Idiotic Hindu Historians..What a tragedy


SOME TIMES BY ; SANTOSH BHATT

A country that forgets it’s history is destined to repeat the same mistakes of history. Sadly Indian history is being rewritten by the same hindus whose ancestors were raped and looted by the same scum bag moslems and these scum bags are being written in glorifying terms by the idiotic hindu historians.What a tragedy the country has to go through.

 No tragedy is worse than forgetting history and we have not even known the true history of our country.We are being ruled by scum bags and we are slogging it for scum bags and we are writing the Hindus are as a rule spineless. cowardly and miserly people. They have no self respect.

They have no knowledge of their own scriptures. Thousands of years of foreign rule has wiped out all traces of greatness and bravery from these people.

The hindus who are there now have no connection to the hindus of the yore. these are all inferiority quality humanbeings who happen to be in india. The secularism nonsense has emasculated the hindus.

Do I see a hope? Yes provided the idotic hindus read the scriptures of other religions and compare it to their own, to even comprehend what treasure has been left behind.

Read Qrand, bible and Holy Shreemad Bhagavad Geeta and decide,  you would want to follow which book. olden era or scum bag rule. Frustrating to say the least.

I did my schooling in India and I don’t remember any history book highlighting the atrocities of the mughals. Infact, the mughal period is shown as a golden period of art and civilization in India.

Thanks to the internet and the ability of researchers to bring out the facts and reach out to everyone, this knowledge is no longer something that the leftist /Marxists like Romila Thapar can prevent from spreading.

Muslims steadfast deny such atrocities even take place and they never take active measures to oppose these goings on.

Muslims are guilty of nothing when it comes to dealing with non-Muslims under Islam.

Indians and everybody else is going to need to grow a spine and understand that there can be no peace between Muslims who want to bring darkness and ignorance to the world and non-Muslims who are fighting to survive.

India’s first education minister @ the federal level was a Muslim who had Arabic heritage.

India’s first prime minister was brought up on British education and was conditioned to regard Indic history as inferior to the Mughals.

Aligarh Muslim University was very worried that any truth about Muslim invasion and rule would cause a massive anti-muslim backlash.

Leftists always hated religion but they had no balls to pick on Islam. So they picked on Hinduism as they were sure that in the aftermath of Gandhi’s assassination, Hindus would be easy pickings.

These leftists were given prominent roles in Jawaharlal Nehru University (which produces anti-Indians by dozens) and National council for educational research and training (NCERT) which writes text books.

Net Net……Hindus will never come to know about these atrocities and Muslims will always be told that Islamic rule was the most benign on Hindus.

Nadir Shah of Iran invaded India in 1738–39. After committing great massacre and devastation, he captured a large number of slaves and drove them away along with a huge plunder. Ahmad Shah Abdali from Afghanistan invaded India thrice in the mid-eighteenth century. In his victory in the Third Battle of Panipat (1761), some 22,000 women and children of the slain Maratha soldiers were driven away as slaves.

 As already cited, the last independent Muslim ruler, Tipu Sultan, had enslaved some 7,000 people in Travancore. They were driven away and forcibly converted to Islam.

Enslavement of the infidels in India went on as long as Muslims were ruling with authority.

The consolidation of power by the British mercenaries in the nineteenth century eventually ended enslavement in India. Even during the Partition (1947), Muslims kidnapped tens of thousands of Hindu and Sikh women and married them to Muslims: a form of age-old enslavement (discussed already).

 In November 1947, as already noted, Muslim Pathan raiders carried away Hindu and Sikh girls from Kashmir and sold in the markets of Jhelum (in Pakistan).

These are accounts of enslavement by Muslim invaders and rulers mainly in Northern India. Enslavement was going on in earnest in far-off provinces across India, including Gujarat, Malwa, Jaunpur, Khandesh, Bengal, Mewad and the Deccan, which were either under the control of Delhi or were independent Muslim sultanates.

The records of enslavement in those regions were not always recorded systematically.

Muslim Appeaser Politicians Turning India into an Islamic State


Muslim appeaser politicians turning India into an Islamic State.

6/20/2011

Muslim appeaser politicians turning India into an Islamic State, Part 2

By FFI Contributing Editor Dr Radhasyam Brahmachari

Muslim appeasement by the UPA government:

In the previous article, it has been mentioned how the present United Progressive Alliance (UPA) coalition government in Delhi, under the leadership of Indian National Congress (INC) party is appeasing the Muslims of India with unfair, undemocratic, non-secular and even illegal privileges and concessions to Muslims and thus turning India into a de facto Islamic State. In fact, Muslims in India, despite being the minority, enjoy elevated status and much more privileges, generally offered by a typical Islamic government in a so called Islamic state.

The reader may gauge the extent of Muslim appeasement by the UPA government from the statement of its PM Manmohan Singh. He has said that the Muslims are the first to claim the produce of India. What is the basis of such a stupid comment? Does the Muslim contribute maximum share of India’s GDP? How aggressively the Congress is wooing the Muslim community nationally is evident from the a recent comment by another leader Digvijay Singh, who, while referring to the killing of Osama bin Laden, reverentially said “Osamaji” and bemoaned why the terrorist leader was not given a proper burial.

To please the Muslims further, the said UPA government has drafted a bill called “Prevention of Communal and Targeted Violence (Access to Justice and Reparation) Bill, 2011” and is intending to place the same in the Parliament in the coming Monsoon Session. If the bill gets approval of the Parliament and becomes a law, the Muslims will be supreme lords of the country while majority Hindus will be dragged into slaves of the Muslims.

It is needless to say that the UPA government is going to do this with an eye on vote-bank politics. It has been mentioned in the previous article that the Muslims cast their votes, not according to his/her personal choice but, according to the dictates of their religious and community leaders. Therefore, all Muslim votes go for a single party. When the quantum of Muslim votes becomes significant, or a deciding factor for winning or losing election, political parties start wooing Muslims for their votes by offering them unfair, and even illegal, concessions. The frantic competition that ensues among the political parties to win election and stay in power makes the politicians blind and take any sinister attempt, even at the cost of national interest, to win the Muslim block votes.  The reader may recall that the UPA government came to power for the second time in 2009, with the help of the Muslim votes and the present Communal Violence Bill is reward for their support.

The drafting of the Communal Violence Bill:

The draft of the so called Prevention of Communal and Targeted Violence (Access to Justice and Repatriation) Bill, 2011, has been prepared by the National Advisory Council (NAC), headed by Sonia Gandhi, the president of INC. It has been agreed by the NAC at its meeting on July 14th, 2010, the NAC Working Group on the Communal Violence Bill, has set up an Advisory Group and a Drafting Committee to develop a draft bill on communal and sectarian violence. The  draft a bill should aim to provide effective prevention and control of communal and sectarian violence, and justice and comprehensive reparations to survivors and victims of communal and sectarian violence. This would be ensured on the basis of certain essential elements accepted by people’s groups, civil society groups and the NAC, including the key principle of accountability of public officials. While framing the draft, the relevant provisions, including rules, for relief, compensation, rehabilitation, resettlement, restitution, and reparations, keeping in mind the rights of internally displaced persons.

The following are the members of the Advisory Group Members Communal & Sectarian Violence Bill, 2010 Advisory
Group
 (1) Abusaleh Shariff, (2) Asgar Ali Engineer, (3) Gagan Sethi, (4) H.S Phoolka, (5) John Dayal, (6) Justice Hosbet Suresh, (7) Kamal Faruqui, (8) Manzoor Alam, (9) Maulana Niaz Farooqui, (10) Ram Puniyani, (11) Rooprekha Verma, (12) Samar Singh, (13) Saumya Uma, (14) Shabnam Hashmi, (15) Sister Mary Scaria, (16) Sukhdeo Thorat, (17) Syed Shahabuddin, (18) Uma Chakravarty, (19) Upendra Baxi, (20) Aruna Roy, NAC Working Group Member, (21) Professor Jadhav, NAC Working Group Member and (22) Anu Aga, NAC Working Group Member
 The Joint Conveners of the Advisory Group are (1) Farah Naqvi, Convener, NAC Working Group and (2) Harsh Mander, Member, NAC Working Group

The members of the Drafting Committee are (1) Gopal Subramanium, (2) Maja Daruwala, (3) Najmi Waziri, (4) P.I. Jose, (5) Prasad Sirivella, (6) Teesta Setalvad, (7) Usha Ramanathan (upto 20 Feb 2011) and (8) Vrinda Grover (upto 20 Feb 2011).

The conveners of Drafting Committee are (1) Farah Naqvi, Convener, NAC Working Group and (2) Harsh Mander, Member, NAC Working Group

The key Guiding Principles laid down before the drafting committee are
(1) Broaden title and applicability of the law to include ‘communal & sectarian violence’,
(2) Shift from empowering the State, to seeking action & accountability of State/public officials,
(3) Basic framework of law must not rest on declaration of “disturbed areas”,
(4) Need for an independent National Authority to ensure effective compliance with the law, without disturbing the federal structure,
(5) Ensure accountability & criminal liability of public officials for acts of omission & commission, for preventing or controlling communal & sectarian violence, or extending timely and adequate rescue, relief and rehabilitation,
(6) Incorporate the doctrines of Command & Superior responsibility,
(7) Definition of communal & sectarian violence to cover both isolated incidents as well as mass crimes, against people based on religious, caste, linguistic, regional and other identities,
(8) Need to specifically define and include new crimes/offences including sexual assault, enforced disappearances, torture, long-lasting social & economic boycott, and genocide, among others,
 (9) Need to remove prior sanction requirement for Hate Speech (Sec. 153A & 153B – IPC),
(10) Statutory obligation on government to lay down national standards for the entire spectrum of provisions for victims – including rescue, relief, compensation, rehabilitation, resettlement, restitution, reparation and recognizing the rights of internally displaced persons,
(11) Implementation according to the norms in point 10 to be a statutory obligation under this law,
(12) Compensation amounts to be specified in terms of national norms under the law, and revised every 3 yrs and
 (13) Need for amendments in CrPC and Indian Evidence Act to meet extraordinary circumstance of communal & sectarian violence to protect victims’ rights. In addition to that,
(14) specific provisions for victim-witness rights to be made under this law

The list of people as given above for guiding, monitoring and preparing the draft of the Communal Violence Bill 2011, one finds that all of them are loyal to the Nehru-Gandhi family. Many of them operate several NGOs and it is well known that an NGO is very efficient instrument to siphon public money. In addition to that, these committees were formed without any approval of the Parliament. So, while commenting on the formation of the committee, Sam Rajappa, in his article  Communal Violence Bill  says, “The very fact that Parliament was bypassed and the undemocratic National Advisory Council, acting as a supra Parliament, was entrusted the task of drafting the most sensitive legislation, makes the UPA government a suspect. Harsh Mander and Farah Naqvi, conveners of the advisory group to prepare the draft Bill, are known for bashing Narendra Modi, Chief Minister of Gujarat, and do not enjoy the confidence of the public” (The Statesman, June 4, 2011)..

“The NAC is a conglomeration of NGO members handpicked by Sonia Gandhi for their faith in the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty. Most of these NGOs are foreign-funded and they act according to the wishes of donors.  It is indirect interference in the affairs of the nation by foreign countries. The NAC chairperson has become a supra Prime Minister and an instrument for maladministration”, Rajappa adds.

Salient points of the draft:

The most crucial part of the draft for the Communal Violence Bill 2011 is the definition of the term ‘group’. The basis of such groupings may be religion, mother tongue, ethnicity and caste, e.g. schedule castes and schedule tribes. The next important step is to decide whether a group consists of the people of minority or the majority community. In India as a whole, Hindus are a majority and Muslims and Christian are a minority, on the basis of religion. Based on this criterion, the draft proceeds to designate any group consisting of Hindus as a group of majority, while a group consisting of Muslims and Christians as a group of minority community. But such identification is utterly faulty.
 There are so many states, e.g. Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya and Nagaland, and in the Andaman and Nicobar islands, where Hindus are minorities. So, in those states Hindus are deserved to be considered a religious minority. The most astonishing as well as ridiculous part of the draft Bill is that, communal troubles are created only by members of the majority community or the Hindus. From this basic presumption it comes out that for any incident of communal violence, only Hindus will be held responsible and punished. So, for any incident of communal violence between Hindus and Muslims in Jammu and Kashmir, where Muslims constitute more than 80% of the population, they will be considered a minority group and only Hindus will be held responsible and punished. Or in other words, if the Muslims in Jammu and Kashmir persecute the Hindus and massacre them en masse, even then the Hindus will be considered offenders and punished, while Muslims will not be held responsible.

Similar is the case for the states Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya and Nagaland, where Christians are majority and the Hindus are minorities. In the above mentioned states the Christian missionaries are carrying on ceasasionist movements. They have formed militant terrorist gangs and oppressing the Hindus. If the draft becomes a law, only the Hindus would be held guilty of such a violence and let the perpetrators go scot free, as they have labeled as a minority group. So, the draft Bill proceeds on the presumption that communal violence is created only by the majority community (Hindus) and never by members of the minority communities.

But history tells us that, so far violence between the Hindus and the Muslims is concerned, in almost all the cases, the Muslims are the initiators of the violence. The Mopla Riot in Malabar, Kerala, is one of the most famous incident of Hindu Muslim violence, was initiated by the Muslims (called Moplahs) on August 20, 1921. Instead of calling it a Hindu-Muslim riot, it would be proper to designate it as Hindu pogrom by the Moplahs. Another famous incident of communal violence is the “Great Calcutta Killings” that took place in August, 1946. It is also called the “Direct Action Day” by the historians. August 16 was Friday and that too in the month of Ramadan according to the Arabic calendar. It was therefore the holy day of the holiest month for the Muslims. On that holy day, lakhs of Muslims gathered under the Ochterlony Monument (now Shahid Minar) to offer midday holy Jumma prayer. After finishing the prayer, Muslims started to attack Hindus, killing Hindus, looting Hindu shops, setting Hindu shops and Hindu houses on fire. The killing of Hindus went on for several days.

Vultures feed on corpses of Hindu victims in Calcutta, August, 1946

Many hold this misconception that the 2002 Gujarat violence was initiated by the Hindus. But in reality, the violence was initiated by the Muslims by setting the coach S-6 of the Sabarmati Express on fire on February 27 at Godhra and burning 59 Hindu devotees, including women and children, alive. This barbaric incident initiated the communal violence in Gujarat that claimed over 1,200 lives. So, many called this Gujarat Violence as post Godhra Violence.

The coach S-6 of Sabarmati Express burning at Godhra

So, it can be shown that in every incident of Hindu-Muslim violence, Muslims are responsible. It is due to the fact that the Islamic holy book Koran spews hatred against the non-Muslims, including the Hindus and the Islamic doctrine of jihad inspire the Muslims to kill them, set their houses on fire, loot their wealth and riches, rape their women, occupy their tilling land, convert them by force and so on and so forth. But the holy books of the Hindus do not teach such hatred and oppress the non-Hindus. So, the presumption of the Communal Violence Bill 2011 that majority Hindus should be held responsible and punished for any incident Hindu-Muslim communal violence is patently discriminatory, undemocratic and non-secular. Such a view is totally opposed to the secular principle laid down in the Constitution of India that holds ‘an offence is an offence and the offender should be punished, irrespective of to what group he belongs’.
The other devastating provision:
The other devastating provision of the draft is that, if an individual of the minority community brings an allegation of propagation of hate against an individual belonging to the majority, police will have the right to arrest him without any investigation and put him behind the bar. The victim would not even have the right to know from whom the complaint has come. During trial, the complainant would not have any responsibility to establish his allegation, and it would be the sole responsibility of the victim to prove his innocence.

It is needless to say that this provision, if it becomes a law, would equip the UPA government to victimize any of its political rivals, and send him to prison. Suppose a fictitious man brings an allegation of propagating hate speech against Narendra Modi, the chief minister of Gujarat, the police will have the right to arrest him immediately and put him in prison. He will be released if and only if he succeeds to prove himself innocent.  So, Arindam Chaudhuri, an author, has said that the bill is to kill secularism in India (The Pioneer, June 4, 2011). He has also said, “The NAC-drafted Communal Violence Bill is a recipe for unmitigated disaster. In the guise of promoting communal harmony it promotes rank communalism. In the guise of protecting minorities, it attacks Hindu rights. This Bill will strike at the very foundation of liberty and legitimise criminal misdeeds of Muslims. It must not become law.”

Conclusion:

From the discussion presented above, it appears that the draft of the Communal Violence Bill 2011 has been framed with a strong motive of Hindu bashing. The contents of the draft grossly violate the sacrosanct principle of secularism, democracy and equality enshrined in the Constitution of India and if it becomes a law, it would be a disaster for the Hindus. Though it is doubtful whether such a draconian bill could survive even a preliminary scrutiny of the Supreme Court of India, the Hindus should raise their voice across the country so that the bill gets defeated in the Parliament. If this bill is passed by the Parliament and becomes a law, it will undoubtedly push India a step towards Islamization.

Does Manmohan Singh Has Balls to take Actions Against Sonia Gandhi and Her Goons.


Sonia gandhi early days

Image via Wikipedia

Does ManMohan Singh Has Balls to take Actions Against Sonia Gandhi and Her Goons.… ?

Dr. Subramanian Swamy’s Letter to PM to prosecute Mrs. Sonia Gandhi                                                    

15, April 2011
Dr.Manmohan Singh
Prime Minister as Sanctioning Authority
u/s 19 of the Prevention of Corruption Act (1988) [PCA]
South Block, New Delhi

Re: Sanction to prosecute Ms.Sonia Gandhi, Chairperson (in Cabinet Rank), NAC, under Prevention of Corruption Act (1988).

Dear Sir,

1. Ms.Sonia Gandhi MP, wife of the deceased Rajiv Gandhi, was first appointed as Chairperson National Advisory Council [NAC] in May 2004. She resigned in 2006 but was re-appointed by an Order of the Cabinet Secretariat dated March 29, 2010, read with Order dated October 8, 2010 [Annexure 1].

2. As per Order of May 31, 2004 [Annexure 2] the Prime Minister’s Office will provide Central Government funds to meet the expenditure of the NAC, and service the NAC for its secretarial needs. Hence she is a public servant as defined in Section 2 ( c ) of the Prevention of Corruption Act (1988).

3. You, in your capacity as deemed appointing authority are therefore the Designated Authority under Section 19 of the Prevention of Corruption Act for granting Sanction to prosecute the said Ms. Sonia Gandhi. As you know, there are no laches or statute of limitations for prosecuting offences of corruption.

4. Your Sanction is required by me for prosecuting Ms. Sonia Gandhi on a private complaint proposed to be filed by me in the criminal court under Prevention of Corruption Act (1988), based on the materials available to me (and enclosed with this letter/application) with reference to two issues:

FIRST ISSUE:

5. Ms.Sonia Gandhi holds office which enables her to give direction to Government departments and Ministries and also call for confidential reports from CBI, and according to the then Union Law Minister, she can even call for files [Annexure 3]. She has been as Chairperson of NAC giving directions to several ministries and departments.

6. It is charged that she obtained for, and colluded with family friend, Mr. Ottavio Quattrocchi—an Interpol Red-Corner Noticee & a proclaimed offender under Indian criminal law, to obtain for him the pecuniary advantage from defreezing of his CBI-frozen account, thus committing offence u/s 13 (1)(d) of the PCA, and also conspired with Quattrocchi to enable him to escape prosecution in Bofors Gun Purchase scam.

7. Bofors scam that occurred in 1986 represents corruption in very high places and the key figure in the scam is Mr. Ottavio Quattrocchi, the Italian family friend and fixer. The then Prime Minister, Rajiv Gandhi was manipulated by Ms.Sonia Gandhi, his Italian born wife, to abet the crime in Bofors gun purchase committed by Quattrocchi against the nation.

8. Ms.Sonia Gandhi stationed Mr.Walter Vinci, her brother-in-law, in Sweden to influence her husband and then Prime Minister, when on a visit to Sweden to finalize the Bofors Deal. Also present in the same hotel was the Italian fixer, small arms supplier, and Snam Progetti agent, Mr. Ottavio Quattrocchi, [who was hailed as the catalyst in the deal by the CBI in their Letters Rogatory documents], and who had in return for a hefty commission prevailed on the Prime Minister to sign the deal before March 31, 1986.

9. Thereafter when the arm of the law began reaching near him, he escaped from India in 1993, then from Malaysia in 2002 via a rigged court judgment obtained by collusion with as yet unnamed parties and from Argentina— by the CBI fudging the records – all achieved under the influence exerted by Ms. Sonia Gandhi under three different and consenting Prime Ministers.

10. This is further confirmed in the interview conducted by Ranjit Bhushan of Outlook magazine [Annexure 4 ] in 1998 with Mr.Sten Lindstorm, the Chief of the Investigation Division of Swedish National Bureau of Investigation and Special Prosecutor of the Swedish Government into the Bofors payoffs. The Swedish National Audit Bureau which he assisted concluded after an independent probe that bribes had indeed been paid in the Bofors deal.

11. Lindstorm states in the interview, which has not been contradicted by anyone including Ms. Sonia Gandhi, that: “The Bofors Papers all point to the [Sonia] Gandhi family” and further that Ms.Sonia Gandhi should “explain how Quattrocchi-owned companies got such fat sums as payoffs from the Bofors deal.”

12. This report is corroborated by another interview given by Lindstorm to Chitra Subramanian [Indian Express, March 22, 1998] wherein he stated; “All information we had at that time pointed to the Gandhi link—Sonia Gandhi should place her cards on the table. The bribes have been traced to her friend and this is not something out of the blue. This is no coincidence.”

13. Headlines Today is in possession of the written statement of then Intelligence Bureau officer Naresh Chandra Gosain made before CBI Inspector Ghanshyam Rai on March 29 1997. Between 1984 and 1987, Gosain was posted in the Special Protection Group[SPG] of the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. He was part of the escort team. Between 1987 and 1989, Gosain served as the Personal Security Officer or the PSO of Sonia Gandhi.

14. During the tenure of Prime Minister Deve Gowda in 1997, Gosain deposed before the CBI. This deposition has so far never been made public. Headlines Today dug out this deposition, in which Gosain talks at length about the close family ties between the Gandhis and the Quattrocchis.

15. In his testimony Gosain says, “Mr.Ottavio Quattrocchi and his wife Ms Maria Quattrocchi were very close to Mr Rajiv Gandhi and Mrs Sonia Gandhi. When Shri Rajiv Gandhi became Prime Minister, Mr. Quattrocchi and his family members used to visit PM house and the family members of Shri Rajiv Gandhi also used to visit the house of Mr.Quattrocchi.”

16. He adds: “In the initial period of Prime Ministership of Shri Rajiv Gandhi, the children of Shri Rajiv Gandhi used to stay at Mr.Quattrocchi’s house during the foreign visits/domestic visits of the Prime Minister. We used to perform our shift duties at the residence of Mr.Quattrocchi on such occasions. Sometimes, Mrs Sonia Gandhi has also stayed in the house of Mr.Quattrocchi and at that time we used to perform our duties there.”

Gosain goes on to add that Mr.Quattrocchi and his wife Maria enjoyed free access to the Prime Minister’s house. “At No. 5 & 7 Race Course Road, private cars were not allowed to enter inside the bungalow. Only the ferry cars of SPG, after severe security checks, used to carry such visitors from reception to porch and back. Mr. Quattrocchi and Mrs Maria Quattrocchi were very close to Shri Rajiv Gandhi’s family and they got free access to the PM’s House.”

He further added: “All visitors to No 5 & 7 Race Course Road were issued passes at the reception near the alighting point. Every time, a card was kept ready for Mr. Quattrocchi and his family members as and when they visited the PM’s house. Everybody in SPG posted at PM house knew Mr Quattrocchi and his family members. Hence, there was no question of identifying them.”

17. Ottavio Quattrocchi’s proximity to the Gandhis is well known. What is also known is this proximity continued even after Quattrocchi began to be linked to the Bofors scandal. What documents show is that despite the cloud of suspicion surrounding Quattrocchi’s involvment in the Bofors paybacks, he continued to have unfettered access to 10 Janpath, the residence officially assigned to Ms.Sonia Gandhi, which in itself makes her a public servant under the Prevention of Corruption Act.

18. It is important to recollect that by January 25, 1990, a team of CBI officials was already in Switzerland with a list of suspected recipients of the Bofors payback. According to a Frontline magazine story of the time, Ottavio Quattrocchi was the first name on that list. Between 1988 and 1990, the media too carried many stories about the involvement of Quattrocchi as a middleman in the Bofors deal.

19. It is clear from records that Mr.Quattrocchi was the direct beneficiary of bribe payments in the Bofors scam. It is now confirmed by the ITAT Report of the Hon’ble Tolani & Sharma Bench [Annexure 5 ].

The testimony of Mr. Sasi Dharan is crucial in further unravelling the proximity of Quattrocchi to Ms. Sonia Gandhi.. Sasi Dharan worked as a driver in Snam Progetti. Snam Progetti was an Italian public sector giant that was represented in India by Ottavio Quattrocchi. Sasi was Quattrocchi’s personal driver. He drove Mercedes No.DIA 6253. In his testimony before the CBI, Sasi details the frequent meetings between the Gandhis with the Quattrocchis.

20. In his testimony Sasi says: “Shri Quattrocchi and Mrs Maria Quattrocchi were very close to Shri Rajiv Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi and his family. I do not know what type of relation they had but Quattrocchi and his wife Maria used to frequently visit the house of Rajiv Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi. I knew it since 1985 when I joined service. At that time they used to visit the house of Rajiv Gandhi twice or thrice in a day. Whenever Sonia Gandhi’s mother or father visited India, I used to drive them to the house of Quattrocchi. They used to remain there for the whole day and Mrs Maria Quattrocchi would take them for shopping. They used to come to India four or five times in the year.”

21. What is clinching is the car log maintained by driver Sasi Dharan. In this log, Sasi details the exact dates when Ottavio Quattrocchi came to meet Rajiv and Sonia Gandhi at 5 and 7 Race Course Road or 10 Janpath. These logs are for the period 1989 to 1993. In this log book, Sasi Dharan has mentioned 41 occasions when Quattrocchi came to meet the Gandhis.

22. It is important to note that the meetings between Ottavio Quattrochi and Sonia Gandhi continued even after the death of Rajiv Gandhi in 1991 even as Ms.Sonia Gandhi remained as a public servant under the Prevention of Corruption Act.

23. According to Sasi Dharan, Quattrocchi came to 10 Janpath 21 times after May 1991. Considering the long financial dealings of Mr.Quattrocchi since 1976 with LTTE (the assassins of Rajiv Gandhi), this fact is a subject of a future application for sanction as well.

24. Sasi concludes by saying: “Shri Quattrocchi left India on the night of July 29, 1993 and on this day also I had driven him to the airport. At that time he did not have any luggage except one briefcase and he told me he was going for an urgent meeting. Usually, whenever Mr. Quattrocchi wanted the car, he would tell me in advance, but the day he left, he did not tell me (in advance)”. Obviously he had notice of his impending arrest by CBI in advance.

25. As a consequence of the misuse of her office and position, Ms. Sonia Gandhi helped Ottavio Quattrocchi not only escape from the country, and in 2005 even to withdraw $ 29 million from his de-frozen accounts and thus let off scot free.

26. Hence, it is prima facie obvious that Ms.Sonia Gandhi had misused her office [ she was Life President in the Government funded Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts Trust(IGNCA Trust) during 1991-2002] and thus a public servant with considerable influence in government to enable Mr. Quattrocchi to escape from India in 1993 and later in 2005 to benefit Mr.Quattrocchi to illegally gain monetarily at the expense of the Consolidated Fund of India, by defreezing his London accounts.

SECOND ISSUE:

27. This complaint against Sonia Gandhi also includes the corrupt monies held under her control in the tax haven of Switzerland as a legatee of the corrupt money which was banked in the name of her late husband or deposited by her of funds obtained from the erstwhile KGB, the Soviet Union’s Intelligence Agency, or by sale of illegally exported antiques in the country. I retain the right to submit details of other illegal accounts in other havens such as Macao at a later stage in another application to you or before the court.

28. It is well-reported that Sonia Gandhi is the beneficiary of Rajiv Gandhi’s estate which includes the corrupt monies continued even now to be held in a tax havens. Why this money is held abroad (even if held as a trust to benefit family members) instead of its being held in India within the Indian financial system to benefit the nation is a question which Ms.Sonia Gandhi must answer.

29. Violations of FEMA have occurred as also under Prevention of Money Laundering Act. In case any transaction on this account which is not reported in the Income Tax Returns, and FCRA is also a violation. There may also be an issue of obtaining RBI prior permission for holding such large sums abroad if it is claimed to be a legitimate account.

30. It is clear that this wealth was not reported in Election Affidavits of Sonia Gandhi & Rahul Gandhi as a beneficiary of the monies so held [Annexure 6]. The total wealth of both Gandhis, as per their election returns, is just Rs 363 lakh, Sonia owns no car. “

31. When Schweizer Illustrierte a prestigious German language Swiss magazine alleged that Rajiv Gandhi held an illegal account in Swiss banks of about US $ 2 billion, neither she nor her son, protested, or sued the magazine, then or later [Annexure 7].

32. When major papers, The Hindu and The Times of India included, had carried in the year 1992 the official confirmation of KGB payments to the Rajiv Gandhi family, adding that the Russian government owned the payments in the disclosures, neither of the two Gandhis challenged or sued them [Annexure 8].

33. Nor did they sue Dr. Yevgenia Albats, a member of the official Commission on KGB Operations set up by President Yeltsin, when she wrote about KGB payments to Rajiv Gandhi and family in her book: The State within State [Annexure 9].

34. More than $ 2 billion in 1991 was being held by Ms. Sonia Gandhi as a legatee, or otherwise obtained by receiving stolen movable and immovable properties, monies and securities, kept illegally in tax haven banks of Switzerland and elsewhere, and which is disproportionate to her known sources of income. She thus has also committed offence u/s 13(1)(e) of PCA. It also attracts the IPC Sections for receiving stolen property.

35. The recent deposition of Hasan Ali, alleged to have siphoned money of the nation to Switzerland secret accounts admits to his close association not only with her but with Mr.Ahmed Patel MP and political adviser to Ms.Sonia Gandhi [Annexure 10 ].

36. Ms. Sonia Gandhi is also obviously culpable under Indian criminal law such as FCRA for the pay offs in the Iraqi Oil-for-Food scam of 2002. The United Nations had set up an independent inquiry committee under Dr. F. Volcker which found that the “Congress Party” headed by Ms. Sonia Gandhi as a beneficiary of a free oil quota from the now deposed and deceased dictator Saddam Hussein, which the beneficiary sold at market price through Marc Rich, the notorious swindler who had been convicted by a US Court for 350 years and several million dollars as fine. He was pardoned by US President Clinton in 2000 on Israeli Prime Minister’s intervention. He lives in Switzerland.

37. No one in Congress Party but Ms. Sonia Gandhi as party President could have been this beneficiary. The other beneficiary listed in Volcker’s Report was by name: Natwar Singh, who got much less [Annexure 11].

38. I reserve the right to further petition you to enlarge the scope of this sanction at a future date to include other violations and offences committed by Ms.Sonia Gandhi under Prevention of Corruption Act (1988), for which I will file with you a separate application if necessary.

39. But, in this application alone there is substantive prima facie evidence for an appropriate court to take cognizance of the offence committed by Ms.Sonia Gandhi under the Prevention of Corruption Act, and thus I seek your sanction to initiate the criminal law to prosecute her under the Act.

40. Ms. Sonia Gandhi is habitually committing acts of corruption since 1972. On November 19, 1974, I brought it to the attention of the Rajya Sabha that Ms. Sonia Gandhi, then an Italian citizen had functioned as a benami insurance agent of public sector insurance companies, and giving her address as 1, Safdarjung Road, New Delhi which was then the official residence of the Prime Minister of India. She thus committed an offence under FERA. The then Prime Minister Mrs.Indira Gandhi subsequently informed the Rajya Sabha that following my disclosure, Ms. Sonia Gandhi had resigned from this agency earning commissions.

41. Between January 25, 1973 and January 21, 1975 she held a post of Managing Director of Maruti Technical Services on a salary despite it being an offence under FERA. But then she had become Managing Director of Maruti Heavy Vehicles Pvt Ltd with an even bigger remuneration. For neither post she had the necessary qualifications having never passed even High School.The Justice A.C. Gupta Commission appointed in 1977 by the Janata Party Government found her guilty of multiple offences under FERA and IPC.

42. In 1980 and January 1983 Ms. Sonia Gandhi then still an Italian citizen enrolled herself as a voter in the New Delhi constituency despite having been struck off the list in 1982 upon the ERO receiving a complaint from a citizen. She thus committed an offence under Section 31 of the Representation of the People’s Act read with Form 4 of the Registration of Electors Rules(1960).

43. Ms.Sonia Gandhi’s Indian citizenship acquired in record speed in April 1983 is vitiated by her incomplete answers to mandatory questions in the citizenship forms. She did not submit documents from the Italian government of relinquishing her Italian citizenship required for Indian citizenship, stating in the Form that it was ‘not applicable” [Annexure 12]. Italian Embassy in New Delhi simply affirmed what she told them and hence that cannot be taken as a valid document of relinquishment for the purposes of citizenship. She also retrieved her Italian passport in 1992 after citizenship laws in Italy were amended which under Section 10 of the Citizenship Act (1955) means cancellation of her Indian citizenship.

44. All these facts stated above were put together and published in USA in a full page advertisement in the New York Times in 2008 by NRIs N. Kataria and others. The Congress Party unit in USA thereafter engaged the most expensive law firm and filed a $200 million defamation suit. However Ms.Sonia Gandhi refused to appear in the witness box and be cross examination. Therefore, Justice Emily Goodman of the New York State Supreme Court dismissed the suit since defamation suits in law have to be filed by the person claiming to be defamed, and therefore cannot be assigned to others [Annexure 13]. Ms. Sonia Gandhi had a case to rebut these facts, then why she failed to turn up in court?

(SUBRAMANIAN SWAMY)

Source – http://tiny.cc/JP_PRESS

Brahmin Kings and History Of Hindustan


Bhagwan Parshuram

Image via Wikipedia

Deepak Parashar Royal Pandit posted in International Brahmin Sabha.

 

Kuch logo ka khans hai ke ak Pandit Royal kase ho sakta hai… M unko bata dana chata ho ke Deepak Parashar Ak Royal pandit hai.. kyoki M late Samrat Hamu Chandra Vikramaditya (1501-1556) ke ::parashar: vans se ho.

• bharat me 4 varan the
1- pandit
2- kashtarya jisme ke phale aarya the joki Bhagwan Parshuram ne mar diye the bad me ra…jput or thakur or pandit raja bane (hemu pandit tha jisne panipat ka 2 war lada tha and rani laxmi bhi) bane
3- vashye.. jisme hindu jaat, banya aate the…. jo vapar or kirshi karte the
4- suder… jisme nye, dhobi, tali, khati, chamar etc.. aate the….

pandit Kings in Indian History :-

Surya, King of Kalinga whose gotra was Kashyap.
Soma, King of area near Yamuna river whose gotra was Atreya.
Mangal, King of Avanti whose gotra was Atri.
Budha, King of Magadh whose gotra was Angiras.
Guru, King of Sindhu whose gotra was Bhargav.
Shukra, King of Bhojkot whose gotra was Kashyap.
Shani, King of Saurashtra whose gotra was Kashyap.
Rahu, King of Babar whose gotra was Maitrenis.
Ketu, King of Kalinga whose gotra was Jaimini.
Raja Dahir ,
pushyamitra shung,,
devbhuti,,
susharma,,
shimuk,
Poru who fought against Sikandar was also Brahmin, pushyabhuti shung was the 1st bhrman king of india,
dantidurg,
,vishbandan,
Peshwas ,
Kings of Sindh ,
Lakshmibai,
Kings of Bengal,
Sung dynasty ,
Kuber ; Lankesh.
Shivaji was Kaushik,
Lord Buddha was Gautam,
Achyutrai from Vijayanagar,
The Pallavas were an example of Brahmakshatriyas as that is what they killed themselves.
King lilitaditya was rules on Kashmir or central asia .
King Rudravarma of champa (vietnam) of 657 A.D.
King jayavarma one of the kambuja (Kampuchea) of 781 A.D
…Pushyamitra Sunga,
Vasudeva Kanva,
Satavahanas also brahmin Emperors,
Raja Harishchander ,
Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya whose gotra was Parashar,
Raja Birbal,
A raam mohan rai.
Raja Bhrat (Bharat)

ઈસ્લામ ધર્મના અનુયાયીઓએ વિશ્વના ઘણા દેશોને ગુલામ બનાવી ત્યાંની પ્રજા પર અકલ્પનીય અત્યાચાર ગુજારી સદીઓ સુધી ત્યાં શાસન કરી તેઓની તમામ ધન-સંપત્તિ લુંટીને સહુને બેહાલ કર્યા છે.




(1)
તમે પગની આંટી વાળીને ઉભેલા, મુખેથી વાંસળી વગાડતા કૃષ્ણને જોયા છે? એ કૃષ્ણની પાછળ ઉભેલી ગાયને તમે જોઈ છે? કૃષ્ણની વાંસળીથી માત્ર ગોપીઓ જ નહિ, ગાયો પણ ઘેલી થઈને ખેંચાઈ આવતી. પ્રેમભાવથી ઘેલા થઈને નાચવું એ આપણો સ્વભાવ છે. જ્યાં નિર્ભયતા હોય છે ત્યાં ઉમંગ-ઉલ્લાસ જોવા મળે છે. અને નિર્ભય વાતાવરણનો સર્જક એવો આપણો ક્ષત્રિય ‘ગો-બ્રાહ્મણ પ્રતિપાળ’ કહેવાય છે. શું ક્ષત્રિય આ દેશમાં પોતાનો ધર્મ પાળી શકે છે? ગાયને કપાતી રોકી શકે છે?

(2)
જે દેશમાં દસ-દસ વાર ભગવાને અવતાર લઈને માનવજાતને જીવન જીવવાનું માર્ગદર્શન આપ્યું એ દેશના રાષ્ટ્રધ્વજમાં રામ-કૃષ્ણ કે સંસ્કૃતિના મહાસપૂતો એવા મહારાણા પ્રતાપ કે છત્રપતિ શિવાજીને રાખવાને બદલે સફેદ-લીલા-ભૂરા રંગો રાખવામાં આવ્યા હોય, રાષ્ટ્રના કોઈપણ માનદંડ(રાષ્ટ્રધ્વજ, રાષ્ટ્રીય મુદ્રા, રાષ્ટ્રગીત)માં કરોડો હિન્દુ ભારતીયોની શ્રદ્ધાનું એક પણ પ્રતિક(મોરપીંછ, વાંસળી, સુદર્શન ચક્ર, સુર્ય, ધનુષ્ય-બાણ, શંખ, ગદા, કમળ વગેરે) ન રાખવામાં આવ્યું હોય, અને જે ધર્મને જગદ્ગુરુ શ્રીમદ આદ્ય શંકરાચાર્યે ભારતભરમાંથી મારી હટાવ્યો એ ધર્મના પ્રતીક એવા અશોકચક્રને રાષ્ટ્રધ્વજમાં સ્થાન અપાયું હોય એ દેશમાં આપણું કહી શકાય એવું શું છે? આપણા દેશમાં આપણે જ પરાયા?

(3)
આઝાદી મળ્યે સાઠ-સાઠ દાયકાઓ વીતી ગયા છતાં આપણા બાળકોને ભારતીય સંસ્કૃતિ મુજબનું તપોવન પદ્ધતિનું શિક્ષણ આપણે આપી શકતા નથી. આપણી સંસ્કૃતિના અભ્યાસવિષયો કેટલા બધા સમૃદ્ધ છે! સત્તર-સત્તર પ્રકારની રાજ્યવ્યવસ્થાનો ઉલ્લેખ આપણે ત્યાં જોવા મળે છે. આપણા અર્થશાસ્ત્રમાં ઉપાર્જનની સાથે-સાથે જોવા મળતા વિનિમયના સિદ્ધાંતો પણ વિચારણીય છે. ભ્રષ્ટ ઈતિહાસકારોએ લખેલો હોવાથી આપણો સાચો ઈતિહાસ પણ આપણે ભણાવી શકતા નથી. શું અર્થ છે આવી આઝાદીનો?

જગતની અડતાલીસ સંસ્કૃતિઓમાંની એક માત્ર ભારતીય સંસ્કૃતિ, જે 80 હજાર વર્ષ જુની હોવા છતાં આજે અસ્તિત્વમાં છે. બાકીની તમામ સંસ્કૃતિઓ જન્મી ને કેટલીક શતાબ્દિઓ સુધી જીવીને કાળના પેટમાં દટાઈ ગઈ. ભારત દેશ આર્યોનું મુળ વતન વિશ્વસ્તરે સાબિત થઈ ચુક્યો છે. જમીનસીમા વધારવા કે કોઈની ધન-સંપત્તિ લુંટવા આર્યોએ ક્યારેય કોઈ દેશ કે રાજ્ય પર આક્રમણ કર્યું નથી. ખ્રિસ્તી તેમજ ઈસ્લામ ધર્મના અનુયાયીઓએ વિશ્વના ઘણા દેશોને ગુલામ બનાવી ત્યાંની પ્રજા પર અકલ્પનીય અત્યાચાર ગુજારી સદીઓ સુધી ત્યાં શાસન કરી તેઓની તમામ ધન-સંપત્તિ લુંટીને સહુને બેહાલ કર્યા છે. આ ધર્મોના અનુયાયી શાસકોની એક હજાર વર્ષની ગુલામીમાંથી મુક્ત થયા બાદ ફરીથી આપણને આઝાદી મળી એનો અર્થ એવો નથી કે વૈદિક ધર્મ અને સંસ્કૃતિએ પોતાની દિવ્ય-ભવ્ય પરંપરાનો ગર્વ ભુલીને હજી હમણા જ જન્મેલા અને રક્તરંજિત ઈતિહાસ ધરાવતા ખ્રિસ્તી-ઈસ્લામ ધર્મની સાથે સમાન બનીને જીવવું. જ્યાં સુધી ભારતદેશ આર્યાવર્ત તરીકે પોતાના પુન:ગૌરવને પ્રાપ્ત ન કરે ત્યાં સુધી આપણે આઝાદ થયાનો કોઈ અર્થ નથી.

(5)
આપણા દરેક ઈષ્ટદેવના હાથમાં સ્વરક્ષા માટે તેમજ દુષ્ટોને દંડ દેવા માટે હંમેશા હથિયાર હોય છે. ભારતીય સંસ્કૃતિની વિશિષ્ટ વિચારધારા ટકે એ માટે શંકરે ત્રિપુરાસુરને બાળ્યો, રામચંદ્રે રાવણને તેમજ ગણેશે સિંદુરાસુરને માર્યો. ભગવાન વિષ્ણુએ અનંત રાક્ષસોનું હનન કર્યું. ભારતને આઝાદી મળ્યા બાદ ચાર નાદાન અને મુર્ખ છોકરાઓની બિનસાંપ્રદાયિકતા જેવી સ્વકપોળ કલ્પનાઓ વૈદિક વિચારધારા સામે કેટલું ટકી શકવાની છે, એ આપણા આર્યોના બાહુબળ પર આધારિત છે. ભારતની આઝાદીનો યશ ભલે ગાંધીજીની અહિંસાને મળ્યો, પરંતુ આઝાદીના રહસ્યો જાણી લેવા જરુરી છે. બીજા વિશ્વયુદ્ધમાં બુરી રીતે હારી ચુકેલા ઈંગલેંડને પોતાના બાહુબળથી જીતાડનાર અને ભારતને કોઈ પણ સંજોગોમાં આઝાદી ન આપવાનું વ્રત લેનાર ચર્ચિલ, યુદ્ધ બાદ તરત ઈંગલેંડમાં આવેલી ચુંટણીમાં, અગાઉ એક પણ વાર ન હાર્યો હોવા છતાં પ્રથમ વાર હારી કેમ ગયો? અને ભારતને આઝાદી આપવાના મતનો લિબરલ પક્ષ ઈંગલેંડના ઈતિહાસમાં પ્રથમ વાર ચુંટણી જીતી કેમ ગયો? ભારતને આઝાદ કરવાનું કાર્ય કર્યા બાદ તરત જ લિબરલ પક્ષ સત્તા ગુમાવી બેઠો અને ચર્ચિલનો હારી ચુકેલો કોંઝર્વેટીવ પક્ષ ફરીથી ચુંટણી જીતી ગયો. ત્યારબાદ પચાસ વર્ષ સુધી લિબરલ પક્ષ સત્તા પર આવ્યો નથી. ત્યારે કહેવાનું મન થાય કે ભારતને ભગવાને આઝાદી અપાવી છે, કોઈ વ્યક્તિએ નહિ. આજે પણ આર્યાવર્તના દેશભક્ત સપૂતો દુ:ષ્ટોને હણીને વૈદિક વિચારધારાને પુન: પ્રસ્થાપિત કરવા, આપણા ઈષ્ટદેવને અનુસરવા થનગની રહ્યા છે.

(6)
આતંકવાદીઓ, દેશદ્રોહીઓ પકડાય, સુપ્રીમકોર્ટમાં તેઓને સજા થાય છતાં એ સજાનો અમલ કરવાને બદલે એ ગુનેગારોના પરિવારજનોને મળીને તેઓની માફી માગનારાઓ આ દેશમાં ટોચની સત્તા પર બિરાજ્યા હોય ત્યાં આપણે આઝાદ તો નથી જ, પરંતુ સુરક્ષિત પણ નથી. દેશનું સર્વોચ્ચ માનદંડ એવી સંસદગૃહ પર હુમલો કરનાર અફઝલગુરુ હોય કે સેંકડો નિર્દોષ નાગરિકોનું લોહી વહાવનાર અજમલ કસાબ હોય, એ રીઢા ગુનેગારોને અન્યાય ન થઈ જાય એ બાબતનું ધ્યાન રાખવા, એને સાચવવા વર્ષોના વર્ષો સુધી કરોડોનો ખર્ચ એ દુ:ષ્ટો પાછળ કરવામાં આવે ત્યારે કાયદાકીય ગુંચવાળી ન્યાયની પ્રક્રિયા નિરર્થક અને વ્યર્થ કસરત જણાય છે. કોર્ટમાં સાબિત થયેલા ગુનેગારની વધુ એક પળ માટેની હસ્તી સમાજ માટે પ્રાણઘાતક જોખમ ધરાવતી હોય ત્યારે એ ગુનેગારને વધુ ને વધુ જીવીત રાખવો યોગ્ય ગણાય કે એને ત્વરિત ગતિએ ફાંસીએ ચઢાવી દેવો યોગ્ય ગણાય?

(7)
કાશ્મીરના વિદ્વાન પંડીત પરિવારો દસકાઓથી નિરાશ્રીત બનીને ન્યાયની આશાએ દિલ્હીના ફુટપાથ પર વિચરતી જાતિની જેમ જિંદગી ગુજારી રહ્યા હોય, આ દેશના કયા ભાગમાં કોણે રહેવું કે ના રહેવું એ આતંકવાદીઓ-ત્રાસવાદીઓની એ.કે.56 બંદુકની અણી નક્કી કરતી હોય ત્યાં આપણે સ્વતંત્ર કેવી રીતે કહેવાઈએ?

(8)
હિન્દુ દેવી-દેવતાઓના અશ્લિલ ચિત્રો ચીતરીને આપણી ધાર્મિક લાગણી દુ:ભવવામાં આવતી હોય, અભિવ્યક્તિ-સ્વાતંત્ર્ય તેમજ કલાના નામે દુષ્ટ ચિત્રકારોને આવા કામ માટે સરકાર તેમજ ન્યાયતંત્ર તરફથી છુટ આપવામાં આવતી હોય એટલું જ નહિ પરંતુ તેઓના ચિત્રો મોંઘા ભાવે ખરીદીને સમાજમાં આ નાલાયકોને સન્માનવામાં આવતા હોય ત્યારે તેઓને સજા અપાવવા આપણે કંઈ જ ન કરતા છાના-માના બેસી રહેવાનું હોય એવી આપણી આઝાદી શું કામની?

(9)
દાણચોરો તેમજ ડ્રગ્સના સોદાગરો પાસેથી ફાયનાંસ લઈને બનતી હિન્દી ફિલ્મોમાં મોટે ભાગે હિન્દુ ગોરમહારાજ, પુજારીની ઠઠ્ઠા-મશ્કરીઓ કરવામાં આવે, મુસ્લિમ ફકીર તો હંમેશા ઉચ્ચ કક્ષાનો અલ્લાહનો બંદો હોય, મા-બાપને દગો દઈને લુખ્ખા-મવાલી જોડે ભાગી જાય એ છોકરી જ સાચો પ્રેમ કરે છે એમ પ્રતિપાદીત કરીને મુગ્ધાવસ્થાની છોકરીઓને ગેરમાર્ગે દોરી, ભરમાવીને એનો ગેરલાભ એમના જ મવાલીઓ, ટપોરીઓ લેતા રહે, ઉચ્ચ પોલીસ અધિકારીના યુનિફોર્મમાં રહેલા પાત્રને ફટકારતા સડક છાપ રોમીયોનું દૃશ્ય બતાવીને મવાલીઓને કાયદાનો ડર ન રાખવાનો સંદેશ આપવામાં આવે, અને એવું દર્શાવીને આપણી આ દેશના સાચા નાગરિક તરીકેની કાયદાપાલનની ભાવનાને ચુંથી-મસળી નાંખવામાં આવતી હોય ત્યારે આ દેશમાં આપણે સ્વસ્થ કેવી રીતે રહી શકીએ?

(10)
મુસ્લિમો શરિયત(તેઓના ધર્મના કાયદા પાળવા)નું પાલન કરવા માંગે છે ત્યારે તેઓને એવી છૂટ શાસન તેમજ ન્યાયાલય તરફથી આપવામાં આવે છે(શાહબાનો કેસ). જેમ કે, મુસ્લિમ ચાર બીબી રાખી શકે, માત્ર ત્રણ વખત ‘તલાક’ બોલીને પોતાની બીબીને છુટાછેડા આપી શકે વગેરે. શું આપણે હિન્દુ આપણા ધર્મશાસ્ત્રનું પાલન કરી શકીએ છીએ ખરા? આપણું ધર્મશાસ્ત્ર(ગીતા) આતતાયી(આપણું ઘર બાળનાર, પત્ની સાથે બળજબરી કરનાર, આપણું ધન લુંટનાર, મૃત્યુ નીપજાવવા આપણા પર હુમલો કરનાર વગેરે)ને વિના વિચાર્યે તત્કાલ મારી નાખવાનો આદેશ કરે છે. શું આપણે એના પાલન માટે મુક્ત છીએ ખરા? શરિયતનો કાનુન અને ભારતીય કાનુનમાંથી કોઈ એકનું પાલન કરવાનું થાય તો મુસલમાનો કયો કાનુન પાળશે? એ અંગે તેઓ પોતાનો મત જાહેર કરશે? દેશનો કાનુન પાળતી વખતે હિન્દુ પોતાના ધર્મના કાનુનને યાદ પણ ન કરતો હોય તો આ દેશમાં વધુ સેક્યુલર કોણ ગણાય? હિન્દુ કે મુસલમાન?

(11)
હિન્દુ વિસ્તારમાં ઘુસીને ગુપ્ત રીતે કોઈ મુસલમાન મકાનમાલિક ન બની જાય એ માટે સરકાર તરફથી કાયદો કરવામાં આવતો હોય ત્યારે કોઈ કેવી રીતે કહી શકે કે આ દેશમાં આપણે ભય તેમજ આતંકથી મુક્ત આઝાદીની હવામાં શ્વાસ લઈ રહ્યા છીએ? મુસલમાનોની એવી ફરિયાદ છે, કે હિન્દુઓ એમના વિસ્તારમાં મુસલમાનને મકાન ખરીદવા નથી દેતા. એનો અર્થ એ થયો કે મુસલમાનને હિન્દુ તરફથી કોઈ તકલીફ નથી. હિન્દુઓની નિર્દોષતા અંગેનું આથી મોટું પ્રમાણપત્ર બીજું કયું હોઈ શકે? છતાં સ્થિતિ એવી છે, કે હિન્દુઓને ન ગમતી બાબત જેવી કે, ગાય-વાછરડાને કાપીને ખાવા, ધર્માંતરણને ઈસ્લામનો આદેશ ગણીને એ બહાને હિન્દુ છોકરીઓ પર જાતીય અત્યાચાર કરવા, બોમ્બવિસ્ફોટ તેમજ આતંકી હુમલાઓ કરીને મૂર્તિપૂજકોને મારવાનો અલ્લાહનો આદેશ ગણીને ત્રાસવાદીઓ-આતંકવાદીઓ દ્વારા હિન્દુઓને ખતમ કરવામાં આવતા હોય ત્યારે તેઓનો સક્રિય વિરોધ ન કરવો, અજાણ્યા જાતભાઈની પુરતી તપાસ કર્યા વિના એને રહેવા કે નાનકડો ઉદ્યોગ કરવા માટે આશ્રય આપી એની ખુફિયા પ્રવૃત્તિ અંગે અજાણ રહેવું, શરુઆતમાં પોલીસ આવા શકમંદોને પકડે એટલે ‘હમકુ ખાલીપીલી પરેશાન કરતે હે’ એવા બુમબરાડા પાડવા અને શકમંદો વિરુદ્ધ જાનના જોખમે પોલીસ નક્કર પુરાવાઓ શોધી કાઢે ત્યારે ‘હમકુ ક્યા માલુમ થા?’ કહીને પાણીમાં બેસી જવું વગેરે કાર્યો મુસલમાનો દ્વારા થયા જ કરે છે.

(12)
માતૃભુમિને સલામ કરવાનો ઈંકાર કરનારની આ દેશ પ્રત્યેની નિષ્ઠા કેવી અને કેટલી? રાષ્ટ્ર એટલે શું જમીનનો એક ટુકડો માત્ર? જમીનના ટુકડા પ્રત્યે કોઈ દિવસ નિષ્ઠા ઉભી કરી શકાય ખરી? રાષ્ટ્ર એટલે તો એ સ્થળની હજારો વર્ષ જુની દિવ્ય અને ભવ્ય સંસ્કૃતિ અને તેની તેજસ્વી આધ્યાત્મિકતા, ત્યાગ અને સંયમની ઋષિમુનિઓની ગૌરવપૂર્ણ પરંપરા. અવતારો જે ભૂમિમાં જન્મ લઈને નાચ્યા-કુદ્યા ને હસતા-રમતા માનવજાતને જીવન જીવવાનો સચોટ રાજમાર્ગ બતાવ્યો. આ તમામ બાબતોના પાયામાં રહેલા સંસ્કાર તેમજ મુલ્યો પ્રત્યેની નિષ્ઠા એટલે રાષ્ટ્રનિષ્ઠા. આમ રાષ્ટ્રભક્તિ, નિષ્ઠા વગેરે ખ્યાલો ધર્મના ક્ષેત્રમાં જ સમાવિષ્ટ થાય છે. રાષ્ટ્રનિષ્ઠા ક્યારેય ધર્મનિષ્ઠાથી સ્વતંત્ર હોઈ જ શકતી નથી.

મોટા ભાગના વિદેશી ભારતીયો તેમજ એક વાર વિદેશ જઈ આવેલા આપણા લોકોની હંમેશની ફરિયાદ રહી છે, કે ભારતના નાગરિકો દેશ પ્રત્યે તદ્દન બિનજવાબદારીપૂર્વક વર્તે છે. એમનામાં સિવિક સેંસ જેવું કંઈ નથી. એના મૂળમાં જોઈએ તો ત્યાં પણ દેશભક્તિની ભાવનાનો અભાવ જ જોવા મળશે. કોઈ એક ધર્મનિષ્ઠા વિનાના દેશ પ્રત્યે ત્યાંના નાગરિકોમાં દેશનિષ્ઠાનો અભાવ રહેવાનો જ. પશ્ચિમના દેશોમાં કાયદાના ડરથી જ બધા સીધા ચાલે છે, એવું નથી. એક ધર્મનિષ્ઠા ધરાવતા હોવાથી તેઓમાં પોતાના દેશ માટે ગૌરવની લાગણી વધુ કાર્ય કરતી હોય છે. ધર્મનિરપેક્ષતા લાદીને દસકાઓ સુધી ભારતના એક કાળના મુર્ખ નેતાઓએ કરોડો હિન્દુઓની ધર્મભાવના દેશ સાથે જોડીને દેશના વિકાસમાં એનો ઉપયોગ કરવાને બદલે એમ ને એમ પડી રહેવા દીધી છે.

વિશ્વમાં પાંચસોથી વધુ દેશો છે. દરેક દેશનો કોઈ ને કોઈ ધર્મ છે અને એ ધર્મનું માન્ય પુસ્તક રાષ્ટ્રીય પુસ્તક ગણાય છે. આપણે જાણીએ છીએ કે વિશ્વમાં ઈસ્લામિક રાષ્ટ્રો છે, ખ્રિસ્તી દેશો પણ છે. કોઈ પણ દેશનો ધર્મ એ દેશની પરંપરા, સાંસ્કૃતિક તેમજ આધ્યાત્મિક વારસાને ગૌરવવાન બનાવી રાખે છે. એ ધર્મના કારણે ઊભી થતી અસ્મિતા જે-તે દેશના નાગરિકમાં ખુમારી ભરી દે છે. એથી એ રાષ્ટ્ર કોઈ સામે ઝુકતુ નથી. પતિવ્રતા સ્ત્રીને જેમ પતિભક્તિની ખુમારી હોય છે એમ એ રાષ્ટ્રનો નાગરિક દેશ માટે મરવા તૈયાર થઈ જાય છે. કોઈ સ્ત્રી પોતાના પતિ અને પાડોશી પ્રત્યે સમભાવ રાખી શકે? જે સ્ત્રી પતિ અને પાડોશી પ્રત્યે સમાન વ્યવહાર કરતી હોય એને તમે શું કહેશો? આઝાદી મળ્યા બાદ ભારતના તમામ નાગરિકો પર સર્વધર્મસમભાવની નીતિ લાદવામાં આવી. પતિવ્રતાની જેમ પોતાના ધર્મ સાથે જોડાયેલા હિન્દુને ઈસ્લામ કે ખ્રિસ્તી ધર્મ પ્રત્યે સમભાવ કેવી રીતે હોઈ શકે? વેશ્યા જેમ તમામ પુરુષો પ્રત્યે સમભાવ રાખતી હોય છે એમ બધા ધર્મો પ્રત્યે સમભાવ રાખનારનું આવા દેશમાં પૂજન થતું હોય છે. પતિવ્રતા સ્ત્રી પ્રેમ મેળવવા તેમજ પ્રેમ આપવા પોતાના પતિ પ્રત્યે એકનિષ્ઠ હોવી જોઈએ કે તમામ પુરુષો પ્રત્યે આસક્ત હોવી જોઈએ? એ સ્ત્રીની પોતાના પતિ પ્રત્યેની એકનિષ્ઠાને શું કટ્ટરતામાં ખપાવશું?

જેમ ઈંગલેંડ-અમેરિકાનું નાગરિકત્વ મેળવેલો હિન્દુ ભારત પ્રત્યે નિષ્ઠાવાન રહેશે તેમ ભારતનો કે દુનિયાના કોઈ પણ દેશનો મુસલમાન નાગરિક ઈસ્લામિક રાષ્ટ્રો પ્રત્યે ઢળતો રહેવાનો જ! આથી રાષ્ટ્રનો કોઈ એક ધર્મ હોવો અનિવાર્ય છે. અને રાષ્ટ્રનો એ ધર્મ ન પાળનારા નાગરિકો એ રાષ્ટ્ર માટે દ્વિતીય કક્ષાના નાગરિકો તરીકેની જ સગવડો પામે, જેમ આપણા હિન્દુઓ વિદેશમાં એ બાબતથી ટેવાઈ ગયા છે તેમ.

(13)
શું આપણે બળજબરી કરીને કે લાલચ આપીને કોઈ મુસ્લિમ કે ખ્રિસ્તીનું ધર્માંતરણ કરીને તેઓને હિન્દુ બનાવ્યા? કેટલાક મુસ્લિમ છોકરાઓ હિન્દુ નામ રાખીને પહેલા હિન્દુ છોકરીઓને પટાવે છે. પછી બળજબરી કરીને લગ્નના બહાના હેઠળ એનું ધર્માંતરણ કરે છે. તેઓના આ કૃત્યને ધાર્મિક ગણાવીને મુસ્લિમ ધર્મના કેટલાક કહેવાતા ધર્મગુરુઓ કથિત રીતે મસ્જીદ જેવા પાક સ્થાનોમાં અનુયાયીઓને આવા કામ કરવા ઉશ્કેરે છે. આથી કહી શકાય કે બહાર ગયેલી પોતાની દીકરી ઘરે પરત ન આવે ત્યાં સુધી હિન્દુ મા-બાપો આજે પણ આ દેશમાં મોગલોનું શાસન હોય એ રીતે ગભરાયેલા રહે છે. આપણા હિન્દુ ધર્મગુરુઓ પણ આપણમાં રહેલું શૌર્ય-વીરત્વ જાગ્રત કરે છે, પરંતુ અન્યાયનો પ્રતિકાર કરવા માટે, મુસલમાનોને અન્યાય કરવા માટે નહિ.

(14)
આ દેશ કોનો છે? સાતસો પચાસ વર્ષ મુસ્લિમ ગુંડાઓએ અને બસો પચાસ વર્ષ અંગ્રેજ ગુંડાઓએ આ દેશ પર રાજ્ય કર્યું. એ લોકોનું એમ કહેવું હતું, કે તેઓ ભારતમાં આવ્યા એ પહેલા આર્યો પણ લુંટફાટના ઈરાદે ભારતમાં આવ્યા હતા અને અહિં રહી ગયા. વાસ્તવમાં આર્યો મુળ ભારતના છે.(ઐતિહાસિક પ્રમાણો છે.) તેથી આપણા ઘરમાં કોઈ ગુંડો ઘુસી જાય તો એને મારીને હાંકી કાઢવો એ આપણું કર્તવ્ય બને છે અને એ ગુંડો આપણા ઘરમાં જ આપણને મારે તો એ ત્રાસવાદ છે. આપણે એ ગુંડાઓને તો હાંકી કાઢ્યા. છતાં એમણે મોકલેલા ફિદાયીનો(ત્રાસવાદી-આતંકવાદીઓ) અને એમના કૃત્ય પ્રત્યે પૂર્ણ મઝહબી ભાવ ધરાવનારા આ દેશના ગદ્દારો આપણા દેશમાં છુપી રીતે રાષ્ટ્રદ્રોહની પ્રવૃત્તિ કરી રહ્યા છે. સામસામેના યુદ્ધમાં આપણા હાથના બે-ત્રણ વાર તમાચા ખાધા પછી તેઓ પ્રોક્સીવૉરની લડત આપી રહ્યા છે. અને તેઓ પ્રત્યે કેન્દ્રિય શાસન તેમજ ભ્રમિત બુદ્ધિવાળા હિન્દુઓ(માનવાધિકારવાદીઓ, સેક્યુલરો) સહાનુભૂતિ ધરાવતા હોય ત્યારે કેવી રીતે આપણે આઝાદીની ઉજવણીનો ઉમંગ માણી શકીએ?

(15)
મુસ્લિમ ધર્મના અનુયાયીઓ હિન્દુને ‘કાફર’ ગણે છે. અને ‘કાફિરો કો કાટ ડાલો’ એ જગતભરના મુસલમાનોનું પ્રિય સૂત્ર છે. કાફરને મારવાથી અલ્લાહ રાજી થાય છે અને મર્યા પછી જન્નતમાં ‘ગાઝી’ની પદવી(સ્વર્ગમાં ઈન્દ્ર જેવી શ્રેષ્ઠ પદવી) મળે છે, એવી મુસલમાનની દૃઢ શ્રદ્ધા છે. કોઈ એક મુસલમાન પાસે ‘આ વાત ખોટી છે.’ એવું તમે જાહેરમાં બોલાવી શકશો? છતાં આ દેશનો મુર્ખ વડાપ્રધાન હિન્દુઓની બહુમતિ ધરાવતા આ દેશમાં કહે છે, કે ‘આ દેશના સંસાધનો પર મુસલમાનોનો પ્રથમ હક્ક છે.’ ત્યારે હિન્દુઓએ શું આત્મહત્યા કરવાની?

ભારતના આજના મુસલમાનો કે ખ્રિસ્તીઓ તો એક કાળના વટલાયેલા હિન્દુઓ જ છે. એ સમયે તેઓને હિન્દુ ધર્મમાં પાછા ફરવું હતું પરંતુ હિન્દુ ધર્મની રુઢિચુસ્તતાને કારણે તેઓ એમ કરી શક્યા નહિ. આજે હિન્દુ ધર્મ તેઓને ગૌરવભેર અપનાવવા તૈયાર થયો છે ત્યારે નીચ અને હલકટ રાજકારણીઓની શૈતાની ચાલબાજીમાં આવીને તેઓ પોતાની મુસ્લિમ તેમજ ખ્રિસ્તી તરીકેની ઓળખને વળગી રહ્યા છે. પાંચ-સાત પેઢીઓથી વિદેશી મુસ્લિમ-ખ્રિસ્તી ઘેટાં-બકરાંના ટોળામાં રહ્યા હોવાથી આજે પણ તેઓ બેં-બેં કરતા મુસ્લિમ-ખ્રિસ્તી રાષ્ટ્રો તરફ મુખ કરીને બેઠા છે. તેઓ જાતે સમજીને પુન: સિંહ જેવા હિન્દુ ધર્મમાં પાછા ફરશે ત્યારે આ દેશ પોતાની ખરી આઝાદી ઉજવશે.

દરેક ચિંતકને ભવિષ્યવાણી કરવાની ઝંખના હોય છે. એમાં વેદવ્યાસથી લઈને કાર્લમાર્ક્સ સુધીના કોઈ બાકી નથી રહ્યા. આથી હું પણ એક ભવિષ્યવાણી કરવાની ઈચ્છા રાખુ છું. યુરોપ અને અમેરિકા જેવા ખ્રિસ્તી રાષ્ટ્રો અને મધ્યપૂર્વના ઈસ્લામિક રાષ્ટ્રો વચ્ચે નાનકડા યુદ્ધોની શરુઆત થઈ ચુકી છે. લિબિયા, કુવૈત, ઈરાક, અફઘાનિસ્તાન વગેરે રાષ્ટ્રોને સંપૂર્ણ રીતે કચડી નાંખવામાં આવ્યા છે. પાકીસ્તાન અમેરિકન પેટ ડોગ સિવાય કોઈ ખાસ વજુદ ધરાવતું નથી. આથી જ તો ઈસ્લામિક રાષ્ટ્રોમાં મુસલમાનોની દયનીય હાલત જોઈને ભારતીય મુસલમાનો ભારતમાં વધુ હુંફ અનુભવતા થયા છે! રશિયા તો ક્યારનું ખલાસ થઈ ગયું છે. જાપાન સ્વભાવથી જ ઈસ્લામ વિરોધી છે. ચીનને ઈસ્લામ અને ખ્રિસ્તી રાષ્ટ્રો લડે એથી કોઈ ફર્ક પડતો નથી. ભવિષ્યમાં ઈસ્લામિક તેમજ ખ્રિસ્તી રાષ્ટ્રો વચ્ચે મોટા યુદ્ધો થવાના જ. પરિણામે બન્ને ધર્મો પણ ઈતિહાસ બનીને રહી જશે. તે સમયે ભારતીય હિન્દુમાંથી વટલાઈને મુસલમાન કે ખ્રિસ્તી બનેલાઓને પોતાનો હિન્દુ ધર્મ યાદ આવશે. (26મી જાન્યુઆરીએ ફરી આ વિષય પર વિચાર કરીશું.)

http://vicharo.com/ KALPESH SONI

Brahmins and Gotra


SOME TIMES BY ; SANTOSH  BHATT

  In general, Gotra denotes any person who traces descent in an unbroken male line from a common male ancestor.

Panini defines Gotra for grammatical purposes as ” apatyam pautraprabhrti gotram” (IV. 1. 162),

Which means ‘the word Gotra comes as progeny (of a sage) beginning with the son’s son. When a person says ‘ I am Kashypasa-gotra, ‘ he means that he traces his descendt from the ancient sage Kashyapa.
By unbroken male descent. According to the Baudhâyanas’rauta-sûtra Viśvāmitra, Jamadagni, Bharadvâja, Gautama, Atri, Vasishtha, Kashyapa and Agastya are 8 sages;

the progeny of these eight sages is declared to be gotras. This enumeration of eight primary gotras seems to have been known to Pānini. These gotras are not directly connected to Prajapathy or latter brama.

The offspring (apatya) of these eight are gotras and others than these are called ‘ Gotrâvayava ‘.[24]

The Gotras are arranged in groups, e. g. there are according to the Âsvalâyana-srautasûtra four subdivisions of the Vasishtha gana, viz. Upamanyu, Parāshara, Kundina and Vasishtha (other than the first three).

Each of these four again has numerous sub-sections, each being called gotra. So the arrangement is first into Ganas, then into Pakshas, then into Individual gotras.

The first has survived in the Bhrigu and Āngirasa gana. According to Baudh., the principal eight gotras were divided into pakshas. The pravara of Upamanyu is Vasishtha, Bharadvasu, Indrapramada;

The pravara of the Parâshara gotra is Vasishtha, Shâktya, Pârâsharya; the pravara of the Kundina gotra is Vasishtha, Maitrâvaruna, Kaundinya and the pravara of Vasishthas other than these three is simply Vasishtha. It is therefore that some define pravara as the group of sages that distinguishes the founder (lit. the starter) of one gotra from another.

There are two kinds of pravaras, 1) sishya-prasishya-rishi-parampara, and 2) putrparampara. Gotrapravaras can be ekarsheya, dwarsheya, triarsheya, pancharsheya, saptarsheya, and up to 19 rishis. Kashyapasa gotra has at least two distinct pravaras in Andhra Pradesh: one with three sages (triarsheya pravara) and the other with seven sages (saptarsheya pravara).

This pravara may be either sishya-prasishya-rishi-parampara or putraparampara. When it is sishya-prasishya-rishi-parampara marriage is not acceptable if half or more than half of the rishis are same in both bride and bridegroom gotras. If it is putraparampara, marriage is totally unacceptable even if one rishi matches.[25] sandilya gotra one a gotra of brahmins.about a month ago · 

Gotra A term applied to a clan, a group of families, or a lineage – exogamous and patrilineal – whose members trace their descent to a common ancestor, usually a sage of ancient times.

A gotra is of immense importance to a Hindu for it shores up his identity. All Hindu ceremonies require a statement of the gotra. A devout Hindu speaks out his gotra and pravara every day in the morning. Gotra also comes of use during the performance of the rites of passage or sanskaras. People of the same gotra (sagotra) are not allowed to marry, to prevent inbreeding. At weddings, the gotra of the bride and the groom are proclaimed aloud to establish that they are not breaking this socially ordained genetic precaution. Marriages between certain gotras are also not allowed; for instance, marriages between those of the Vasishtha and Vishvamitra gotras are not permitted. This is because these two sages were opponents and their descendants are traditional foes.

In olden times, every gotra had a definite task to perform. Thus every Veda had priests of specific gotras for their narration and teaching. Certain sacrifices require priests of a specific gotra only.

There are 49 established Hindu gotras. All members of a particular gotra are believed to possess certain common characteristics by way of nature or profession. Many theories have been propounded to explain this system. According to the brahminical theory, the Brahmins are the direct descendants of seven or eight sages who are believed to be the mind-born sons of Brahma. They are Gautama, Bharadvaja, Vishvamitra, Jamadagni, Vasishtha, Kashyapa and Atri. To this list, Agastya is also sometimes added. These eight sages are called gotrakarins from whom all the 49 gotras (especially of the Brahmins) have evolved. For instance, from Atri sprang the Atreya and Gavisthiras gotras. According to this theory, the Kshatriyas and Vaishyas do not have a gotra and are to Gotraspeak out the gotras of their Purohita during the various ceremonies. However according to some Kshatriyas and Vaishyas, they are also descendants of these sages. Because of this, many a time a Brahmin, Kshatriya and a Vaishya claim the same gotra. The members of a gotra however need not necessarily be blood relations, but could be spiritual inheritors or descendants of a guru’s pupils.

Among the Kshatriyas, Rajputs claim to be the direct descendants of the Sun (Suryavanshi), the moon (Chandravanshi) or the fire (Agnikula). They are also divided into numerous clans, each bearing the name of some great ancestor. Similarly every caste and class of the Hindus is divided into many clans.

In olden times the members of the brahminical gotras had certain characteristic features distinguishing them from the others: the Bhargavas had their heads shaven, the Angirasas wore five braids and so on.

Gotra closely connected with the concept of gotra is that of pravara which is the invocation of Agni by the name of the ancestral sage of whichever Brahmin consecrates the sacrificial fire. As a rule, there are not more than four or five sages in one pravara. Two gotras having a common pravara are not allowed to marry. For instance those of the Kashyapa and Shandilya gotras cannot intermarry because they share the same sage, Asita, in their pravaras.

Abhivada, the formal proclamation of one’s ancestry, is only enjoined upon ‘twice-born’ (see also Upanayanam) males. It includes not just the gotra and pravara but, for a Brahmin, the Veda to which he ‘belongs’, the Sutra or Vedic interpretation favored by his gotra and finally his own name. It is said with the thumb behind the ears, in the traditional gesture of invoking ancestors. Today’s great classical musicians invoke their gurus similarly before beginning a concert.

Vasishtha, Maitra – Varuna, Kaundinya Trayarishiya gotre, Apastambha sutra, Yajushtagadhyayi, Sri Parashuraman Sharmana aham asmiboho. In the Rig-Veda (see Veda), the word gotra means a ‘cowpen’. In the Vedic period, marriage within the family was a common occurrence. The term gotra was used in its present sense for the first time in the Brahmanas. It was systematised by about the 4th century BC to accommodate changed social rules and laws and by the time of the Sutras, it was a well-established system. Even today almost all families abide by its rules.

 Now on Modern day thinking if I add my 2 cents worth of opinion on subject is If we take 1 and divide in to Half i.e 1/ .5 what we get after ten generation is negligible portion.

Let me describe it in detail. One man and One woman. who tie holy matrimony and start Family, They have Kids either Baby Boy or Baby Girl who marries now let us go back to original man who mixed his blood or lineage with Woman, In modern time X and Y and new generation is born.

Now if you divide like that what is significance of Gotra after 10 generation ? is a Million Dollar question to be asked.

Any one wants to throw light on subject and enlighten me. I shall really appreciate it..

We Brahmins are Educated clan and have always been smart in our out of Box thinking and approach.

Isn’t it time to have modern aproch so our society can benefit and we can progress.

Please read my article on VARNA VYAVASTHA / CAST ARRANGEMENTS. written in webdunia.com which is English translation of original Hindi article on subject.

Hinduism: Age of the earth according to Vedic chronology


Hinduism:
Age of the earth according to Vedic chronology
“The Hindu religion is the only one of the world’s great faiths dedicated to the idea that the Cosmos itself undergoes an immense, indeed an infinite, number of deaths and rebirths. It is the only religion in which the time scales correspond, to those of modern scientific cosmology. Its cycles run from our ordinary day and night to a day and night of Brahma, 8.64 billion years long. Longer than the age of the Earth or the Sun and about half the time since the Big Bang. And there are much longer time scales still.”

“A millennium before Europeans were willing to divest themselves of the Biblical idea that the world was a few thousand years old, the Mayans were thinking of millions and the Hindus billions.”
Dr. Carl Sagan, (1934-1996) famous astrophysicist
According to Vedic chronology, Hinduism describes the age of the earth in detail. Details can be found in the Bhagwat Maha Purana or Bhagwatam.

Our earth is part of a material manifestation called a brahmanda, a group of interrelated but separate regions or abodes called lokas, each conditioned by its respective quality of material time and space. In other words, what would be equivalent to one year in one of these lokas may be correspond to 12,000 of our earth years.

Most of our brahmandais subtle and imperceptible to us. Our earth planet is part of this configuration. A brahmanda is basically comprised of one planetary system with an earth inhabited by living beings, a sun and the above described regions.

According to the chronology of Hinduism, the divine personality who creates this with God’s grace and who oversees it is called “Brahma” (the creator). This is a seat or position located in the subtle or celestial regions of a brahmanda (Brahma – name of the creator), anda – his spherical creation, literally ‘egg’.)

In one galaxy, there is an inestimable number of brahmandas (earth planet + other interrelated and subtle abodes) and their corresponding Brahmas.

The supreme creator or original inspiration for the creation of the entire universe is God.

How old is the earth? The earth came into existence with Brahma and will exist as long as he does. As long as Brahma lives, his creation continues to exist. When his term ends, this brahamanda will enter into absolute dissolution.

In between, there are periodic episodes of dissolution and creation of a lesser order, in which the earth enters a period of dormancy, when all life ends, but is again restored. Brahma is the personality that observes and maintains this schedule.

A soul incarnates in a particular brahmanda and remains there until its end. After this, that soul will enter another brahmanda. This has happened eternally for all the souls and will continue eternally. Only the soul who becomes liberated from maya is exempted from this.

We can calculate the age of the earth from the age of Brahma. The Vedic chronology of Hinduism uses a base unit of calculation called a chaturyugi. This is comprised of 4 yugas (periods of time). Their lengths and corresponding names are:

1,728,000 years = sat yuga

1,296,000 = treta yuga

864,000 = dwapar yuga

432,000 = kali yuga

——————————————————————————–

4,320,000 years = one charturyugi (one 4-yuga cycle)

——————————————————————————–

1000 chaturyugis = one day of Brahma

1000 chaturyugis = one night of Brahma

8,640,000,000 years = one full day (24 hours) of Brahma

100 celestial years = age that Brahma lives to

50 celestial years = Brahma’s current age, or,

155.5 trillion years = the current age of this earth

OM
%d bloggers like this: