arising out of the restructuring and separation of the companies involved.

The low-lying islands represent a vague shape out to sea when viewed from Dubai’s beaches, but are visible by satellite or from the top of the city’s Burg Khalifa, the world’s tallest building, which opened to the public last year.

According to the company, 70 per cent of the World’s 300 islands have been sold. Nakheel is also behind Dubai’s famous Palm-shaped offshore developments. Villas in the only one near completion, Palm Jumeirah, were given to or bought by footballers including David Beckham and Michael Owen.

Many investors who did buy the islands proved unwilling or unable to finance further work when Dubai’s property prices halved in the space of a year.

Penguin claim that work on the islands has “effectively stopped”. Mr Wilmot-Smith described the project as “dead”. Graham Lovett, for Nakheel, said the project was not dead but admitted it was “in a coma”.

“This is a ten-year project which has slowed down,” he said. “This is a project which will be completed.” He said Penguin would make money eventually. “That’s the price Penguin makes to stay in the game,” he said. “They have the potential to earn millions.”
Perhaps God is punishing the Dubai Muslim ‘royalty’ for using slaves, Muslim and otherwise, to build these monuments to decadence and opulent self-indulgence?

Dubai miracle based on slave labor

HILLBUZZ – The fact that Muslims have always held and abused slaves, now and throughout history is undisputed. Everything that’s been built in Dubai in its massive construction boom was created on the backs of slaves…men mostly, but including female sex workers as well, who were duped into coming to Dubai from India, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Asian countries with promises of jobs and large financial incentives to leave their homes and lives behind and work in the Dubai construction industry.

When these people arrived in Dubai, their passports were taken from them, they were stuffed into metal cargo crates that sleep 20 men to a container, rationed just enough food and water to keep them alive, and then enslaved as the brute muscle behind the fanciful Muslim building projects.

Everything in Dubai was built with slaves, and everything in Dubai is now falling apart because more likely than not the slaves sabotaged these building projects as they were going up.

Wouldn’t you have done that? Just think about it.

You are forced to sleep in metal shipping crates with dozens of fellow slaves, exposed to the burning heat of
day and the freezing cold of night, never paid any wages for your work, while your Muslim masters hang onto your passport and stand guard outside the barbed wire perimeter keeping you enslaved against your will. Wouldn’t you dream of loosening bolts, mixing bad cement, and doing whatever you could every day, in small ways, to ensure the Muslim building projects collapsed under the weight of Islam’s own hubris?

Islam is not an inventor or perfecter of anything.  It is a corruptor, and a user.  Islam was designed to be a conquest engine that militaristically and savagely sweeps into a territory, exploits its people and resources, and maintains control through the rote memorization and implementation of the Koran…itself a sadistic playbook for the conquest and subjugation of others.

Muslims do not create beautiful, fanciful projects out of thin air that rise high into the sky with longterm stability…instead, they just buy architectural plans for massive, dreamlike fancies and then follow the Koran’s lead in creating the nightmarish working conditions that enslave others to build these Muslim whims.

All of this evil is catching up with Dubai…which is literally falling apart at the seams.

 

Burma (Myanmar) (BrahmDesh ) A Hindu Empire.


BY ; Jyoti Prakash Mitra

Hinduism in Burma (Myanmar)

 Burma was known as Indra-Dvipa. Hindu settlements began to be established in Burma before the first century A.D

Horace Hayman Wilson who used to be professor of Sanskrit at Oxford University, says:

 “The civilizations of the Burmese and the Tibetans is derived from India.”

(source: Hindu Superiority – By Har Bilas Sarda  p. 180). 

 It is contended that this relationship can be traced back to the time of the Buddha. Hindu settlements were set up in Arakan, Tagaung, Srikshetra, Thaton and Pegu at a very early period. Literary and archaeological evidence shows that the entire culture and civilization of Burma was borrowed from India and not from China.

Ptolemy, the geographer, tells us that in the 2nd century A.D. many places in Burma had Sanskrit names. Indian religions flourished in Burma. Many religious structures having the images of Indian gods and goddesses have also been found from Burma. 

Burmese history had been buried for a century or more as part of “Farther India.”

 The Burmese who are most Hinduised are the Mons. Some of their places have Pali names. The Mon kingdom in the 6th century A.D. was known as Dvaravati. The rulers of this kingdom had mostly Indian names. The Mon settlements of the Hindus were known as Ramanna-desa.

 (Note: Considered the national epic of Myanmar, the Yama Zatdaw, an adaptation of Ramayana, has been influenced greatly by Thai, Mon, and Indian versions of the play. The Burmese name for the story itself is Yamayana, while zatdaw refers to the acted play).

 The Yama Zatdaw was introduced by oral tradition during King Anawratha’s reign. It was influenced greatly by Ayutthaya Kingdom, during which various Konbaung Dynasty kings invaded the kingdom.

 The invasions often brought back spoils of war, including elements of Ramakien (Thai version of Ramayana) into the epic. The characters of Yama Zatdaw share the same features and characteristics as those in the original story. However, in acting, the costumes are a mixture of Bamar and Thaielements.

The names of the characters, in general, are Burmese transliterations of the Sanskrit names. Rama is known as Yama;Sita is known as Thida; Ravana is known as Dat-thigiri).

Ramayana and Mahabharata the two ancient Sanskrit epics of India exerted a profound impact upon the cultures of South East Asia and have played no small role in the Indianisation of the major portion of that region.

Out of ASEAN TEN at least seven nations Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Brunei and Indonesia have received the influence of Hindu culture since the early days of Indian colonisation. 

(source: Ramayana in Myanmar).  Refer to Rama or Ramchandra.

The Pali literature of Burma on law is based on the Dharamsastras of Manu, Narada and Yajnavalkya. The art of Burma was also influenced by the Indian art.  

 In Burma, the finest temple is the Ananda at Pagan. It occupies the center of a spacious courtyard which is 564 ft square. There is no doubt of its derivation from Indian type. Temples of the same type existed in Bengal and most probably suggested the model of the Ananda temple

Charles Duroiselle, pioneer of Burmese Studies in France, who composed the Epigraphia Birmanica, says on the Ananda temple: 

” There can be no doubt that the architects who planned and built the Ananda temple were Indians.

Everything in this temple from Sikhara to the basement as well as the numerous stone sculptures found in its corridors and the terra-cotta…adoring its basement and terraces, bear the indubitable stamp of Indian genius and craftsmanship…In this sense, we may take it, therefore, that the Ananda, though built in the Burmese capital, is an Indian temple.”

(source: Ancient India – By R. C. Majumdar p. 497).

 Michael Symes author of An Account of an Embassy to the Kingdom of Ava in the Year 1795 p. 326 says: “The Burmans, we are told, call their Code generally, Dharmasath or Shastra; it is one among the many commentaries of Manu. Mr. Syme speaks in glowing terms of the Code.”

(source: Hindu Superiority – By Har Bilas Sarda p. 180-181).

 The names of its rivers are Sanskrit names – Irrawati, Brahmaputra and Chindwin. Her head of state is also known as Adipadi, which is the Sanskrit Adhaipati, referring to the chief executive. 

Indian-Hindu influences must certainly have been the strongest if not the earliest influence upon that countryside. The Sarabha Gate, still standing, is commonly associated with 9th century King Pyinbya.

It is the frontispiece to what will become Pagan a century and half later. It is Hindu in design and structure. This great out reach of Indian-Hindu style is also evident in some 9th century ruins surrounding Angkor Wat. This Hindu push through India, Burma, Thailand, Indochina and Indonesia must have been an extraordinary one, certainly equal to the Graeco-Roman thrust on the Mediterranean cultures.

 It left behind an indelible imprint upon the civilizations of those two peninsulas of Asia stretching deep into the Indian Ocean. The mark of its art, architecture, and its religion are still to be found in these Buddhist and Moslem countries.

***

A paltry 2 per cent of the Burmese population amounting to 240,000 accounts for Hindus that too happen to be Burmese Indians. But Hinduism held a major sway over Burmese history and thereupon its literature. 

Yama Zatdaw is Burmese rendition of the Ramayana. The dominant ethnic group, Bamar living mostly in countryside follow Nat worship which has several adaptations of Hindu Gods and Goddesses. The Burmese God Thagyamin, King of the Nats rides a three-headed elephant is identified with Indra, the king of Hindu Gods. Burmese Buddhists are devout of Thuyathadi, counterpart of Goddess Saraswati.

 As the Goddess of knowledge, She is avidly worshipped by students before examinations. Some other Gods are as well worshipped by Burmese Buddhists.

Burmese language as such contains plethora of loanwords from Sanskrit and Pali, many being connected with religion. In Burmese culture several Hindu traditions are still perceived especially on the Burmese New Year festival, Thingyan and also during weddings.

 Hinduism along with Buddhism greatly influenced the royal courts of Burmese monarchs including their formal royal titles. The coronation ceremonies were also Hindu in origin. The architecture seen at places like Pagan reflect profound Hindu influence.

 (source: Hinduism throbbing high in South East Asia (Part II of III) – By Ratnadeep Banerji).

 

Nan Paya temple at Myinkaba, Near Pagan, Burma

ગુનાઇત બેદરકારી એટલે અયોધ્યા સમસ્યા


ગુનાઇત બેદરકારી એટલે અયોધ્યા સમસ્યા

 શિરીષ દવે

નહેરુવીયનોને અયોધ્યા ચૂકાદાની જરુર છે ખરી?
  
શું વાત છે? અને શું સમસ્યા છે અને વાસ્તવમાં શું છૂપાવાય છે?
 
વાત કંઈક આવી છે:
ટીમ્બા ઉપર એક મસ્જીદ હતી.
તે જમીનની માલિકી ઉપર બે દાવેદાર થયા.
ઝગડો કોર્ટમાં ગયો.
તે પછી અમુક લોકોએ તે મસ્જીદને તોડી પાડી.
તે પછી ધમાલ થઈ,
સરકારે તે જમીનનો કબજો લીધો,
સરકારે ખોદકામ કરાવ્યું.
 
અવશેષો મળ્યા
ખોદકામ કરવાથી તેની નીચે જુનું બાંધકામ એટલે કે ત્યાં અમુક પૂરાતત્વ અવશેષો મળ્યા.
આ અવશેષો પૂરાતત્વવેત્તાઓએ ચકાસ્યા હશે તેવું આપણે માનીએ,
 
હવે જો મસ્જીદ પોતે ૫૦૦ વર્ષ જુની હોય તો તેની નીચેના અવશેષો ૫૦૦ વર્ષથી વધુ જુના હોય જ.
 
પૂરાતત્વ અવશેષો અને તે જગ્યાની માલિકી કોની હોઈ શકે?
 
આ અવશેષો ક્યાં સુધી ફેલાએલા હોઈ શકે?
 
તમે મસ્જીદનો ફોટો જુઓ. મસ્જીદ એક મોટા ટીંબા ઉપર છે. તેટલું જ નહીં, ટીબાની આસપાસની જમીન પણ એક વિશાળ ઊંચાણવાળી જગ્યા ઉપર છે.
 
આ બધી જ જગ્યા જો ખોદવામાં આવે તો અતિ વિશાળ પ્રાચીન બાંધકામના અવશેષો મળી શકે છે.
 
પ્રાચીન અવશેષો વિષે વિચારવાની અને મેળવવાની જવાબદારી કોની છે?
 
અલબત્ત આ જવાબદારી સરકારની જ છે.
 
જો આ ઐતિહાસિક અન્વેષણની જવાબદારી સરકારની હોય તો સરકારે તે જમીન નો કબજો લઈ જ લેવો જોઇએ. અને તેનું પૂરાતત્વ વિભાગે સંપૂર્ણરીતે અને વિસ્તૃત ખોદકામ કરવું જોઇએ.
 
મહત્વનું શું છે?
 
ભારતીય ઇતિહાસ અને ભારતીય અવશેષો મહત્વના છે કે જમીનની માલીકી?
 
વાસ્તવમાં ન્યાયની અદાલતે આમાં માલિકી વિષે નિર્ણય લેવાની જરુર જ નથી.
 
ન્યાયાલયે આદેશ આપવાની જરુર છે. આદેશ આપ્યા વગર આ કોંગી સરકાર જે નીંભર છે તે પોતાની ફરજ બજાવવામાં માનતી જ નથી. આવા કોંગી કલ્ચરના બેસુમાર દ્રષ્ટાંતો છે.
 
પૂરાતત્વના અવશેષો જ્યાં ક્યાંય પણ હોઇ શકે તેની તપાસ કરવાની અને જ્યાં ક્યાંય પણ હોય તે જગ્યાઓને ખોદવાની અને તે અવશેષો ખૂલ્લા કરવાની કે મેળવવાની, પ્રદર્ષિત કરવાની અને સાચવવાની જવાબદારી સરકારની છે.
 
કહેવાતી બાબરી મસ્જીદની નીચે અવશેષો નોકળ્યા છે તે પૂરાતત્વના અવશેષો જ હોઈ શકે તેમાં શંકાને સ્થાન નથી. ત્યાં રહેલા જુના સ્ટ્રક્ચરને વધુ ખોદીને ખુલ્લું કરવું જોઇએ. લોકહિત અને સંસ્કૃતિની ઓળખ માટે આ જરુરી છે.
 
સરકાર પાર્ટી કેમ ન બની?
 
કોંગી સરકાર શામાટે મૌન સેવે છે તેના કારણોની જનતાને ખબર નથી. કોંગી દરેક વાતમાં વૉટ બેંકના પરિપેક્ષ્યમાં વિચારે છે અને તેથી દેશને પારાવાર આર્થિક સામાજીક અને સાંસ્કૃતિક નુકશાન થાય છે અને થયું છે.દેશમાં કોમી એકતા જોખમાય છે.
કોંગીએ દેશના હિતમાં વિચારવું જોઇએ.
 
અયોધ્યાનો કબજો સંપૂર્ણરીતે સરકારે લઈ લેવો જોઇએ. અયોધ્યામાં અનેક ટીંબાઓ છે અને તેની નીચે પૂરાતત્વના અવશેષો હોવાની પારવિનાની શક્યતાઓ છે. આ વાતને અવગણી ન શકાય. પૂરાતત્વના અવશેષોને ઢાંકવા એ  ઐતિહાસિક સત્યને ઢાંકવા બરાબર છે.
 
૩૦ફુટ બાય ૪૦ ફુટ ની જગ્યાને ખોદવાથી પૂર્ણ વિરામ આવી ગયું છે એમ જો સરકાર માનતી હોય તો તે એક જુઠાણું અને છેતરપીન્ડી છે.
 
આખા ટીંબાને દૂર સુદૂર સુધી ખોદી નાખવો જોઇએ. આમાં કોઇને વાંધો હોઈ ન શકે. મસ્જિદ તો તૂટી જ ગઈ છે. અને નીચે હિન્દુ સ્ટ્રક્ચર નીકળ્યું છે. એથી મસ્જીદ તે જ જગ્યાએ બાંધવાનો પ્રશ્ન ઉભો થતો નથી.
 
પૂરાતત્વખાતું વધુ ખોદકામ કરે તેમાં હિન્દુ સંસ્કૃતિના ગૌરવશાળી હિન્દુઓ વાંધો ઉઠાવી ન જ શકે. જે હિન્દુઓ વાંધો ઉઠાવશે તેઓ બદનામ થશે.
 
ભારતમાં ઠેર ઠેર ટીંબાઓ અને પ્રાચીન અવશેષો ફેલાએલા છે. કોંગી સરકારોઓ તેમાં ગુન્હાહિત બેદરકારીઓ પ્રદર્ષિત કરી છે. અયોધ્યાનો પ્રશ્ન સંશોધનાત્મક રીતે વધુ ઉત્ખનન કરી હલ કરવો એ એક સુલભ્ય અવસર છે.
 
નહેરુવીયનોને વિખવાદ પ્રિય છેઃ
 
પણ તમે લખી રાખો, કોંગી ને દેશના ગૌરવ કરતાં સત્તા, સંપત્તિ અને વિખવાદ જ પ્રિય છે.
 
તેને મન દેશ જાય ચુલામાં.
 
કોંગી કલ્ચર એટલે ગુનાઇત બેદરકારી
 
૧૯૪૮માં પાવાગઢના પર્વતની ઉપર આવેલા દુધીયા તળાવના કિનારે રસ્તાની જમણી બાજુએ એક પ્રાચીન અને કોતરણી વાળી મૂર્તિઓ (માતૃકાઓ, યક્ષો, કિન્નરો વિગેરે) અને કોતરણી વાળી સુશોભનો વાળી દિવાલ સહિતના અવશેષો વાળું મંદીર હતું.  ૧૯૫૮ સુધી તે ઠીક ઠીક અસ્તિત્વ ધરાવતું હતું. ૧૯૯૨ સુધીમાં આખા મંદીરના બધા જ અવશેષો ચોરાઈ ગયા. ત્યાં મદિરનું નામો નિશાન નથી. ઓટલાના કોતરીવાળા પત્થરો પણ ચોરાઈ ગયા છે. જે અવશેષો જમીનની ઉપર હતા તેની જ જાળવણી નકરી તે સરકારી ડીપાર્ટમેન્ટ ઉત્ખનન તો કરે જ ક્યાંથી? ભારતીય સંસ્કૃતિની વાત કરવી એ પણ ભગવાકરણી ગુન્હો છે.
 

મંદિરના ઘંટ અને શંખ / BELL & COUNCH


SOME TIMES BY ; SANTOSH BHATT

હિંદુ ધર્મમા મંદિરોની બહાર ઘંટ અથવા ઘડિયાલ પુરાતન કાળથી લગાવવામા આવે છે. એવી માન્યતા છે કે જે મંદિરમા ઘંટ અથવા ઘડિયાલ વાગવાનો અવાજ નિયમિત આવે છે, તેને જાગ્રુત દેવ મંદિર કહે છે. ઉલ્લેખનીય છે કે સવાર-સાંજ મંદિરોમાં જ્યારે પૂજા આરતી કરવામા આવે છે તો ઘંટ અથવા ઘડિયાલ પણ વગાડવામા આવે છે. આને અલગ તાલ અને ગતિથી વગાડવામા આવે છે.

એવુ માનવામા આવે છે કે ઘંટ વગાડવાથી મંદિરમા પ્રાણ પ્રતિષ્ઠિત મુર્તિના દેવતા પણ ચૈતન્ય થઈ જાય છે, જેનાથી તેની પૂજા પ્રભાવશાળી તથા તરત જ ફળ આપવાવાળી થાય છે. સ્કંદ પુરાણો પ્રમાણે મંદિરમા ઘંટ વગાડવાથી માણસના સો જન્મોના પાપ નષ્ટ થઈ જાય છે. જ્યારે સંસારનિ પ્રારંભ થયો ત્યારે જે (નાદ) અવાજ હતો, ઘંટ અથવા ઘડિયાલની ધ્વનિથી એવો જ નાદ નીકળે છે. આજ નાદ ઓમકારના ઉચ્ચારણથી પણ જાગ્રુત થાય છે.

ઘંટને કાળનું પ્રતિક માનવામા આવે છે. ધર્મ શાસ્ત્રીઓ પ્રમાણે જ્યારે પ્રલય કાળ આવશે ત્યારે પણ આવા જ પ્રકારનો નાદ પ્રગટ થશે. મંદિરમા ઘંટ અથવા ઘડિયાલ લગાવવાનો વૈજ્ઞાનિક કારણ પણ છે. જ્યારે ઘંટ વગાડવામા આવે છે તેનાથી વાતાવતણમા કંપન ઉત્પન્ન થાય છે જે વાયુમંડળને કારણે ઘણો દુર સુધી જાય છે. આ કંપનની સીમામા આવવાવાળા જીવાણુ, વિષાણુ વગેરે સુક્ષ્મ જીવ નષ્ટ થઈ જાય છે તથા મંદિરનું તથા તેની આસપાસનું વાતાવરણ શુદ્ધ બનેલુ રહે છે.

મંદિરના ઘંટ અને શંખની ધ્વનિમાં પણ આવું જ વૈજ્ઞાનિક રહસ્ય છે.

મંદિરોમાં લગાવવામાં આવેલા મોટા-મોટા ઘંટ અને પૂજા વખતે વગાડવામાં આવતો શંખ માત્ર એક પરંપરાને લીધે કરવામાં આવતી ક્રિયા જ નથી. તેની પાછળ સ્વાસ્થ્ય અને પ્રકૃતિ સાથે જોડાયેલી મહત્વપૂર્ણ બાબતો સંકળાયેલી છે. ભારતીય સનાતન પરંપરામાં જે કોઇ પણ પરંપરા કે પદ્ધતિઓ નક્કી કરવામાં આવી છે, તે વૈજ્ઞાનિક તથ્યોને ધ્યાનમાં રાખીને નક્કી કરાઇ છે.

મંદિરના ઘંટ અને શંખની ધ્વનિમાં પણ આવું જ વૈજ્ઞાનિક રહસ્ય છે. શંખની ધ્વનિ શરીર અને વાતાવરણ બંનેને પ્રભાવિત કરે છે. શંખ વગાડવા માટે શરીરનું બહુ જોર લગાવવું પડે છે. જેના લીધે શરીર માટેની કસરત થઇ જાય છે. તેની સાથે શંખમાંથી નીકળતા અવાજનો એક વિશેષ પ્રભાવ હોય છે જે વાતાવરણમાં ફેલાયેલા અતિસૂક્ષ્મ બેક્ટેરિયા કે જે શરીર માટે હાનિકારક હોય છે તેને મારે છે. આ જ પ્રકારે ઘંટનો અવાજ પણ વાતાવરણ શુદ્ધ કરે છે.

ગુંબજનું નિર્માણ ધ્વનિના સિદ્ધાંતને ધ્યાનમાં રાખીને કરવામાં આવે છે. ગુંબજના કારણે મંદિરમાં કરવામાં આવતા મંત્રોચ્ચારના સ્વર અને અન્ય ધ્વનિ ગુંજે છે જે ઊર્જાનું નિર્માણ કરે છે. જ્યારે આપણે મંદિરની મૂર્તિને સ્પર્શ કરીએ છીએ કે તેના દર્શન કરીએ છીએ ત્યારે તે ઊર્જા આપણા શરીરમાં પ્રવેશે છે. જેના દ્વારા આપણી અંદર શક્તિનો સંચાર થાય છે. મંદિરમાં ગુંજતા ઢોલ, નગારા, શંખ વગેરેનો અવાજ રોગાણુઓનો નાશ કરે છે. આ રીતે મંદિરની નજીકથી પસાર થતા લોકોને પણ અનાયાસે લાભ થાય છે.

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