Happy Birthday to Swami Vivekanand


Today is Swami Vivekanand’s 150th birthday.

Swamiji was a lion who roared on the soil of India and gave back to the Indians the self respect which they had lost under years of foreign rule and a systematic attack on their cultural values.

In the course of a short life of thirty-nine years (1863-1902), of which only ten were devoted to public activities, Swamiji travelled twice to the West, studied scriptures, wrote four classics – Jnana-Yoga, Bhakti-Yoga, Karma-Yoga, and Raja-Yoga, established Sri Ramakrishna Math, Sri Ramakrishna Mission, Advaita Ashram, wrote inspirational articles and letters, delivered innumerable lectures, composed numerous poems, and acted as spiritual guide to the many seekers who came to him for instruction.

I join my fellow countrymen to salute this great Sanyaasi.

With great pleasure I have to inform you that on January 15 I have been invited by Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Sector 62, Noida to deliver a talk on Swami Vivekanand. It is a matter of great honour for me, and I feel humbled.

Standing tall between two giants – Swami Vivekanand and Sri Aurobindo – what more could have I asked for!

Hindu Festivals


Subject: Hindu Calendar For 21 Years..!
A TREASURE FOR HINDUS…..

Hindu Calendar For 21 Years..!

Very useful Hindu Calendar
for next 21 years..
past… present… And Future
festivals rituals all !

FINALLY, A LINK FOR ALL HINDU FOLLOWERS…
EASY CALENDAR LOOK UP
SAVE THIS LINK.

http://www.hinduism.co.za/hindu.htm#Hindu%20Festivals2008

======= Understanding Hinduism

Hindu Festivals 2031
Hindu Festivals till the end of year 2031

Click on underscored words to click-jump

Hindu Festivals 2000 Hindu Festivals 2001

Hindu Festivals 2002 Hindu Festivals2003

Hindu Festivals 2004 Hindu Festivals 2005

Hindu Festivals 2006 Hindu Festivals 2007

Hindu Festivals 2008 Hindu Festivals 2009

Hindu Festivals 2010 Hindu Festivals 2011

Hindu Festivals 2012 Hindu Festivals 2013

Hindu Festivals 2014 Hindu Festivals 2015

Hindu Festivals 2016 Hindu Festivals 2017

Hindu Festivals 2018 Hindu Festivals 2019

Hindu Festivals 2020 Hindu Festivals 2021

Hindu Festivals 2022 Hindu Festivals 2023
Hindu Festivals 2024 Hindu Festivals 2025

Hindu Festivals 2026 Hindu Festivals 2027

Hindu Festivals 2028 Hindu Festivals 2029

Hindu Festivals 2030 Hindu Festivals 2031

(Vikram Year 2056)

Hindu Festivals 2000
Makarsankranti<;Click for info Friday 14-01-2000
Vasant Panchami <;click info Thursday 10-02-2000
Maha Shivaratri <;click for info Saturday 04-03-2000
Holi <;click for information Sunday 19-03-2000
Hindi New Year Wednesday 05-04-2000
Ramayana Week Wednesday 05-04-2000
To Wednesday 12-04-2000
Ramanavami <;click for info Wednesday 12-04-2000
Hanuman Jayanti <;click info Tuesday 18-04-2000
Raksha-Bandhan<;click info Tuesday 15-08-2000
Krishna Janmashthami<;info Wednesday 23-08-2000
Ganesh Chauth<;click for info Friday 01-09-2000
Pitr-paksha <;click for info Wednesday 13-09-2000
To Wednesday 27-09-2000
Navaratri <;click for information Thursday 28-09-2000
To Friday 06-10-2000
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 05-10-2000
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera)
click for info Saturday 07-10-2000
Deepavali – (Diwali) <;click for information Thursday 26-10-2000
Vikram New Year 2057 Friday 27-10-2000
Buddha Purnima
Guru Purnima

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2057)

Hindu Festivals 2001
Makarsankranti <;click info Sunday 14-01-2001
Vasant panchami Monday 29-01-2001
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 21-02-2001
Holi <;click for information Friday 09-03-2001
Hindi New Year Monday 26-03-2001
Ramayana Week Monday 26-03-2001
To Monday 02-04-2001
Ramanavami Monday 02-04-2001
Hanuman Jayanti Sunday 08-04-2001
Raksha-Bandhan Saturday 04-08-2001
Krishna Janmashthami<;info Sunday 12-08-2001
Ganesh Chauth<;click info Wednesday 22-08-2001
Pitr-Paksha Sunday 02-09-2001
To Monday 17-09-2001
Adhik Maas -Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Tuesday 18-09-2001
To Tuesday 16-10-2001
Navaratri Wednesday 17-10-2001
To Thursday 25-10-2001
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 25-10-2001
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) Friday 26-10-2001
Deepavali – (Diwali) Wednesday 14-11-2001
Vikram New Year 2058 Thursday 15-11-2001
Buddha Purnima Monday 07-05-2001 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima Thursday 05-07-2001 Purnima Asadha

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles:
Moon Calendar

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2058)

Hindu Festivals 2002
Makarsankranti<;click info Monday 14-01-2002
Vasant panchami <;info Sunday 17-02-2002
Maha Shivaratri <; info Wednesday 13-03-2002
Holi <;click for information Thursday 28-03-2002
Hindi New Year Saturday 13-04-2002
Ramayana Week Saturday 13-04-2002
To Sunday 21-04-2002
Ramanavami <;information Sunday 21-04-2002
Hanuman Jayanti <;info Saturday 27-04-2002
Raksha-Bandhan <;info Thursday 22-08-2002
Krishna Janmashthami Friday (Smarta)
Saturday (Vaishnav)

30-08-2002
31-08-2002

Krishna Janmashthami Saturday 31-08-2002
Ganesh Chauth<;click info Tuesday 10-09-2002
Pitr-Paksha Saturday 21-09-2002
To Sunday 06-10-2002
Navaratri <;click for info Monday 07-10-2002
To Tuesday 15-10-2002
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 13-10-2002
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 15-10-2002
Deepavali -(Diwali) <;info Monday 04-11-2002
Vikram New Year 2059 Tuesday 05-11-2002
Buddha Purnima Sunday 26-05-2002 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima Wednesday 24-07-2002 Purnima Asadha
Easter Sunday 31-03-2002

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles
Moon Calendar 2002

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2059)

Hindu Festivals
2003
Makarsankranti<;click information Tuesday 14-01-2003
Vasant panchami <;info Thursday 06-02-2003
Maha Shivaratri <; info Saturday 01-03-2003
Holi <;click for information Monday 17-03-2003
Hindi New Year Wednesday 02-04-2003
Ramayana Week Wednesday 02-04-2003
To Friday 11-04-2003
Ramanavami <;information Friday 11-04-2003
Hanuman Jayanti <;info Wednesday 16-04-2003
Raksha-Bandhan <;info Tuesday 12-08-2003
Krishna Janmashthami <;info Wednesday 20-08-2003
Ganesh Chauth <;click info Sunday 31-08-2003
Pitr-Paksha <;information Wednesday 10-09-2003
To Friday 26-09-2003
Navaratri <;click for info Saturday 27-09-2003
To Saturday 04-10-2003
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 02-10-2003
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) <;info vSunday 05-10-2003
Deepavali -(Diwali) <;info Saturday 25-10-2003
Vikram New Year 2060 Sunday 26-10-2003
Buddha Purnima Friday 16-05-2003 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima <;info Sunday 13-07-2003 Purnima Asadha
Easter Sunday 20-04-2003

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles:
Moon Calendar

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2060)

Hindu Festivals 2004
Makarsankranti Wednesday 14-01-2004
Vasant Panchami Monday 26-01-2004
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 18-02-2004
Holi Saturday 06-03-2004
Hindi New Year Sunday 21-03-2004
Ramayana Week Sunday 21-03-2004
To Tuesday 30-03-2004
Ramanavami Tuesday 30-03-2004
Hanuman Jayanti Monday 05-04-2004
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Sunday 18-07-2004
To Monday 16-08-2004
Raksha-Bandhan Monday 30-08-2004
Krishna Jayanti Monday 06-09-2004
Ganesh Chauth Saturday 18-09-2004
Pitr-Paksha Tuesday 28-09-2004
To Wednesday 13-10-2004
Navaratri Thursday 14-10-2004
To Friday 22-10-2004
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 21-10-2004
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) Friday 22-10-2004
Deepavali – (Diwali) Friday 12-11-2004
Vikram New Year 2061 Saturday 13-11-2004
Buddha Purnima Tuesday 04-05-2004 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima <;info Friday 02-07-2004 Purnima Asadha
Easter Sunday 11-04-2004

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles:
Moon Calendar

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2061)

Hindu Festivals 2005
Makarsankranti Friday 14-01-2005
Vasant Panchami Sunday 13-02-2005
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 08-03-2005
Holi Friday 25-03-2005
Hindi New Year Saturday 09-04-2005
Ramayana Week Saturday 09-04-2005
To Monday 18-04-2005
Ramanavami Monday 18-04-2005
Hanuman Jayanti Sunday 24-04-2005
Raksha-Bandhan Friday 19-08-2005
Krishna Jayanti Saturday 27-08-2005
Ganesh Chauth Wednesday 07-09-2005
Pitr-Paksha Sunday 18-09-2005
To Monday 03-10-2005
Navaratri Tuesday 04-10-2005
To Wednesday 12-10-2005
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Tuesday 11-10-2005
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 12-10-2005
Deepavali – (Diwali) Tuesday 01-11-2005
Vikram New Year 2062 Wednesday 02-11-2005
Buddha Purnima Monday 23-05-2005 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima Thursday 21-07-2005 Purnima Asadha
Easter Sunday 27-03-2005

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles:
Moon Calendar

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2062)

Hindu Festivals
2006
Makar Sakranti Saturday 14-01-2006
Vasant Panchami Thursday 02-02-2006
Maha Shivaratri Sunday 26-02-2006
Holi (Begins on Tuesday
Celebrations on Wednesday) Full Moon
Tuesday)
Wednesday
14-03-2006
15-03-2006
Hindi New Year Thursday 30-03-2006
Ramayana Week Thursday 30-03-2006
To Thursday 06-04-2006
Ramanavami Thursday 06-04-2006
Hanuman Jayanti Thursday 13-04-2006
Raksha Bandhan Wednesday 04-08-2006
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 16-08-2006
Ganesh Chaturthi Sunday 27-08-2006
Pitr-paksha Friday 08-09-2006
To Friday 22-09-2006
Navaratri Saturday 23-09-2006
To Sunday 01-10-2006
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Friday
Saturday 29-09-2006
30-09-2006
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Monday 02-10-2006
Deepavali (Diwali) Saturday 21-10-2006
Vikram New Year 2063 Sunday 22-10-2006
Buddha Purnima Saturday 13-05-2006 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima Tuesday 11-07-2006 or Purnima Asadha
" " Monday 10-07-2006
Easter Sunday 16-04-2006

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles:
Moon Calendar

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2063)

Hindu Festivals
2007
Makar Sakranti Sunday 14-01-2007
Vasant Panchami Tuesday 23-01-2007
Maha Shivaratri Friday 16-02-2007
Holi (Begins on Sat.
Celebrations on Sunday)
Full Moon
Saturday
Sunday
03-03-2007
04-03-2007
Hindi New Year Monday 19-03-2007
Ramayana Week Monday 19-03-2007
To Tuesday 27-03-2007
Ramanavami Tuesday 27-03-2007
Hanuman Jayanti Monday 02-04-2007
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Thursday 17-05-2007
To Friday 15-06-2007
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday 28-08-2007
Krishna Janmashthami Tuesday 04-09-2007
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 15-09-2007
Pitr-paksha Thursday 27-09-2007
To Thursday 11-10-2007
Navaratri Friday 12-10-2007
To Saturday 20-10-2007
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday
Friday 18-10-2007
19-10-2007
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 21-10-2007
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 09-11-2007
Vikram New Year 2064 Saturday 10-11-2007
Buddha Purnima Wednesday 02-05-2007
Guru Purnima Sunday 29-07-2007
Easter Sunday 08-04-2007

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2064)

Hindu Festivals
2008
Makar Sakranti Monday 14-01-2008
Vasant Panchami Monday 11-02-2008
Maha Shivaratri Thursday 06-03-2008
Holi (Begins on Friday.
Celebrations on
Saturday) Full Moon
Friday
Saturday
21-03-2008
22-03-2008
Hindi New Year Sunday 06-04-2008
Ramayana Week Sunday 06-04-2008
To Monday 14-04-2008
Ramanavami Monday 14-04-2008
Hanuman Jayanti Sunday 20-04-2008
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 16-08-2008
Krishna Janmashthami Sunday 24-08-2008
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 03-09-2008
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 16-09-2008
To Monday 29-09-2008
Navaratri Tuesday 30-09-2008
To Wednesday 08-10-2008
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Monday
Tuesday
06-10-2008
07-10-2008
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Thursday 09-10-2008
Deepavali (Diwali) Tuesday 28-10-2008
Vikram New Year 2065 Wednesday 29-10-2008
Buddha Purnima Monday 19-05-2008
Guru Purnima Friday 18-07-2008
Easter Sunday 23-03-2008

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2065)

Hindu Festivals
2009
Makar Sakranti Wednesday 14-01-2009
Vasant Panchami Saturday 31-01-2009
Maha Shivaratri Monday 23-02-2009
Holi Wednesday 11-03-2009
Hindi New Year Friday 27-03-2009
Ramayana Week Friday 27-03-2009
To Friday 03-04-2009
Ramanavami Friday 03-04-2009
Hanuman Jayanti Thursday 09-04-2009
Raksha Bandhan Wednesday 05-08-2009
Krishna Janmashthami Friday 14-08-2009
Ganesh Chaturthi Sunday 23-08-2009
Pitr-paksha Saturday 05-09-2009
To Friday 18-09-2009
Navaratri Saturday 19-09-2009
To Sunday 27-09-2009
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Friday
Saturday 25-09-2009
26-09-2009
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Monday 28-09-2009
Deepavali (Diwali) Saturday 17-10-2009
Vikram New Year 2066 Sunday 18-10-2009
Buddha Purnima Friday 08-05-2009
Guru Purnima Tuesday 07-07-2009
Easter Sunday 12-04-2009

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2066)

Hindu Festivals
2010
Makar Sakranti Thursday 14-01-2010
Vasant Panchami Wednesday 20-01-2010
Maha Shivaratri Friday 12-02-2010
Holi (Begins on Sunday
Celebrate on Monday) Sunday
Monday 28-02-2010
01-03-2010
Hindi New Year Tuesday 16-03-2010
Ramayana Week Tuesday 16-03-2010
To Wednesday 24-03-2010
Ramanavami Wednesday 24-03-2010
Hanuman Jayanti
Celebrate on Tuesday Monday
Tuesday 29-03-2010
30-03-2010
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Thursday 15-04-2010
To Friday 14-05-2010
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday 24-08-2010
Krishna Janmashthami Thursday 02-09-2010
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 11-09-2010
Pitr-paksha Friday 24-09-2010
To Thursday 07-10-2010
Navaratri Friday 08-10-2010
To Saturday 16-10-2010
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday
Friday 14-10-2010
15-10-2010
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 17-10-2010
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 05-11-2010
Vikram New Year 2067 Saturday 06-11-2010
Buddha Purnima Thursday 27-05-2010
Guru Purnima Sunday 25-07-2010
Easter Sunday 04-04-2010

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2067)

Hindu Festivals
2011
Makar Sakranti Friday 14-01-2011
Vasant Panchami Tuesday 08-02-2011
Maha Shivaratri Thursday 03-03-2011
Holi (Begins on Sat. Celebrate on Sunday) Saturday
Sunday 19-03-2011
20-03-2011
Hindi New Year Monday 04-04-2011
Ramayana Week Monday 04-04-2011
To Tuesday 12-04-2011
Ramanavami Tuesday 12-04-2011
Hanuman Jayanti
Celebrate on Monday Sunday
Monday 17-04-2011
18-04-2011
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 13-08-2011
Krishna Janmashthami Monday 22-08-2011
Ganesh Chaturthi Thursday 01-09-2011
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 13-09-2011
To Tuesday 27-09-2011
Navaratri Wednesday 28-09-2011
To Wednesday 05-10-2011
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Monday
Tuesday 03-10-2011
04-10-2011
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Thursday 06-10-2011
Deepavali (Diwali) Wednesday 26-10-2011
Vikram New Year 2068 Thursday 27-10-2011
Buddha Purnima Tuesday 17-05-2011
Guru Purnima Friday 15-07-2011
Easter Sunday 24-04-2011

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2068)

Hindu Festivals
2012
Makar Sakranti Saturday 14-01-2012
Vasant Panchami Saturday 28-01-2012
Maha Shivaratri Monday 20-02-2012
Holi Thursday 08-03-2012
Hindi New Year Friday 23-03-2012
Ramayana Week Friday 23-03-2012
To Sunday 01-04-2012
Ramanavami Sunday 01-04-2012
Hanuman Jayanti Friday 06-04-2012
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 02-08-2012
Krishna Janmashthami Friday 10-08-2012
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Saturday 18-08-2012
To Sunday 16-09-2012
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 19-09-2012
Pitr- paksha Sunday 30-09-2012
To Monday 15-10-2012
Navaratri Tuesday 16-10-2012
To Tuesday 23-10-2012
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 21-10-2012
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 24-10-2012
Deepavali (Diwali) Tuesday 13-11-2012
Vikram New Year 2069 Wednesday 14-11-2012
Buddha Purnima Sunday 06-05-2012 or
" " Saturday 05-05-2012
Guru Purnima Tuesday 03-07-2012

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2069)

Hindu Festivals
2013
Makar Sakranti Monday 14-01-2013
Vasant Panchami Friday 15-02-2013
Maha Shivaratri Sunday 10-03-2013
Holi Wednesday 27-03-2013
Hindi New Year Thursday 11-04-2013
Ramayana Week Thursday 11-04-2013
To Saturday 20-04-2013
Ramanavami Saturday 20-04-2013
Hanuman Jayanti Thursday 25-04-2013
Raksha Bandhan
or Wednesday
Tuesday 21-08-2013
20-08-2013
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 28-08-2013
Ganesh Chaturthi Monday 09-09-2013
Pitr-paksha Friday 20-09-2013
To Friday 04-10-2013
Navaratri Saturday 05-10-2013
To Sunday 13-10-2013
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Friday 11-10-2013
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Monday 14-10-2013
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 03-11-2013
Vikram New Year 2070 Monday 04-11-2013
Buddha Purnima Saturday 25-05-2013
Guru Purnima Monday 22-07-2013

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2070)

Hindu Festivals
2014
Makar Sakranti Tuesday 14-01-2014
Vasant Panchami Tuesday 04-02-2014
Maha Shivaratri Friday 28-02-2014
Holi Monday 17-03-2014
Hindi New Year Monday 31-03-2014
Ramayana Week Monday 31-03-2014
To Tuesday 08-04-2014
Ramanavami Tuesday 08-04-2014
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 15-04-2014
Raksha Bandhan Sunday 10-08-2014
Krishna Janmashthami Sunday 17-08-2014
Ganesh Chaturthi Friday 29-08-2014
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 09-09-2014
To Wednesday 24-09-2014
Navaratri Thursday 25-09-2014
To Friday 03-10-2014
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Wednesday 01-10-2014
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Saturday 04-10-2014
Deepavali (Diwali) Thursday 23-10-2014
Vikram New Year 2071 Friday 24-10-2014
Buddha Purnima Wednesday 14-05-2014
Guru Purnima Saturday 12-07-2014

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

(Vikram Year 2071)

Hindu Festivals
2015
Makar Sakranti Wednesday 14-01-2015
Vasant Panchami Saturday 24-01-2015
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 17-02-2015
Holi Friday 06-03-2015
Hindi New Year Saturday 21-03-2015
Ramayana Week Saturday 21-03-2015
To Saturday 28-03-2015
Ramanavami Saturday 28-03-2015
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 04-04-2015
Raksha Bandhan Sunday 29-08-2015
Krishna Janmashthami Saturday 05-09-2015
Ganesh Chaturthi Thursday 17-09-2015
Pitr-paksha Monday 28-09-2015
To Monday 12-10-2015
Navaratri Tuesday 13-10-2015
To Wednesday 21-10-2015
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Tuesday 20-10-2015
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Thursday 22-10-2015
Deepavali (Diwali) Wednesday 11-11-2015
Vikram New Year 2072 Thursday 12-11-2015
Buddha Purnima Sunday 03-05-2015
Guru Purnima Friday 31-07-2015

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2072)

Hindu Festivals
2016
Makar Sakranti Thursday 14-01-2016
Vasant Panchami Friday 12-02-2016
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 08-03-2016
Holi Wednesday 23-03-2016
Hindi New Year Friday 08-04-2016
Ramayana Week Friday 08-04-2016
To Friday 15-04-2016
Ramanavami Friday 15-04-2016
Hanuman Jayanti Friday 22-04-2016
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 18-08-2016
Krishna Janmashthami Thursday 25-08-2016
Ganesh Chaturthi Monday 05-09-2016
Pitr-paksha Saturday 17-09-2016
To Friday 30-09-2016
Navaratri Saturday 01-10-2016
To Monday 10-10-2016
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Saturday 08-10-2016
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 11-10-2016
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 30-10-2016
Vikram New Year 2073 Monday 31-10-2016
Buddha Purnima Saturday 21-05-2016
Guru Purnima Tuesday 19-07-2016

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2073)

Hindu Festivals
2017
Makar Sakranti Saturday 14-01-2017
Vasant Panchami Wednesday 01-02-2017
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 25-02-2017
Holi Monday 13-03-2017
Hindi New Year Tuesday 28-03-2017
Ramayana Week Tuesday 28-03-2017
To Wednesday 05-04-2017
Ramanavami Wednesday 05-04-2017
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 11-04-2017
Raksha Bandhan Monday 07-08-2017
Krishna Janmashthami Tuesday 15-08-2017
Ganesh Chaturthi Friday 25-08-2017
Pitr-paksha Thursday 07-09-2017
To Wednesday 20-09-2017
Navaratri Thursday 21-09-2017
To Friday 29-09-2017
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Wednesday 27-09-2017
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Saturday 30-09-2017
Deepavali (Diwali) Thursday 19-10-2017
Vikram New Year 2074 Friday 20-10-2017

Buddha Purnima Wednesday 10-05-2017
Guru Purnima Saturday 08-07-2017

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2074)

Hindu Festivals
2018
Makar Sakranti Sunday 14-01-2018
Vasant Panchami Monday 22-01-2018
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 14-02-2018
Holi Friday 02-03-2018
Hindi New Year Sunday 18-03-2018
Ramayana Week Sunday 18-03-2018
To Monday 26-03-2018
Ramanavami Monday 26-03-2018
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 31-03-2018
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Wednesday 16-05-2018
To Wednesday 13-06-2018
Raksha Bandhan Sunday 26-08-2018
Krishna Janmashthami Monday 03-09-2018
Ganesh Chaturthi Thursday 13-09-2018
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 25-09-2018
To Monday 08-10-2018
Navaratri Tuesday 09-10-2018
To Thursday 18-10-2018
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Tuesday 16-10-2018
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Friday 19-10-2018
Deepavali (Diwali) Wednesday 07-11-2018
Vikram New Year 2075 Thursday 08-11-2018
Buddha Purnima Sunday 29-04-2018
Guru Purnima Friday 27-07-2018

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
===================

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2075)

Hindu Festivals
2019
Makar Sakranti Monday 14-01-2019
Vasant Panchami Sunday 10-02-2019
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 05-03-2019
Holi Thursday 21-03-2019
Hindi New Year Saturday 06-04-2019
Ramayana Week Saturday 06-04-2019
To Sunday 14-04-2019
Ramanavami Sunday 14-04-2019
Hanuman Jayanti Friday 19-04-2019
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 15-08-2019
Krishna Janmashthami
Friday
Saturday 23-08-2019
24-08-2019
Ganesh Chaturthi Monday 02-09-2019
Pitr-paksha Saturday 14-09-2019
To Saturday 28-09-2019
Navaratri Sunday 29-09-2019
To Monday 07-10-2019
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Saturday 05-10-2019
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 08-10-2019
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 27-10-2019
Vikram New Year 2076 Monday 28-10-2019
Buddha Purnima Saturday 18-05-2019
Guru Purnima Tuesday 16-07-2019

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
===================

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2076)

Hindu Festivals
2020
Makar Sakranti Tuesday 14-01-2020
Vasant Panchami Thursday 30-01-2020
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 22-02-2020
Holi Tuesday 10-03-2020
Hindi New Year Wednesday 25-03-2020
Ramayana Week Wednesday 25-03-2020
To Thursday 02-04-2020
Ramanavami Thursday 02-04-2020
Hanuman Jayanti Wednesday 08-04-2020
Raksha Bandhan Monday 03-08-2020
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 12-08-2020
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 22-08-2020
Pitr-paksha Thursday 03-09-2020
To Thursday 17-09-2020
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Friday 18-09-2020
To Friday 16-10-2020
Navaratri Saturday 17-10-2020
To Saturday 24-10-2020
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 22-10-2020
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 25-10-2020
Deepavali (Diwali) Saturday 14-11-2020
Vikram New Year 2077 Sunday 15-11-2020
Buddha Purnima Thursday 07-05-2020
Guru Purnima Sunday 05-07-2020

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2077)

Hindu Festivals
2021
Makar Sakranti Thursday 14-01-2021
Vasant Panchami Tuesday 16-02-2021
Maha Shivaratri Friday 12-03-2021
Holi Monday 29-03-2021
Hindi New Year Tuesday 13-04-2021
Ramayana Week Tuesday 13-04-2021
To Wednesday 21-04-2021
Ramanavami Wednesday 21-04-2021
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 27-04-2021
Raksha Bandhan Sunday 22-08-2021
Krishna Janmashthami Monday 30-08-2021
Ganesh Chaturthi Friday 10-09-2021
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 21-09-2021
To Wednesday 06-10-2021
Navaratri Thursday 07-10-2021
To Thursday 14-10-2021
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Tuesday 12-10-2021
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Friday 15-10-2021
Deepavali (Diwali) Thursday 04-11-2021
Vikram New Year 2078 Friday 05-11-2021
Buddha Purnima Wednesday 26-05-2021
Guru Purnima Saturday 24-07-2021

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
===================

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2078)

Hindu Festivals
2022
Makar Sakranti Friday 14-01-2022
Vasant Panchami Saturday 05-02-2022
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 01-03-2022
Holi Friday 18-03-2022
Hindi New Year Saturday 02-04-2022
Ramayana Week From Saturday 02-04-2022
To Sunday 10-04-2022
Ramanavami Sunday 10-04-2022
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 16-04-2022
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 11-08-2022
Krishna Janmashthami Friday 19-08-2022
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 31-08-2022
Pitr-paksha From Sunday 11-09-2022
To Sunday 25-09-2022
Navaratri From Monday 26-09-2022
To Tuesday 04-10-2022
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 02-10-2022
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 05-10-2022
Deepavali (Diwali) Monday 24-10-2022
Vikram New Year 2079 Tuesday 25-10-2022
Buddha Purnima Monday 16-05-2022
Guru Purnima Wednesday 13-07-2022

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
===================
Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2079)

Hindu Festivals
2023
Makar Sakranti Saturday 14-01-2023
Vasant Panchami Thursday 26-01-2023
Maha Shivaratri Sunday 19-02-2023
Holi Wednesday 08-03-2023
Hindi New Year Wednesday 22-03-2023
Ramayana Week From Wednesday 22-03-2023
To Thursday 30-03-2023
Ramanavami Thursday 30-03-2023
Hanuman Jayanti Thursday 06-04-2023
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Tuesday 18-07-2023
To Wednesday 16-08-2023
Raksha Bandhan Wednesday 30-08-2023
Krishna Janmashthami Thursday 07-09-2023
Ganesh Chaturthi Tuesday 19-09-2023
Pitr-paksha From Saturday 30-09-2023
To Saturday 14-10-2023
Navaratri From Sunday 15-10-2023
To Monday 23-10-2023
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Saturday 21-10-2023
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 24-10-2023
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 12-11-2023
Vikram New Year 2080 Monday 13-11-2023
Buddha Purnima Friday 05-05-2023
Guru Purnima Monday 03-07-2023

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============
Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2080)

Hindu Festivals
2024
Makar Sakranti Sunday 14-01-2024
Vasant Panchami Wednesday 14-02-2024
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 09-03-2024
Holi Monday 25-03-2024
Hindi New Year Tuesday 09-04-2024
Ramayana Week Tuesday 09-04-2024
To Wednesday 17-04-2024
Ramanavami Wednesday 17-04-2024
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 23-04-2024
Raksha Bandhan Monday 19-08-2024
Krishna Janmashthami Monday 26-08-2024
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 07-09-2024
Pitr-paksha Wednesday 18-09-2024
To Wednesday 02-10-2024
Navaratri Thursday 03-10-2024
To Saturday 12-10-2024
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 10-10-2024
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 13-10-2024
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 01-11-2024
Vikram New Year 2081 Saturday 02-11-2024
Buddha Purnima Thursday 23-05-2024
Guru Purnima Sunday 21-07-2024

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============
Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2081)

Hindu Festivals
2025
Makar Sakranti Tuesday 14-01-2025
Vasant Panchami Sunday 02-02-2025
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 26-02-2025
Holi Friday 14-03-2025
Hindi New Year Sunday 30-03-2025
Ramayana Week From Sunday 30-03-2025
To Sunday 06-04-2025
Ramanavami Sunday 06-04-2025
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 12-04-2025
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 09-08-2025
Krishna Janmashthami Saturday 16-08-2025
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 27-08-2025
Pitr-paksha From Monday 08-09-2025
To Sunday 21-09-2025
Navaratri From Monday 22-09-2025
To Wednesday 01-10-2025
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Monday 29-09-2025
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Thursday 02-10-2025
Deepavali (Diwali) Tuesday 21-10-2025
Vikram New Year 2082 Wednesday 22-10-2025
Buddha Purnima Monday 12-05-2025
Guru Purnima Thursday 10-07-2025

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2082)

Hindu Festivals
2026
Makar Sakranti Wednesday 14-01-2026
Vasant Panchami Friday 23-01-2026
Maha Shivaratri Monday 16-02-2026
Holi Tuesday 03-03-2026
Hindi New Year Thursday 19-03-2026
Ramayana Week Thursday 19-03-2026
To Friday 27-03-2026
Ramanavami Friday 27-03-2026
Hanuman Jayanti Wednesday 01-04-2026
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Sunday 17-05-2026
To Monday 15-06-2026
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 27-08-2026
Krishna Janmashthami Friday 04-09-2026
Ganesh Chaturthi Monday 14-09-2026
Pitr-paksha Sunday 27-09-2026
To Saturday 10-10-2026
Navaratri Sunday 11-10-2026
To Tuesday 20-10-2026
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 18-10-2026
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 21-10-2026
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 08-11-2026
Vikram New Year 2083 Monday 09-11-2026
Buddha Purnima Friday 01-05-2026
Guru Purnima Wednesday 29-07-2026

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2083)

Hindu Festivals
2027
Makar Sakranti Thursday 14-01-2027
Vasant Panchami Thursday 11-02-2027
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 06-03-2027
Holi Monday 22-03-2027
Hindi New Year Wednesday 07-04-2027
Ramayana Week Wednesday 07-04-2027
To Thursday 15-04-2027
Ramanavami Thursday 15-04-2027
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 20-04-2027
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday 17-08-2027
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 25-08-2027
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 04-09-2027
Pitr-paksha Thursday 16-09-2027
To Wednesday 29-09-2027
Navaratri Thursday 30-09-2027
To Friday 08-10-2027
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Wednesday 06-10-2027
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Saturday 09-10-2027
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 29-10-2027
Vikram New Year 2084 Saturday 30-10-2027
Buddha Purnima Thursday 20-05-2027
Guru Purnima Sunday 18-07-2027

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2084)

Hindu Festivals
2028
Makar Sakranti Friday 14-01-2028
Vasant Panchami Monday 31-01-2028
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 23-02-2028
Holi Saturday 11-03-2028
Hindi New Year Monday 27-03-2028
Ramayana Week Monday 27-03-2028
To Monday 03-04-2028
Ramanavami Monday 03-04-2028
Hanuman Jayanti Sunday 09-04-2028
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 05-08-2028
Krishna Janmashthami Sunday 13-08-2028
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 23-08-2028
Pitr-paksha Monday 04-09-2028
To Monday 18-09-2028
Navaratri Tuesday 19-09-2028
To Tuesday 26-09-2028
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 24-09-2028
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 27-09-2028
Deepavali (Diwali) Tuesday 17-10-2028
Vikram New Year 2085 Wednesday 18-10-2028
Buddha Purnima Monday 08-05-2028
Guru Purnima Friday 06-07-2028

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2085)

Hindu Festivals
2029
Makar Sakranti Sunday 14-01-2029
Vasant Panchami Friday 19-01-2029
Maha Shivaratri Sunday 11-02-2029
Holi Thursday 01-03-2029
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Friday 16-03-2029
To Friday 13-04-2029
Hindi New Year Saturday 14-04-2029
Ramayana Week From Saturday 14-04-2029
To Monday 23-04-2029
Ramanavami Monday 23-04-2029
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 28-04-2029
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 23-08-2029
Krishna Janmashthami Saturday 01-09-2029
Ganesh Chaturthi Tuesday 11-09-2029
Pitr-paksha From Sunday 23-09-2029
To Sunday 07-10-2029
Navaratri From Monday 08-10-2029
To Monday 15-10-2029
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Saturday 13-10-2029
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 16-10-2029
Deepavali (Diwali) Monday 05-11-2029
Vikram New Year 2086 Tuesday 06-11-2029
Buddha Purnima Sunday 27-05-2029
Guru Purnima Wednesday 25-07-2029

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2086)

Hindu Festivals
2030
Makar Sakranti Monday 14-01-2030
Vasant Panchami Thursday 07-02-2030
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 02-03-2030
Holi Wednesday 20-03-2030
Hindi New Year Wednesday 03-04-2030
Ramayana Week From Wednesday 03-04-2030
To Friday 12-04-2030
Ramanavami Friday 12-04-2030
Hanuman Jayanti Wednesday 17-04-2030
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday 13-08-2030
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 21-08-2030
Ganesh Chaturthi Sunday 01-09-2030
Pitr-paksha From Thursday 12-09-2030
To Friday 27-09-2030
Navaratri From Saturday 28-09-2030
To Saturday 05-10-2030
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 03-10-2030
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 06-10-2030
Deepavali (Diwali) Saturday 26-10-2030
Vikram New Year 2087 Sunday 27-10-2030
Buddha Purnima Friday 17-05-2030
Guru Purnima Sunday 14-07-2030

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2087)

Hindu Festivals
2031
Makar Sakranti Tuesday 14-01-2031
Vasant Panchami Monday 27-01-2031
Maha Shivaratri Thursday 20-02-2031
Holi Sunday 09-03-2031
Hindi New Year Sunday 23-03-2031
Ramayana Week From Sunday 23-03-2031
To Monday 01-04-2031
Ramanavami Monday 01-04-2031
Hanuman Jayanti Monday 07-04-2031
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 02-08-2031
Krishna Janmashthami Sunday 10-08-2031
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Tuesday 19-08-2031
To Tuesday 16-09-2031
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 20-09-2031
Pitr-paksha From Wednesday 01-10-2031
To Thursday 16-10-2031
Navaratri From Friday 17-10-2031
To Friday 24-10-2031
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Wednesday 22-10-2031
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Saturday 25-10-2031
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 14-11-2031
Vikram New Year 2088 Saturday 15-11-2031
Buddha Purnima Tuesday 06-05-2031
Guru Purnima Friday 04-07-2031

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
============

The post मनुस्मृति और शूद्र appeared first on Agniveer.


latest updates from
Agniveer

Published 07/20/2012
मनुस्मृति और शूद्र
Jul 19, 2012 06:22 pm | Arya Musafir

Original post in English is available at http://agniveer.com/manu-smriti-and-shudras/

भारत में आज अनेक संकट छाये हुए हैं – भ्रष्टाचार, आतंकवाद, कट्टरवाद, धर्मांतरण, नैतिक अध : पतन, अशिक्षा, चरमरायी हुई स्वास्थ्य व्यवस्था, सफ़ाई की समस्या वगैरह – वगैरह | पर इन सभी से ज्यादा भयावह है – जन्मना जातिवाद और लिंग भेद | क्योंकि यह दो मूलभूत समस्याएँ ही बाकी समस्याओं को पनपने में मदद करती हैं | यह दो प्रश्न ही हमारे भूत और वर्तमान की समस्त आपदाओं का मुख्य कारण हैं | इन को मूल से ही नष्ट नहीं किया तो हमारा उज्जवल भविष्य सिर्फ़ एक सपना बनकर रह जाएगा क्योंकि एक समृद्ध और समर्थ समाज का अस्तित्व जाति प्रथा और लिंग भेद के साथ नहीं हो सकता |

यह भी गौर किया जाना चाहिए कि जाति भेद और लिंग भेद केवल हिन्दू समाज की ही समस्याएँ नहीं हैं किन्तु यह दोनों सांस्कृतिक समस्याएँ हैं | लिंग भेद सदियों से वैश्विक समस्या रही है और जाति भेद दक्षिण एशिया में पनपी हुई, सभी धर्मों और समाजों को छूती हुई समस्या है | चूँकि हिन्दुत्व सबसे प्राचीन संस्कृति और सभी धर्मों का आदिस्रोत है, इसी पर व्यवस्था को भ्रष्ट करने का आक्षेप मढ़ा जाता है | यदि इन दो कुप्रथाओं को हम ढोते रहते हैं तो समाज इतना दुर्बल हो जाएगा कि विभिन्न सम्प्रदायों और फिरकों में बिखरता रहेगा जिससे देश कमजोर होगा और टूटेगा |

अपनी कमजोरी और विकृतियों के बारे में हमने इतिहास से कोई शिक्षा नहीं ली है | आज की तारीख़ में भी कुछ शिक्षित और बुद्धिवादी कहे जाने वाले लोग इन दो कुप्रथाओं का समर्थन करते हैं – यह आश्चर्य की बात है | जन्म से ही ऊँचेपन का भाव इतना हावी है कि वह किसी समझदार को भी पागल बना दे | इस वैचारिक संक्रमण से ग्रस्त कुछ लोग आज हिन्दुत्व के विद्वानों और नेतागणों में भी गिने जा रहे हैं | अनजान बनकर यह लोग इन कुप्रथाओं का समर्थन करने के लिए प्राचीन शास्त्रों का हवाला देते हैं जिस में समाज व्यवस्था देनेवाली प्राचीनतम मनुस्मृति को सबसे अधिक केंद्र बनाया जाता है | वेदों को भी इस कुटिलता में फंसाया गया, जिसका खंडन हम http://agniveer.com/series/caste-series/ में कर चुके हैं |

मनुस्मृति जो सृष्टि में नीति और धर्म ( कानून) का निर्धारण करने वाला सबसे पहला ग्रंथ माना गया है उस को घोर जाति प्रथा को बढ़ावा देने वाला भी बताया जा रहा है |आज स्थिति यह है कि मनुस्मृति वैदिक संस्कृति की सबसे अधिक विवादित पुस्तकों में है | पूरा का पूरा दलित आन्दोलन ‘ मनुवाद ‘ के विरोध पर ही खड़ा हुआ है |

मनु जाति प्रथा के समर्थकों के नायक हैं तो दलित नेताओं ने उन्हें खलनायक के सांचे में ढाल रखा है | पिछड़े तबकों के प्रति प्यार का दिखावा कर स्वार्थ की रोटियां सेकने के लिए ही अग्निवेश और मायावती जैसे बहुत से लोगों द्वारा मनुस्मृति जलाई जाती रही है | अपनी विकृत भावनाओं को पूरा करने के लिए नीची जातियों पर अत्याचार करने वाले, एक सींग वाले विद्वान राक्षस के रूप में भी मनु को चित्रित किया गया है | हिन्दुत्व और वेदों को गालियां देने वाले कथित सुधारवादियों के लिए तो मनुस्मृति एक पसंदीदा साधन बन गया है| विधर्मी वायरस पीढ़ियों से हिन्दुओं के धर्मांतरण में इससे फ़ायदा उठाते आए हैं जो आज भी जारी है | ध्यान देने वाली बात यह है कि मनु की निंदा करने वाले इन लोगों ने मनुस्मृति को कभी गंभीरता से पढ़ा भी है कि नहीं |

दूसरी ओर जातीय घमंड में चूर और उच्चता में अकड़े हुए लोगों के लिए मनुस्मृति एक ऐसा धार्मिक ग्रंथ है जो उन्हें एक विशिष्ट वर्ग में नहीं जन्में लोगों के प्रति सही व्यवहार नहीं करने का अधिकार और अनुमति देता है| ऐसे लोग मनुस्मृति से कुछ एक गलत और भ्रष्ट श्लोकों का हवाला देकर जातिप्रथा को उचित बताते हैं पर स्वयं की अनुकूलता और स्वार्थ के लिए यह भूलते हैं कि वह जो कह रहे हैं उसे के बिलकुल विपरीत अनेक श्लोक हैं |

इन दोनों शक्तियों के बीच संघर्ष ने आज भारत में निचले स्तर की राजनीति को जन्म दिया है |भारतवर्ष पर लगातार पिछले हजार वर्षों से होते आ रहे आक्रमणों के लिए भी यही जिम्मेदार है| सदियों तक नरपिशाच,गोहत्यारे और पापियों से यह पावन धरती शासित रही| यह अतार्किक जातिप्रथा ही १९४७ में हमारे देश के बंटवारे का प्रमुख कारण रही है| कभी विश्वगुरु और चक्रवर्ती सम्राटों का यह देश था | आज भी हम में असीम क्षमता और बुद्धि धन है फ़िर भी हम समृद्धि और सामर्थ्य की ओर अपने देश को नहीं ले जा पाए और निर्बल और निराधार खड़े हैं – इस का प्रमुख कारण यह मलिन जाति प्रथा है| इसलिए मनुस्मृति की सही परिपेक्ष्य में जाँच – परख़ अत्यंत आवश्यक हो जाती है |

मनुस्मृति पर लगाये जाने वाले तीन मुख्य आक्षेप :

१. मनु ने जन्म के आधार पर जातिप्रथा का निर्माण किया |

२. मनु ने शूद्रों के लिए कठोर दंड का विधान किया और ऊँची जाति खासकर ब्राह्मणों के लिए विशेष प्रावधान रखे |

३. मनु नारी का विरोधी था और उनका तिरस्कार करता था | उसने स्त्रियों के लिए पुरुषों से कम अधिकार का विधान किया |

आइये अब मनुस्मृति के साक्ष्यों पर ही हम इन आक्षेपों की समीक्षा करें | इस लेख में हम पहले आरोप – मनु द्वारा जन्म आधारित जाति प्रथा के निर्माण पर विचार करेंगे |

पाठकों से निवेदन है कि वे http://agniveer.com/series/caste-series/को पढ़ें ताकि ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय, वैश्य और शूद्र के सही अर्थों को समझ सकें |

मनुस्मृति और जाति व्यवस्था :

मनुस्मृति उस काल की है जब जन्मना जाति व्यवस्था के विचार का भी कोई अस्तित्व नहीं था | अत: मनुस्मृति जन्मना समाज व्यवस्था का कहीं भी समर्थन नहीं करती | महर्षि मनु ने मनुष्य के गुण- कर्म – स्वभाव पर आधारित समाज व्यवस्था की रचना कर के वेदों में परमात्मा द्वारा दिए गए आदेश का ही पालन किया है (देखें – ऋग्वेद-१०.१०.११-१२, यजुर्वेद-३१.१०-११, अथर्ववेद-१९.६.५-६) |

यह वर्ण व्यवस्था है | वर्ण शब्द “वृञ” धातु से बनता है जिसका मतलब है चयन या चुनना और सामान्यत: प्रयुक्त शब्द वरण भी यही अर्थ रखता है | जैसे वर अर्थात् कन्या द्वारा चुना गया पति, जिससे पता चलता है कि वैदिक व्यवस्था कन्या को अपना पति चुनने का पूर्ण अधिकार देती है |

मनुस्मृति में वर्ण व्यवस्था को ही बताया गया है और जाति व्यवस्था को नहीं इसका सबसे बड़ा प्रमाण यह है कि मनुस्मृति के प्रथम अध्याय में कहीं भी जाति या गोत्र शब्द ही नहीं है बल्कि वहां चार वर्णों की उत्पत्ति का वर्णन है | यदि जाति या गोत्र का इतना ही महत्त्व होता तो मनु इसका उल्लेख अवश्य करते कि कौनसी जाति ब्राह्मणों से संबंधित है, कौनसी क्षत्रियों से, कौनसी वैश्यों और शूद्रों से |

इस का मतलब हुआ कि स्वयं को जन्म से ब्राह्मण या उच्च जाति का मानने वालों के पास इसका कोई प्रमाण नहीं है | ज्यादा से ज्यादा वे इतना बता सकते हैं कि कुछ पीढ़ियों पहले से उनके पूर्वज स्वयं को ऊँची जाति का कहलाते आए हैं | ऐसा कोई प्रमाण नहीं है कि सभ्यता के आरंभ से ही यह लोग ऊँची जाति के थे | जब वह यह साबित नहीं कर सकते तो उनको यह कहने का क्या अधिकार है कि आज जिन्हें जन्मना शूद्र माना जाता है, वह कुछ पीढ़ियों पहले ब्राह्मण नहीं थे ? और स्वयं जो अपने को ऊँची जाति का कहते हैं वे कुछ पीढ़ियों पहले शूद्र नहीं थे ?

मनुस्मृति ३.१०९ में साफ़ कहा है कि अपने गोत्र या कुल की दुहाई देकर भोजन करने वाले को स्वयं का उगलकर खाने वाला माना जाए | अतः मनुस्मृति के अनुसार जो जन्मना ब्राह्मण या ऊँची जाति वाले अपने गोत्र या वंश का हवाला देकर स्वयं को बड़ा कहते हैं और मान-सम्मान की अपेक्षा रखते हैं उन्हें तिरस्कृत किया जाना चाहिए |

मनुस्मृति २. १३६: धनी होना, बांधव होना, आयु में बड़े होना, श्रेष्ठ कर्म का होना और विद्वत्ता यह पाँच सम्मान के उत्तरोत्तर मानदंड हैं | इन में कहीं भी कुल, जाति, गोत्र या वंश को सम्मान का मानदंड नहीं माना गया है |

वर्णों में परिवर्तन :

मनुस्मृति १०.६५: ब्राह्मण शूद्र बन सकता और शूद्र ब्राह्मण हो सकता है | इसी प्रकार क्षत्रिय और वैश्य भी अपने वर्ण बदल सकते हैं |

मनुस्मृति ९.३३५: शरीर और मन से शुद्ध- पवित्र रहने वाला, उत्कृष्ट लोगों के सानिध्य में रहने वाला, मधुरभाषी, अहंकार से रहित, अपने से उत्कृष्ट वर्ण वालों की सेवा करने वाला शूद्र भी उत्तम ब्रह्म जन्म और द्विज वर्ण को प्राप्त कर लेता है |

मनुस्मृति के अनेक श्लोक कहते हैं कि उच्च वर्ण का व्यक्ति भी यदि श्रेष्ट कर्म नहीं करता, तो शूद्र (अशिक्षित) बन जाता है |

उदाहरण-

२.१०३: जो मनुष्य नित्य प्रात: और सांय ईश्वर आराधना नहीं करता उसको शूद्र समझना चाहिए |

२.१७२: जब तक व्यक्ति वेदों की शिक्षाओं में दीक्षित नहीं होता वह शूद्र के ही समान है |

४.२४५ : ब्राह्मण- वर्णस्थ व्यक्ति श्रेष्ट – अति श्रेष्ट व्यक्तियों का संग करते हुए और नीच- नीचतर व्यक्तिओं का संग छोड़कर अधिक श्रेष्ट बनता जाता है | इसके विपरीत आचरण से पतित होकर वह शूद्र बन जाता है | अतः स्पष्ट है कि ब्राह्मण उत्तम कर्म करने वाले विद्वान व्यक्ति को कहते हैं और शूद्र का अर्थ अशिक्षित व्यक्ति है | इसका, किसी भी तरह जन्म से कोई सम्बन्ध नहीं है |

२.१६८: जो ब्राह्मण,क्षत्रिय या वैश्य वेदों का अध्ययन और पालन छोड़कर अन्य विषयों में ही परिश्रम करता है, वह शूद्र बन जाता है | और उसकी आने वाली पीढ़ियों को भी वेदों के ज्ञान से वंचित होना पड़ता है | अतः मनुस्मृति के अनुसार तो आज भारत में कुछ अपवादों को छोड़कर बाकी सारे लोग जो भ्रष्टाचार, जातिवाद, स्वार्थ साधना, अन्धविश्वास, विवेकहीनता, लिंग-भेद, चापलूसी, अनैतिकता इत्यादि में लिप्त हैं – वे सभी शूद्र हैं |

२ .१२६: भले ही कोई ब्राह्मण हो, लेकिन अगर वह अभिवादन का शिष्टता से उत्तर देना नहीं जानता तो वह शूद्र (अशिक्षित व्यक्ति) ही है |

शूद्र भी पढ़ा सकते हैं :

शूद्र भले ही अशिक्षित हों तब भी उनसे कौशल और उनका विशेष ज्ञान प्राप्त किया जाना चाहिए |

२.२३८: अपने से न्यून व्यक्ति से भी विद्या को ग्रहण करना चाहिए और नीच कुल में जन्मी उत्तम स्त्री को भी पत्नी के रूप में स्वीकार कर लेना चाहिए|

२.२४१ : आवश्यकता पड़ने पर अ-ब्राह्मण से भी विद्या प्राप्त की जा सकती है और शिष्यों को पढ़ाने के दायित्व का पालन वह गुरु जब तक निर्देश दिया गया हो तब तक करे |

ब्राह्मणत्व का आधार कर्म :

मनु की वर्ण व्यवस्था जन्म से ही कोई वर्ण नहीं मानती | मनुस्मृति के अनुसार माता- पिता को बच्चों के बाल्यकाल में ही उनकी रूचि और प्रवृत्ति को पहचान कर ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय या वैश्य वर्ण का ज्ञान और प्रशिक्षण प्राप्त करने के लिए भेज देना चाहिए |

कई ब्राह्मण माता – पिता अपने बच्चों को ब्राह्मण ही बनाना चाहते हैं परंतु इस के लिए व्यक्ति में ब्रह्मणोचित गुण, कर्म,स्वभाव का होना अति आवश्यक है| ब्राह्मण वर्ण में जन्म लेने मात्र से या ब्राह्मणत्व का प्रशिक्षण किसी गुरुकुल में प्राप्त कर लेने से ही कोई ब्राह्मण नहीं बन जाता, जब तक कि उसकी योग्यता, ज्ञान और कर्म ब्रह्मणोचित न हों |

२.१५७ : जैसे लकड़ी से बना हाथी और चमड़े का बनाया हुआ हरिण सिर्फ़ नाम के लिए ही हाथी और हरिण कहे जाते हैं वैसे ही बिना पढ़ा ब्राह्मण मात्र नाम का ही ब्राह्मण होता है |

२.२८: पढने-पढ़ाने से, चिंतन-मनन करने से, ब्रह्मचर्य, अनुशासन, सत्यभाषण आदि व्रतों का पालन करने से, परोपकार आदि सत्कर्म करने से, वेद, विज्ञान आदि पढने से, कर्तव्य का पालन करने से, दान करने से और आदर्शों के प्रति समर्पित रहने से मनुष्य का यह शरीर ब्राह्मण किया जाता है |

शिक्षा ही वास्तविक जन्म :

मनु के अनुसार मनुष्य का वास्तविक जन्म विद्या प्राप्ति के उपरांत ही होता है | जन्मतः प्रत्येक मनुष्य शूद्र या अशिक्षित है | ज्ञान और संस्कारों से स्वयं को परिष्कृत कर योग्यता हासिल कर लेने पर ही उसका दूसरा जन्म होता है और वह द्विज कहलाता है | शिक्षा प्राप्ति में असमर्थ रहने वाले शूद्र ही रह जाते हैं |

यह पूर्णत: गुणवत्ता पर आधारित व्यवस्था है, इसका शारीरिक जन्म या अनुवांशिकता से कोई लेना-देना नहीं है|

२.१४८ : वेदों में पारंगत आचार्य द्वारा शिष्य को गायत्री मंत्र की दीक्षा देने के उपरांत ही उसका वास्तविक मनुष्य जन्म होता है | यह जन्म मृत्यु और विनाश से रहित होता है |ज्ञानरुपी जन्म में दीक्षित होकर मनुष्य मुक्ति को प्राप्त कर लेता है| यही मनुष्य का वास्तविक उद्देश्य है| सुशिक्षा के बिना मनुष्य ‘ मनुष्य’ नहीं बनता|

इसलिए ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय, वैश्य होने की बात तो छोडो जब तक मनुष्य अच्छी तरह शिक्षित नहीं होगा तब तक उसे मनुष्य भी नहीं माना जाएगा |

२.१४६ : जन्म देने वाले पिता से ज्ञान देने वाला आचार्य रूप पिता ही अधिक बड़ा और माननीय है, आचार्य द्वारा प्रदान किया गया ज्ञान मुक्ति तक साथ देता हैं | पिताद्वारा प्राप्त शरीर तो इस जन्म के साथ ही नष्ट हो जाता है|

२.१४७ : माता- पिता से उत्पन्न संतति का माता के गर्भ से प्राप्त जन्म साधारण जन्म है| वास्तविक जन्म तो शिक्षा पूर्ण कर लेने के उपरांत ही होता है|

अत: अपनी श्रेष्टता साबित करने के लिए कुल का नाम आगे धरना मनु के अनुसार अत्यंत मूर्खतापूर्ण कृत्य है | अपने कुल का नाम आगे रखने की बजाए व्यक्ति यह दिखा दे कि वह कितना शिक्षित है तो बेहतर होगा |

१०.४: ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय और वैश्य, ये तीन वर्ण विद्याध्ययन से दूसरा जन्म प्राप्त करते हैं | विद्याध्ययन न कर पाने वाला शूद्र, चौथा वर्ण है | इन चार वर्णों के अतिरिक्त आर्यों में या श्रेष्ट मनुष्यों में पांचवा कोई वर्ण नहीं है |

इस का मतलब है कि अगर कोई अपनी शिक्षा पूर्ण नहीं कर पाया तो वह दुष्ट नहीं हो जाता | उस के कृत्य यदि भले हैं तो वह अच्छा इन्सान कहा जाएगा | और अगर वह शिक्षा भी पूरी कर ले तो वह भी द्विज गिना जाएगा | अत: शूद्र मात्र एक विशेषण है, किसी जाति विशेष का नाम नहीं |

‘नीच’ कुल में जन्में व्यक्ति का तिरस्कार नहीं :

किसी व्यक्ति का जन्म यदि ऐसे कुल में हुआ हो, जो समाज में आर्थिक या अन्य दृष्टी से पनप न पाया हो तो उस व्यक्ति को केवल कुल के कारण पिछड़ना न पड़े और वह अपनी प्रगति से वंचित न रह जाए, इसके लिए भी महर्षि मनु ने नियम निर्धारित किए हैं |

४.१४१: अपंग, अशिक्षित, बड़ी आयु वाले, रूप और धन से रहित या निचले कुल वाले, इन को आदर और / या अधिकार से वंचित न करें | क्योंकि यह किसी व्यक्ति की परख के मापदण्ड नहीं हैं|

प्राचीन इतिहास में वर्ण परिवर्तन के उदाहरण :

ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय,वैश्य और शूद्र वर्ण की सैद्धांतिक अवधारणा गुणों के आधार पर है, जन्म के आधार पर नहीं | यह बात सिर्फ़ कहने के लिए ही नहीं है, प्राचीन समय में इस का व्यवहार में चलन था | जब से इस गुणों पर आधारित वैज्ञानिक व्यवस्था को हमारे दिग्भ्रमित पुरखों ने मूर्खतापूर्ण जन्मना व्यवस्था में बदला है, तब से ही हम पर आफत आ पड़ी है जिस का सामना आज भी कर रहें हैं|

वर्ण परिवर्तन के कुछ उदाहरण –

(a) ऐतरेय ऋषि दास अथवा अपराधी के पुत्र थे | परन्तु उच्च कोटि के ब्राह्मण बने और उन्होंने ऐतरेय ब्राह्मण और ऐतरेय उपनिषद की रचना की | ऋग्वेद को समझने के लिए ऐतरेय ब्राह्मण अतिशय आवश्यक माना जाता है |

(b) ऐलूष ऋषि दासी पुत्र थे | जुआरी और हीन चरित्र भी थे | परन्तु बाद में उन्होंने अध्ययन किया और ऋग्वेद पर अनुसन्धान करके अनेक अविष्कार किये |ऋषियों ने उन्हें आमंत्रित कर के आचार्य पद पर आसीन किया | (ऐतरेय ब्राह्मण २.१९)

(c) सत्यकाम जाबाल गणिका (वेश्या) के पुत्र थे परन्तु वे ब्राह्मणत्व को प्राप्त हुए |

(d) राजा दक्ष के पुत्र पृषध शूद्र हो गए थे, प्रायश्चित स्वरुप तपस्या करके उन्होंने मोक्ष प्राप्त किया | (विष्णु पुराण ४.१.१४)
अगर उत्तर रामायण की मिथ्या कथा के अनुसार शूद्रों के लिए तपस्या करना मना होता तो पृषध ये कैसे कर पाए?

(e) राजा नेदिष्ट के पुत्र नाभाग वैश्य हुए | पुनः इनके कई पुत्रों ने क्षत्रिय वर्ण अपनाया | (विष्णु पुराण ४.१.१३)

(f) धृष्ट नाभाग के पुत्र थे परन्तु ब्राह्मण हुए और उनके पुत्र ने क्षत्रिय वर्ण अपनाया | (विष्णु पुराण ४.२.२)

(g) आगे उन्हींके वंश में पुनः कुछ ब्राह्मण हुए | (विष्णु पुराण ४.२.२)

(h) भागवत के अनुसार राजपुत्र अग्निवेश्य ब्राह्मण हुए |

(i) विष्णुपुराण और भागवत के अनुसार रथोतर क्षत्रिय से ब्राह्मण बने |

(j) हारित क्षत्रियपुत्र से ब्राह्मण हुए | (विष्णु पुराण ४.३.५)

(k) क्षत्रियकुल में जन्में शौनक ने ब्राह्मणत्व प्राप्त किया | (विष्णु पुराण ४.८.१) वायु, विष्णु और हरिवंश पुराण कहते हैं कि शौनक ऋषि के पुत्र कर्म भेद से ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय, वैश्य और शूद्र वर्ण के हुए| इसी प्रकार गृत्समद, गृत्समति और वीतहव्य के उदाहरण हैं |

(l) मातंग चांडालपुत्र से ब्राह्मण बने |

(m) ऋषि पुलस्त्य का पौत्र रावण अपने कर्मों से राक्षस बना |

(n) राजा रघु का पुत्र प्रवृद्ध राक्षस हुआ |

(o) त्रिशंकु राजा होते हुए भी कर्मों से चांडाल बन गए थे |

(p) विश्वामित्र के पुत्रों ने शूद्र वर्ण अपनाया | विश्वामित्र स्वयं क्षत्रिय थे परन्तु बाद उन्होंने ब्राह्मणत्व को प्राप्त किया |

(q) विदुर दासी पुत्र थे | तथापि वे ब्राह्मण हुए और उन्होंने हस्तिनापुर साम्राज्य का मंत्री पद सुशोभित किया |

(r) वत्स शूद्र कुल में उत्पन्न होकर भी ऋषि बने (ऐतरेय ब्राह्मण २.१९) |

(s) मनुस्मृति के प्रक्षिप्त श्लोकों से भी पता चलता है कि कुछ क्षत्रिय जातियां, शूद्र बन गईं | वर्ण परिवर्तन की साक्षी देने वाले यह श्लोक मनुस्मृति में बहुत बाद के काल में मिलाए गए हैं | इन परिवर्तित जातियों के नाम हैं – पौण्ड्रक, औड्र, द्रविड, कम्बोज, यवन, शक, पारद, पल्हव, चीन, किरात, दरद, खश |

(t) महाभारत अनुसन्धान पर्व (३५.१७-१८) इसी सूची में कई अन्य नामों को भी शामिल करता है – मेकल, लाट, कान्वशिरा, शौण्डिक, दार्व, चौर, शबर, बर्बर|

(u) आज भी ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय, वैश्य और दलितों में समान गोत्र मिलते हैं | इस से पता चलता है कि यह सब एक ही पूर्वज, एक ही कुल की संतान हैं | लेकिन कालांतर में वर्ण व्यवस्था गड़बड़ा गई और यह लोग अनेक जातियों में बंट गए |

शूद्रों के प्रति आदर :

मनु परम मानवीय थे| वे जानते थे कि सभी शूद्र जानबूझ कर शिक्षा की उपेक्षा नहीं कर सकते | जो किसी भी कारण से जीवन के प्रथम पर्व में ज्ञान और शिक्षा से वंचित रह गया हो, उसे जीवन भर इसकी सज़ा न भुगतनी पड़े इसलिए वे समाज में शूद्रों के लिए उचित सम्मान का विधान करते हैं | उन्होंने शूद्रों के प्रति कभी अपमान सूचक शब्दों का प्रयोग नहीं किया, बल्कि मनुस्मृति में कई स्थानों पर शूद्रों के लिए अत्यंत सम्मानजनक शब्द आए हैं |

मनु की दृष्टी में ज्ञान और शिक्षा के अभाव में शूद्र समाज का सबसे अबोध घटक है, जो परिस्थितिवश भटक सकता है | अत: वे समाज को उसके प्रति अधिक सहृदयता और सहानुभूति रखने को कहते हैं |

कुछ और उदात्त उदाहरण देखें –

३.११२: शूद्र या वैश्य के अतिथि रूप में आ जाने पर, परिवार उन्हें सम्मान सहित भोजन कराए |

३.११६: अपने सेवकों (शूद्रों) को पहले भोजन कराने के बाद ही दंपत्ति भोजन करें |

२.१३७: धन, बंधू, कुल, आयु, कर्म, श्रेष्ट विद्या से संपन्न व्यक्तियों के होते हुए भी वृद्ध शूद्र को पहले सम्मान दिया जाना चाहिए |

मनुस्मृति वेदों पर आधारित :

वेदों को छोड़कर अन्य कोई ग्रंथ मिलावटों से बचा नहीं है | वेद प्रक्षेपों से कैसे अछूते रहे, जानने के लिए ‘ वेदों में परिवर्तन क्यों नहीं हो सकता ? ‘ पढ़ें | वेद ईश्वरीय ज्ञान है और सभी विद्याएँ उसी से निकली हैं | उन्हीं को आधार मानकर ऋषियों ने अन्य ग्रंथ बनाए| वेदों का स्थान और प्रमाणिकता सबसे ऊपर है और उनके रक्षण से ही आगे भी जगत में नए सृजन संभव हैं | अत: अन्य सभी ग्रंथ स्मृति, ब्राह्मण, महाभारत, रामायण, गीता, उपनिषद, आयुर्वेद, नीतिशास्त्र, दर्शन इत्यादि को परखने की कसौटी वेद ही हैं | और जहां तक वे वेदानुकूल हैं वहीं तक मान्य हैं |

मनु भी वेदों को ही धर्म का मूल मानते हैं (२.८-२.११)

२.८: विद्वान मनुष्य को अपने ज्ञान चक्षुओं से सब कुछ वेदों के अनुसार परखते हुए, कर्तव्य का पालन करना चाहिए |

इस से साफ़ है कि मनु के विचार, उनकी मूल रचना वेदानुकूल ही है और मनुस्मृति में वेद विरुद्ध मिलने वाली मान्यताएं प्रक्षिप्त मानी जानी चाहियें |

शूद्रों को भी वेद पढने और वैदिक संस्कार करने का अधिकार :

वेद में ईश्वर कहता है कि मेरा ज्ञान सबके लिए समान है चाहे पुरुष हो या नारी, ब्राह्मण हो या शूद्र सबको वेद पढने और यज्ञ करने का अधिकार है |

देखें – यजुर्वेद २६.१, ऋग्वेद १०.५३.४, निरुक्त ३.८ इत्यादि और http://agniveer.com/series/caste-series/ |

और मनुस्मृति भी यही कहती है | मनु ने शूद्रों को उपनयन ( विद्या आरंभ ) से वंचित नहीं रखा है | इसके विपरीत उपनयन से इंकार करने वाला ही शूद्र कहलाता है |

वेदों के ही अनुसार मनु शासकों के लिए विधान करते हैं कि वे शूद्रों का वेतन और भत्ता किसी भी परिस्थिति में न काटें ( ७.१२-१२६, ८.२१६) |

संक्षेप में –

मनु को जन्मना जाति – व्यवस्था का जनक मानना निराधार है | इसके विपरीत मनु मनुष्य की पहचान में जन्म या कुल की सख्त उपेक्षा करते हैं | मनु की वर्ण व्यवस्था पूरी तरह गुणवत्ता पर टिकी हुई है |

प्रत्येक मनुष्य में चारों वर्ण हैं – ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय, वैश्य और शूद्र | मनु ने ऐसा प्रयत्न किया है कि प्रत्येक मनुष्य में विद्यमान जो सबसे सशक्त वर्ण है – जैसे किसी में ब्राह्मणत्व ज्यादा है, किसी में क्षत्रियत्व, इत्यादि का विकास हो और यह विकास पूरे समाज के विकास में सहायक हो |

अगले लेखों में हम मनु पर थोपे गए अन्य आरोप जैसे शूद्रों के लिए कठोर दंड विधान तथा स्त्री विरोधी होने की सच्चाई को जानेंगे |

लेकिन मनु पाखंडी और आचरणहीनों के लिए क्या कहते हैं, यह भी देख लेते हैं –

४.३०: पाखंडी, गलत आचरण वाले, छली – कपटी, धूर्त, दुराग्रही, झूठ बोलने वाले लोगों का सत्कार वाणी मात्र से भी न करना चाहिए |

जन्मना जाति व्यवस्था को मान्य करने की प्रथा एक सभ्य समाज के लिए कलंक है और अत्यंत छल-कपट वाली, विकृत और झूठी व्यवस्था है | वेद और मनु को मानने वालों को इस घिनौनी प्रथा का सशक्त प्रतिकार करना चाहिए | शब्दों में भी उसके प्रति अच्छा भाव रखना मनु के अनुसार घृणित कृत्य है |

प्रश्न : मनुस्मृति से ऐसे सैंकड़ों श्लोक दिए जा सकते हैं, जिन्हें जन्मना जातिवाद और लिंग-भेद के समर्थन में पेश किया जाता है | क्या आप बतायेंगे कि इन सब को कैसे प्रक्षिप्त माना जाए ?

अग्निवीर: यही तो सोचने वाली बात है कि मनुस्मृति में जन्मना जातिवाद के विरोधी और समर्थक दोनों तरह के श्लोक कैसे हैं ? इस का मतलब मनुस्मृति का गहरे से अध्ययन और परीक्षण किए जाने की आवश्यता है | जो हम अगले लेख में करेंगे, अभी संक्षेप में देखते हैं –

आज मिलने वाली मनुस्मृति में बड़ी मात्रा में मनमाने प्रक्षेप पाए जाते हैं, जो बहुत बाद के काल में मिलाए गए | वर्तमान मनुस्मृति लगभग आधी नकली है| सिर्फ़ मनुस्मृति ही प्रक्षिप्त नहीं है | वेदों को छोड़ कर जो अपनी अद्भुत स्वर और पाठ रक्षण पद्धतियों के कारण आज भी अपने मूल स्वरुप में है | लगभग अन्य सभी सम्प्रदायों के ग्रंथों में स्वाभाविकता से परिवर्तन, मिलावट या हटावट की जा सकती है | जिनमें रामायण, महाभारत, बाइबल, कुरान इत्यादि भी शामिल हैं | भविष्य पुराण में तो मिलावट का सिलसिला छपाई के आने तक चलता रहा |

आज रामायण के तीन संस्करण मिलते हैं – १. दाक्षिणात्य २. पश्चिमोत्तरीय ३. गौडीय और यह तीनों ही भिन्न हैं | गीता प्रेस, गोरखपुर ने भी रामायण के कई सर्ग प्रक्षिप्त नाम से चिन्हित किए हैं | कई विद्वान बालकाण्ड और उत्तरकाण्ड के अधिकांश भाग को प्रक्षिप्त मानते हैं |

महाभारत भी अत्यधिक प्रक्षिप्त हो चुका ग्रंथ है | गरुड़ पुराण ( ब्रह्मकांड १.५४ ) में कहा गया है कि कलियुग के इस समय में धूर्त स्वयं को ब्राह्मण बताकर महाभारत में से कुछ श्लोकों को निकाल रहे हैं और नए श्लोक बना कर डाल रहे हैं |

महाभारत का शांतिपर्व (२६५.९,४) स्वयं कह रहा है कि वैदिक ग्रंथ स्पष्ट रूप से शराब, मछली, मांस का निषेध करते हैं | इन सब को धूर्तों ने प्रचलित कर दिया है, जिन्होंने कपट से ऐसे श्लोक बनाकर शास्त्रों में मिला दिए हैं |

मूल बाइबल जिसे कभी किसी ने देखा हो वह आज अस्तित्व में ही नहीं है | हमने उसके अनुवाद के अनुवाद के अनुवाद ही देखे हैं |

कुरान भी मुहम्मद के उपदेशों की परिवर्तित आवृत्ति ही है, ऐसा कहा जाता है | देखें -http://satyagni.com/3118/miracle-islam/

इसलिए इस में कोई आश्चर्य नहीं होना चाहिए कि मनुस्मृति जो सामाजिक व्यवस्थाओं पर सबसे प्राचीन ग्रंथ है उसमें भी अनेक परिवर्तन किए गए हों | यह सम्भावना अधिक इसलिए है कि मनुस्मृति सर्व साधारण के दैनिक जीवन को, पूरे समाज को और राष्ट्र की राजनीति को प्रभावित करने वाला ग्रंथ रहा है | यदि देखा जाए तो सदियों तक वह एक प्रकार से मनुष्य जाति का संविधान ही रहा है | इसलिए धूर्तों और मक्कारों के लिए मनु स्मृति में प्रक्षेप करने के बहुत सारे प्रलोभन थे |

मनुस्मृति का पुनरावलोकन करने पर चार प्रकार के प्रक्षेप दिखायी देते हैं – विस्तार करने के लिए, स्वप्रयोजन की सिद्धी के लिए, अतिश्योक्ति या बढ़ा- चढ़ा कर बताने के लिए, दूषित करने के लिए| अधिकतर प्रक्षेप सीधे- सीधे दिख ही रहें हैं | डा. सुरेन्द्र कुमार ने मनु स्मृति का विस्तृत और गहन अध्ययन किया है | जिसमें प्रत्येक श्लोक का भिन्न- भिन्न रीतियों से परीक्षण और पृथक्करण किया है ताकि प्रक्षिप्त श्लोकों को अलग से जांचा जा सके | उन्होंने मनुस्मृति के २६८५ में से १४७१ श्लोक प्रक्षिप्त पाए हैं |

प्रक्षेपों का वर्गीकरण वे इस प्रकार करते हैं –

– विषय से बाहर की कोई बात हो |

– संदर्भ से विपरीत हो या विभिन्न हो |

– पहले जो कहा गया, उसके विरुद्ध हो या पूर्वापार सम्बन्ध न हो |

– पुनरावर्तन हो |

– भाषा की विभिन्न शैली और प्रयोग हो |

– वेद विरुद्ध हो |

इसे और अच्छी तरह से समझने के लिए, मनुस्मृति के गहन और निष्पक्ष अध्ययन के लिए डा. सुरेन्द्र कुमार द्वारा लिखित मनुस्मृति (प्रकाशित-आर्ष साहित्य प्रचार ट्रस्ट,दिल्ली) जो http://www.vedicbooks.com पर उपलब्ध है, अवश्य पढ़ें |

डा.सुरेन्द्र कुमार ही नहीं बल्कि बहुत से पाश्चात्य विद्वान जैसे मैकडोनल, कीथ, बुलहर इत्यादि भी मनुस्मृति में मिलावट मानते हैं |

डा. अम्बेडकर भी प्राचीन ग्रंथों में मिलावट स्वीकार करते हैं | वे रामायण, महाभारत, गीता, पुराण और वेदों तक में भी प्रक्षेप मानते हैं |

मनुस्मृति के परस्पर विरोधी, असंगत श्लोकों को उन्होंने कई स्थानों पर दिखाया भी है | वे जानते थे कि मनुस्मृति में कहां -कहां प्रक्षेप हैं | लेकिन वे जानबूझ कर इन श्लोकों को प्रक्षिप्त कहने से बचते रहे क्योंकि उन्हें अपना मतलब सिद्ध करना था | उनके इस पक्षपाती व्यवहार ने उन्हें दलितों का नायक जरूर बना दिया | इस तरह मनुविरोध को बढ़ावा देकर उन्होंने अपना और कई लोगों का राजनीतिक हित साधा | उनकी इस मतान्धता ने समाज में विद्वेष का ज़हर ही घोला है और एक सच्चे नायक मनु को सदा के लिए खलनायक बना दिया |

इसी तरह स्वामी अग्निवेश जो अपने आप को आर्यसमाजी बताते हैं, अपनी अनुकूलता के लिए ही यह भूलते हैं कि महर्षि दयानंद ने जो समाज की रचना का सपना देखा था वह महर्षि मनु की वर्ण व्यवस्था के अनुसार ही था | और उन्होंने प्रक्षिप्त हिस्सों को छोड़ कर अपने ग्रंथों में सर्वाधिक प्रमाण (५१४ श्लोक) मनुस्मृति से दिए हैं | स्वामी अग्निवेश ने भी सिर्फ़ राजनीतिक प्रसिद्धि पाने के लिये ही मनुस्मृति का दहन किया |

निष्कर्ष :

मनुस्मृति में बहुत अधिक मात्रा में मिलावट हुई है | परंतु इस मिलावट को आसानी से पहचानकर अलग किया जा सकता है | प्रक्षेपण रहित मूल मनुस्मृति अत्युत्तम कृति है, जिसकी गुण -कर्म- स्वभाव आधारित व्यवस्था मनुष्य और समाज को बहुत ऊँचा उठाने वाली है |

मूल मनुस्मृति वेदों की मान्यताओं पर आधारित है |

आज मनुस्मृति का विरोध उनके द्वारा किया जा रहा है जिन्होंने मनुस्मृति को कभी गंभीरता से पढ़ा नहीं और केवल वोट बैंक की राजनीति के चलते विरोध कर रहे हैं |

सही मनुवाद जन्मना जाति प्रथा को पूरी तरह नकारता है और इसका पक्ष लेने वाले के लिए कठोर दण्ड का विधान करता है | जो लोग बाकी लोगों से सभी मायनों में समान हैं, उनके लिए, सही मनुवाद ” दलित ” शब्द के प्रयोग के ख़िलाफ़ है |

आइए, हम सब जन्म जातिवाद को समूल नष्ट कर, वास्तविक मनुवाद की गुणों पर आधारित कर्मणा वर्ण व्यवस्था को लाकर मानवता और राष्ट्र का रक्षण करें|

महर्षि मनु जाति, जन्म, लिंग, क्षेत्र, मत- सम्प्रदाय, इत्यादि सबसे मुक्त सत्य धर्म का पालन करने के लिए कहते हैं –

८.१७: इस संसार में एक धर्म ही साथ चलता है और सब पदार्थ और साथी शरीर के नाश के साथ ही नाश को प्राप्त होते हैं, सब का साथ छूट जाता है – परंतु धर्म का साथ कभी नहीं छूटता |

संदर्भ- डा. सुरेन्द्र कुमार, पं.गंगाप्रसाद उपाध्याय और स्वामी दयानंद सरस्वती के कार्य |

अनुवादक- आर्यबाला

The post मनुस्मृति और शूद्र appeared first on Agniveer.

VISIT AGNIVEER

Agniveer Inc
JP/Post Box – 9655
New Delhi 110058
India

Add us to your address book
Copyright (C) 2012 Agniveer Inc All rights reserved.

Religion is not for the weak” – Swami Vivekananda


Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda (Photo credit: On Being)

“Religion is not for the weak” – Swami Vivekananda

via Atanu Dey on India‘s Development

An article on Swami Vivekananda in the Wall Street Journal of 30th March titled, “What Did J.D. Salinger, Leo Tolstoy, and Sarah Bernhardt Have in Common?”

makes for delightful reading. What they had in common was their devotion to Swami Vivekananda, the man who introduced Vedanta and yoga to America.

I did not know that. But anyway, it’s the sort of positive article about a Hindu monk that would give conniptions to the leftist “secular intellectuals” in India.

But the Wall Street Journal does not suffer from the knee-jerk negative reflex of the main stream English language media in India;

the latter would recoil with horror at the mere thought of publishing a laudatory piece about a proud Hindu. Wouldn’t that be tantamount to endorsing — horror of horrors — Hindutva?

Yoga is popular in the US and in many non-Muslim parts of the world. Why it is not popular in the Islamic world is interesting (and more about that later.) An excerpt from the WSJ article:

Although all but forgotten by America’s 20 million would-be yoginis, clad in their finest Lululemon, Vivekananda was the Bengali monk who introduced the word “yoga” into the national conversation.

In 1893, outfitted in a red, flowing turban and yellow robes belted by a scarlet sash, he had delivered a show-stopping speech in Chicago.

The event was the tony Parliament of Religions, which had been convened as a spiritual complement to the World’s Fair, showcasing the industrial and technological achievements of the age.

On its opening day, September 11, Vivekananda, who appeared to be meditating onstage, was summoned to speak and did so without notes.

“Sisters and Brothers of America,” he began, in a sonorous voice tinged with “a delightful slight Irish brogue,” according to one listener, attributable to his Trinity College–educated professor in India. “It fills my heart with joy unspeakable…”

Then something unprecedented happened, presaging the phenomenon decades later that greeted the Beatles (one of whom, George Harrison, would become a lifelong Vivekananda devotee).

The previously sedate crowd of 4,000-plus attendees rose to their feet and wildly cheered the visiting monk, who, having never before addressed a large gathering, was as shocked as his audience. “I thank you in the name of the most ancient order of monks in the world,” he responded, flushed with emotion.

“I thank you in the name of the mother of religions, and I thank you in the name of millions and millions of Hindu people of all classes and sects.”

I feel a kinship to Swami Vivekananda–which arises not merely from my being a Bengali and a Hindu like he was. It’s more of an intellectual kinship that transcends space and time.

Swami ji had the power to move people spiritually and emotionally. I knew that George Harrison was influenced by Indian thought but I did not know that the path lay through Vivekananda:

“No doubt the vast majority of those present hardly knew why they had been so powerfully moved,” Christopher Isherwood wrote a half century later, surmising that a “strange kind of subconscious telepathy” had infected the hall, beginning with Vivekananda’s first words, which have resonated, for some, long after.

Asked about the origins of “My Sweet Lord,” George Harrison replied that “the song really came from Swami Vivekananda, who said, ‘If there is a God, we must see him. And if there is a soul, we must perceive it.’ ”

The teachings of Vedanta are rooted in the Vedas, ancient scriptures going back several thousand years that also inform Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism.

The Vedic texts of the Upanishads enshrine a core belief that God is within and without—that the divine is everywhere.

The Bhagavad Gita (Song of God) is another sacred text or gospel, whereas Hinduism is actually a coinage popularized by Vivekananda to describe a faith of diverse and myriad beliefs.

Vivekananda’s genius was to simplify Vedantic thought to a few accessible teachings that Westerners found irresistible. God was not the capricious tyrant in the heavens avowed by Bible-thumpers, but rather a power that resided in the human heart.

“Each soul is potentially divine,” he promised. “The goal is to manifest that divinity within by controlling nature, external and internal.” And to close the deal for the fence-sitters, he punched up Vedanta’s embrace of other faiths and their prophets.

Christ and Buddha were incarnations of the divine, he said, no less than Krishna and his own teacher, Ramakrishna.

Swami Vivekananda was valued for what he represented — Indian thought — and recognized by some of the brightest minds in America. One of them was Nicola Tesla. A few years ago I came across a wonderful documentary on Tesla. (I will dig up the reference later.) There I got to know that Swami Vivekananda and Tesla had met.

[Sahah] Bernhardt, in fact, introduced him to the electromagnetic scientist Nikola Tesla, who was struck by Vivekananda’s knowledge of physics. Both recognized they had been pondering the same thesis on energy—in different languages.

Vivekanand was keenly interested in the science supporting meditation, and Tesla would cite the monk’s contributions in his pioneering research of electricity. “Mr. Tesla was charmed to hear about the Vedantic prana and akasha and the kalpas [time],”

Vivekananda wrote to a friend. “He thinks he can demonstrate mathematically that force and matter are reducible to potential energy. I am to go to see him next week to get this mathematical demonstration. In that case Vedantic cosmology will be placed on the surest of foundations.” For the monk from Calcutta, there were no inconsistencies between science, evolution and religious belief.

Faith, he wrote, must be based upon direct experience, not religious platitudes.

As I said before, the WSJ piece is quite delightful. But I have one tiny disagreement. It is this:

Vivekananda’s influence bloomed well into the mid-20th century, infusing the work of Mahatma Gandhi, Carl Jung, George Santayana, Jane Addams, Joseph Campbell and Henry Miller, among assorted luminaries.

And then he seemed to go into eclipse in the West. American baby boomers—more disposed to “doing” than “being”—have opted for “hot yoga” classes over meditation.

At some point, perhaps in the 1980s, an ancient, profoundly antimaterialist teaching had morphed into a fitness cult with expensive accessories.

The claim that Vivekananda “infusing the work of Mahatma Gandhi” is untenable. Swami Vivekananda exhorted people to be strong, while Gandhi’s call to Indians (and anyone else who would care to listen) was passivity and resignation. Gandhi told people to surrender passively in the face of evil. India has indeed followed Gandhi’s path and rejected Swamiji’s. Examples of that would fill volumes but let me just point out one simple instance.

Auranzeb was one of the many tyrannical rulers of India who slaughtered Indians wholesale. One of the major thoroughfares of the capital of India prominently bears his name.

One can understand that Pakistan celebrates those who invaded and subjugated India but it is absolutely puzzling to see India do so. Why?

The answer must be because Indians are weak. I believe that the day that Indians throw off the yoke of subjugation will be the day that India embarks on the path to emancipation and freedom.

Weak people don’t have the freedom to take what is best and what is good for them. Instead they are forced to take whatever is least threatening to their overlords.

The English language main stream media of India is what it is because it is filled with weak people doing what they are allowed to do by the neo-colonial rulers of India. An article praising Swami Vivekananda would be unthinkable in the Indian MSM.

Imagine if Vedanta and yoga were to be introduced as part of the curriculum in Indian schools. You bet there would be howls of protests from all corners of India.

Vedanta and yoga — what Swamiji meant by the word “religion” — are not for the weak. The intellectuals and seekers of the West who came in contact with Vivekananda and the message he embodied were strong. They freely drank deep from the well of Indian wisdom.

. . . Christopher Isherwood and his friend Aldous Huxley, who wrote the introduction to the 1942 English-language edition of “The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna,” a firsthand account (originally published in India in 1898) described by Huxley as “the most profound and subtle utterances about the nature of Ultimate Reality.” Nikhilananda, Salinger’s guru, did the translation, with assistance from Huxley, Joseph Campbell and Margaret Wilson, the daughter of the late president.

Huxley and Isherwood were introduced to Vedanta in the Hollywood Hills in the late 1930s by their countryman, the writer Gerald Heard. In a fitting counterpart to the New York Center, the Hollywood Vedanta society was likewise run by a scholarly and charismatic monk, Prabhavananda, who initiated the English trio of writers.

Like Nikhilananda, Prabhavananda was a magnet for the intelligentsia, and his lectures often attracted the likes of Igor Stravinsky, Laurence Olivier, Vivien Leigh and W. Somerset Maugham (and led to his writing “The Razor’s Edge”). Inspired by Isherwood—who briefly lived at the center as a monk—Greta Garbo asked if she too might move in. Told that a monastery accepts only men, Garbo became testy. “That doesn’t matter!” she thumped. “I’ll put on trousers.”

Henry Miller, who made headlines with his torrid and banned “Tropic of Cancer,” visited with Prabhavananda at the Hollywood center, devoured a small library of Vedanta books and settled down in Big Sur in 1944. Throughout his memoir, “The Air Conditioned Nightmare,” Miller invokes Vivekananda as the great sage of the modern age and the consummate messenger to rescue the West from spiritual bankruptcy.

The supreme irony is that India itself needs rescuing from spiritual bankruptcy — all the while when India itself has the world’s largest stock of spiritual capital safely locked away. As they say in Hindi, दिये के नीचे अँधेरा (“it’s dark right under the lamp”.) Perhaps centuries of slavery has robbed Indians of the discriminating faculty and the intelligence to recognize true wealth and wisdom.

Isherwood’s commitment to Vedanta, like Salinger’s, was unswerving and lifelong. Over the next 20 years, he co-translated with Prabhavananda the Bhagavad Gita, Patanjali’s “Yoga Aphorisms” and Shankara’s “Crest Jewel of Discrimination,” and was the author of several books and tracts on Vivekananda and Ramakrishna.

Alright, I have quoted enough from the WSJ piece. It’s a fairly long piece and I recommend it in its entirety. Here’s one last bit from it.

India has scheduled a yearlong party to commemorate the 150th anniversary of Vivekananda’s birth, beginning on January 12, 2013. There will be plenty of readings of his four texts on yoga as a spiritual discipline. Nine volumes chronicle his talks, writings and ruminations, from screeds against child marriage to Milton’s “Paradise Lost” to his pet goats and ducks. But if there were a single takeaway line that boils down his teachings to one spiritual bullet point, it would be “You are not your body.” This might be bad news for the yoga-mat crowd. The good news for beleaguered souls like Salinger was Vivekananda’s corollary: “You are not your mind.”

[Read more on Swami Vivekananda in this blog.]

Things you can do from here:
Subscribe to Atanu Dey on India’s Development using Google Reader
Get started using Google Reader to easily keep up with all your favorite sites

Lessons from the ghost, A Hindu Wisdom


A picture of Vetal hanging by a tree and Vikra...

Image via Wikipedia

Lessons from the ghost

via Devdutt by Devdutt on 1/30/12

Published in First City,  January 2012  

A sorcerer once requested the legendary King Vikramaditya of Ujjain to fetch him a Vetal or ghost that hung upside down, like a bat, from the branches of a tree that stood in the middle of a crematorium

Not wanting to disappoint anyone who approached him, Vikramaditya immediately set out for the crematorium determined to fetch the Vetal.

“Make sure you do not talk to him. If you speak, he will slip away from your grasp,” warned the sorcerer.

Vikramaditya entered the crematorium, found the tree, and the Vetal hanging upside down from its branches. He caught the ghost, pulled it down and made his way back to the city when the ghost started chatting with him, telling him all kinds of things, annoying him, yelling into his ears, cursing him, praising him, anything to make him talk but Vikramaditya refused to succumb to these tricks.

Finally, the Vetal told Vikramaditya a story, a case study one might say, and at the end of it asked the king a question. “If you are indeed the wise Vikramaditya, as you claim to be, you should know the answer to the riddle. But how will I know if you are truly he, unless you speak? And if you choose to stay silent, I am free to assume I have been caught by a commoner, a pretender, a mimic!”

Too arrogant to be called a commoner, the king gave the answer. And it was a brilliant answer, one that made the Vetal gasp in admiration.

And then, he slipped away and went back to hang upside down from the branches of the tree in the middle of the crematorium.

So Vikramaditya had to walk back to the tree once again and pull the Vetal down once again.

Once again, the Vetal told him a story with a question at the end. Once again the Vetal told the king, “If you are indeed the wise Vikramaditya, as you claim to be, you should know the answer to the riddle. But how will I know if you are truly he, unless you speak? And if you choose to stay silent, I am free to assume I have been caught by a commoner, a pretender, a mimic!”

Once again, the arrogant king gave the answer. Once again the Vetal gasped in admiration.

And once again he slipped away.

This happened twenty-four times. The twenty-fifth time, a tired and exasperated Vikramaditya, sighed in relief.

He had succeeded.

“Have you really?” asked the Vetal, “How do you know the answers you gave the previous times were right? Each decision was subjective, not objective. You thought you were right, and so you spoke. Now you are not sure of the answer, and so remain silent. This silence will cost you dear. You will succeed in taking me to the sorcerer who will use his magic to make me his genie and do his bidding. His first order for me will be to kill you.

So you see, Vikramaditya, as long as you kept answering my questions, rightly or wrongly, you were doing yourself a favor. You had to keep chasing me, but you stayed king. Now that you doubt yourself, and stay silent, you are sure to end up dead.”

At the moment of decision-making, decisions are not right or wrong. They are right or wrong only in hindsight.

He who takes decisions proactively, he who is not afraid to let the Vetal slip away, he who knows that life is about solving one problem after another, is Vikramaditya.

To improve decision-making, Vikramaditya has to visit the crematorium where the past hangs upside down like ghosts and confront the Vetal.

This is where learning takes place. This is where he hones his skills.

The Vetal is the mentor, the trainer, the coach, the teacher, the guru, who presents the past as case studies and asks questions in the form of riddles and puzzles.

Does the Vetal know the answer?

Maybe yes, maybe no. It does not matter.

What matters is that Vikramaditya answers the questions and solves the problems.

Every answer, every solution, is subjective; only time will reveal if they are right and wrong.

If Vikramaditya refuses to answer, he will end up destroying himself and his kingdom.

A leader matters only as long as he seeks to solve problems.

Vikramaditya must always go to Vetal; the Vetal must never go to Vikramaditya.

Vetal is Saraswati. Unlike Lakshmi and Durga which can be given, Saraswati cannot be given. She has to be taken.

The crematorium is not a place where business happens, but it is here that the mind is expanded and beliefs are clarified.

It is a place of new ideas, new thoughts, new frameworks, that facilitate decision-making.

The more Vikramaditya visits the crematorium, the more he expands his mind, the more he gains Saraswati and the more attractive he becomes to power and prosperity, Durga and Lakshmi.

The process of gaining Saraswati is two fold.

There is the outer voice called Smriti and the inner voice called Shruti.

Smriti means that which can be remembered hence transmitted. Shruti means that which can only be heard but cannot be transmitted.

What a teacher teaches a student, what is passed on through texts and puzzles and riddles and questions and case studies, is just Smriti. These can be parroted and passed on. These can be mouthed to impress people.

But real learning happens when the aspirant listens to his own voice, the inner voice of his mind.

This is the only voice we hear. This is Shruti.

Only when Smriti provokes Shruti, do we internalize wisdom.

It becomes part of us. When this happens, we do not have to provide references for our knowledge (“This idea comes from that teacher”). We become the source of the knowledge (“This is my idea”).

Books and lectures are Smriti; they can be remembered and passed on.

The reader or listener can allow it to provoke Shruti.

Only when they listen to their inner voice and truly ‘get it’, will this knowledge of the past transform into timeless wisdom.

The way to this is to introspect on it, personalize it, rather than intellectualize it.

Frameworks appear when we see the mirror and are comfortable with the reflection.

As long as frameworks are meant to change the world, not ourselves, Saraswati will remain Vidya-Lakshmi, skill that grants prosperity, but not peace.

We will stay trapped in Swarga, like Indra, eternally on a shaky throne.

We will never find Vaikuntha, where Lakshmi sits at our feet, and we always enjoy the rhythmic swing of the waves.

Every king whose rule extends up to the horizon, the Chakravarti, is no different from the Kupmanduka, the frog in the well.

The walls of his kingdom define his well. However great the size may be, it is but a drop in the canvas of infinity.

 There is always scope to grow, outgrow the animal within, stop chasing Durga and Lakshmi, and make them chase him instead.

For this he has to cut his head.

Vetal cuts the head. Shruti cuts the head.

Cutting of the head is a metaphor for intellectual as well as emotional growth.

Intellectual growth may make us more skilled and less insecure, but it does not enable us to empathize. T

he point is not to be knowledgeable; the point is to be wise.

And in India, wisdom happens when knowledge combines with empathy, gyan with karuna.

When The Lost Brothers Met – Shuddhi Report from Shahjahanpur


ओ३म् O3 m (Aum), considered by the Arya Samaj ...

Image via Wikipedia

http://platform.twitter.com/widgets/hub.1326407570.htmlhttp://seg.sharethis.com/getSegment.php?purl=http%3A%2F%2Fwordpress.com%2F%23post&jsref=&rnd=1328013940913

When The Lost Brothers Met – Shuddhi Report from Shahjahanpur

January 21, 2012 By

(WE ARE POSTING THIS EXTREMELY EMOTIONAL ARTICLE AS IT IS. WE RECEIVED IT ON MAIL FROM ONE OF THE PARTICIPANTS OF GRAND SHUDDHI YAJNA)

Shahjahanpur.23 Dec 2011: Morning was approaching. It was an ordinary morning of 23rd of December, 2011. Sun was desperate to grow bright and spread its rays on entire humanity as a part of its daily ritual. It was rising in its forever august manner with a mission to remove the Darkness and fulfill the world with Brightness.

People were gathering around chai-waalas. Women were sweeping the floors. School children were getting ready to go to their schools. Some were going for a walk; some were still lazy in their beds. Shahjahanpur and Life in Shahjahanpur is not different from its other siblings in Uttar Pradesh with the exception that it is the Honored birthplace of a Legendary freedom fighter and martyr Pandit Ramprasad Bismil – true Son of Mother India. Bust of this patriot stood neglected in a small park, encroached by one of our desi chai-waalah.

But was this 23rd of December, 2011 an ordinary day in the history of Shahjahanpur? Or the Divine power had other plans in place for the day to come. Later we would discover through the Locals that on the fateful Morning of 23rd December there was something DIVINE happening in the surroundings of the city.

The air was cold but filled with unknown warmth. The night was dark but waiting for light to enlighten the city. The usual morning chaos were present everywhere but things were surprisingly in order. Sad faces were visible but eyes of those sad faces were gleaming for unknown reason.

Many people [regardless of their faith and way of life] had dreams of the previous night about some angels with white wings circling the city and their houses.

The atmosphere was charged up. The Sun was in hurry to spread its wings to welcome the angels with white wings.

A MIRACLE WAS AWAITING TO HAPPEN.

As it turned out, this 23rd of December, 2011 was destined to witness glad tidings of change. Shahjahanpur had been chosen by the Merciful God to be a blessed city. Messengers of change were sent by HIM and those messengers had entered this blessed city the previous night.

The very first rays of sun with affection kissed the forehead of these messengers of change aka Agniveers as they stood in the Arya Samaj Temple ready to perform the divine task after their meditation. Within a matter of minutes the messengers of change from Agniveer had beautified the Arya Samaj Temple with Agniveer Banner, which read- VISHAL SHUDDHI YAJNA. Morning was cold. Some persons shivered while others dared the cold. Happily daring were more in number. It was a “festival mood” in Shahjahanpur. After a while the messengers from Agniveer could hear the chants of Gayatri Mantra coming from all directions at regular intervals. Soon those voices kept coming near and near. The messengers were pleased to see that these rejoiced voices were of those blessed souls who had come with a soul purpose of leaving the darkness behind and walk towards enlightenment. These blessed souls kept repeating “Tamso Ma Jyotrigamay”.

These blessed people were chosen to be the first among countless souls who would later on embrace Vedic Dharma. Arya Samaj Temple was the place chosen  to perform this VEDIC SHUDDHI YAJNA.  Vehicles filled with people of all ages, Male, Female and children started to arrive. These 250 families had come for ‘SHUDDHI EVENT’ to embrace a life style which would transform their lives forever.  About 1200 persons had come to sow the seed of Humanity, brotherhood and Godly love in their hearts. These blessed souls had come to convey the message of Vedas “Peace Be Upon All and Hate None”.

The VISHAL SHUDDHI YAJNA started with seeking blessings of the God by reciting the most beautiful ‘Gayatri Mantra”. When these people started reciting Gayatri Mantra it could be heard by people in far places in the city.

Recitation of Gayatri Mantra by around 1,300 people had created such a magnetic impact which could be felt for days to come in the Arya Samaj Temple at Shahjehanpur. After then these blessed souls sat around holy fire [AGNI] on the altar and offered their prayers.

Captivating and charming sound of ‘Aum Swaha- Aum Swaha’ filled the atmosphere. These people were away from enlightenment for centuries and they did not know to recite the Vedic Mantra’s but the voice of “Aum Swaha” could be heard from miles away.

The messengers of change aka Agniveers also witnessed one more pleasant scene. These people had taken a vow to recite “Gayatri Mantra” in the morning an evening till they learn do proper “Sandhya” (a powerful meditation method for success).

Participants were so overwhelmed with the entire sequence of events that they formed small groups and started reciting “Gayatri Mantra” to each other so that they can keep this gift of God close to their hearts. It appeared that everything was happening with some kind of Divine Inspiration. We will never be able to forget those moments.

Messenger of change from Agniveer were treated by these participants like angels. Countless people had dreamt of  angels with white wings encircling the city and their houses previous night and the next morning they were meeting the Agniveers in white clothes. This was enough for the people to realize that everything that was happening was a Divine wish.  Whenever these small groups had difficulty is reciting the “Gayatri Mantra” or they had any other doubt they would call Agniveers.

It would be grossly unfair to the emotions of the participants if  this specific incident remained to be mentioned here. Out of 1,200 participants there were around 400-500 of our sisters and mothers.  When our sisters met the Messengers of Change and found that the angels with white wings were none other than Agniveers, the bond was immediately established between souls of brothers and sisters.

A small girl who told her name as Maimuna [ for life now “Manisha”] asked the Agniveers if she could tie Rakhi to Agniveers since she did not have brothers. Agniveers offered their hands but there was no Rakhi to tie. But these minor difficulties could not come in the way of relation of brothers and sisters which was established by God. The sacred thread [JANEU] was treated as Rakhi. All the eyes were wet with tears.

After seeing this some old ladies started to cry with happiness. “Rakshabandhan” was celebrated on 23rd December, 2011 in Shehjehanpur.

Afterwords, Manisha [formerly known as Maimuna] told that her mother had died while giving birth to 6th girl child. When Agniveers met Manisha’s father Shri Narsingh Thakur [formerly known as Noorjahan Teli] he told that his wife Khurshida was not in favor of another child but the local Maulvi had told him that children are gift of Allah and it was obligatory upon every Muslim to produce as many children as they can.  He informed us that Maulvi of his village had told him that Shri Narsingh Thakur will go to heaven since his three children had died while they had not attained puberty.

On being asked “why this Yajna”, another sister Vedika Singh Thakur [Formerly known as Nagma Sheikh] could not contain her emotions and shared her joy and happiness with everyone in these words -“This is not a ritual. This is my freedom from shackles of baseless tradition. In Islam I was always forced to hide myself behind Burqua. I was never considered equal to my male counterparts. Now I am free. I am equal to others. I feel liberated from “dakiyanoosi” thinking of earlier faith.”

Another brother Gyan Swarup Sharma [formerly known as Mohammed Giyasusudin ] expressed his happiness in these words  “we have done away with our ignorance. We want to have true knowledge. Only this Vedic culture makes us rational and reasonable as it has its very foundation on reason. This is the most rational philosophy in the world”. Number of people, number of views but amazingly all were submerged in humanity and love.

People wore sacred threads and took pledge that they would live a pure and noble life with peace and harmony, hate ignorance as a devil and educate their children at any cost. They will worship the True Vedic God, and not so called Gods of Mohammedans/Christians or any other God. They swore to not to tolerate any agent between them & their Almighty father.

All these blessed people promised in front of sacred fire [AGNI] that all those evil shameful practices of insulting woman- best creation of Supreme Lord, which were being observed by them due to their wrong belief, ignorance and social compulsion, i e.  Triple Talaq, Polygamy, Unequal rights of women in marriage, Nikah Halala, be immediately stopped and they will follow the message of Vedic God. They would respect women and won’t treat them as Half-Intelligent.

Another brother Yashpal Chauhan [ formerly known as Mohammed Yusuf khan] a resident of nearby village told the Agniveers that he had never before experienced such bliss in his life. He added “I was wandering in vain. Now I know my destination”.

Another brother Shivam Singh Chaudhary [ formerly knows as Mohammed Sadiq Ali] said “This is the religion of our ancestors who were converted by force. I have left that implied religion where I had no dignity. I am feeling like I have come to my home NOW”.

Another brother Shushil Kumar Dubey [formerly known as Suhail Khan] was too eager to speak to the messengers of change from Agniveer. He said “I have returned to my home. Home coming is always best. It cannot be described in words. At home there is your Mother and your well-wishers. Agniveer is our well-wisher”.

It was clear that people have got a glimpse of ‘light of truth’ now. They were determined to shun darkness and ignorance at any cost. Rays of sun and holy fire [AGNI] had given them much needed inner power and strength. This was because of joy of their heart.

After the SHUDDHI YAJNA these blessed people shared their pains and sufferings with Agniveers. Everyone had few common things to share. Their previous faith had told them that easiest way to go to Jannat / Heaven was to produce more and more children irrespective of the fact that:

a] Females were physically incapable to produce more children,

b] Parents were not able to afford even basic education of the newborn childrens;

c] Family were not financially sound to give decent life to the newborn babies.

Now, since they were out of ignorance they had realized that no one can get Jannat / heaven by producing unlimited children but heaven could be achieved only by rightful actions and noble deeds.

Messengers of Change were moved by their conditions and Agniveers announced academic scholarships and medical aid to all the children in purified families up to senior secondary schooling. Agniveers made these promises inspite of knowing their financial constraints and large expenses required for this project.

But that’s where Agniveers stand apart from the crowd.

Agniveers believe that these people had come to Vedic Dharma by Divine inspiration. Agniveers will find in its mission of selfless service righteous people of Vedic Dharma who will feel the pain of our brothers and sisters in need and open their hearts and houses for these brothers and sisters.

This was a real home coming; Coming back to Vedas, Coming back to our roots. Coming to a place where all are equal in eyes of Almighty without Bias, where everybody strives to be Noble, to enjoy eternal bliss, to attain ‘Moksha’. This home never says “believe blindly” but always stresses on “know first and only then believe”. This was a tight slap on face of dividing Trinity / Oil powers trying to divide Bharat / India in the name of man-made religions and faiths.

It is apparent that Messengers of Change aka Agniveers will do a solid work on this front which is deliberately neglected by our policy makers. When we asked the event coordinator of Agniveers about this event they replied with a smile “This is just a beginning and nothing more than trailer of the movie and tip of the Iceberg. Agniveer team is going to organize 786 such events within a year at various places across Bharat / India. Just wait and watch”.

Yeah, we shall watch and see the charisma of Agniveer. Hope is still breathing. Dream of Bharat is alive.

Vande Mataram. Lets Make the Whole World Noble. God is One.

Vedas became omniform for all periods of time


The Rig Veda is one of the oldest religious te...

Image via Wikipedia

By Prem Sabhlok

Via e-mail

Swami Viveknanda had said that religion is a spiritual science. Many contemporary gurus, swamis, pujaris and priests are not able to explain the concept of spiritual science. But most of them agree that the Vedas are the supreme scriptures of Hindus. The Bhagavad-Gita mentions that study of Vedas is the highest virtue. Adi Granth Sahib says Asankh grantha mukhi Vedpatha. There are innumerable scriptures but Vedic study is the supreme.

Sad-Darshana (six schools of Indian philosophy),  based on Vedic metaphysics and Vedic Ishta theory-paths, aim at welfare of mankind. They have made it amply clear that to know the concept of religion as spiritual science, the study of the Vedas is essential. To avoid spread of pious forgeries in the society, Swami Dayananda had suggested study and propagation of Vedic knowledge for the Aryans (noble people).

After the study of the Vedas through English translation of mantras, riks, hymns and even some verses, it was apparent the religion as spiritual science is dharma and it is an institution of social, moral, ethical and spiritual uplift of mankind. It is based on certain principles of spiritual science relating to Rta (cosmic laws of Nature), ideal mosaic society where people follow four divine professions (chatvar varnas) allotted through the Vedic education system based on merit, ability and aptitude and certainly not by birth.

The concept of guru —  Gu means darkness and Ru means to dispel —  dispeller of inner and outer darkness as a preceptor, the cosmic delusion (maya), the difference between soul, manifested soul, spirit and their respective roles, prakrti (divine Nature), the ineffable and formless Supreme Reality Brahman, the cosmic word “Om” (Shabd Brahma) cause of origin of the universe, physical sciences and scientific temper and many other subjects and concepts have been explained in the context of dharma as spiritual science.

In the social aspect of dharma, the Vedas refer to healthy community life through sabha and vidhta, local self-governance, iddm nan mmam — enlightened liberalism (nothing for self all for society), etc.

With regard to the moral aspect hydra-headed corruption with nine heads and 99 sources of entry in the human body is mentioned and solution thereof to eliminate corruption.

On the ethical aspect of dharma, trivarga (three kinds of value systems are explained) and as regard spiritual side of dharma harmonized divine, spiritual and material knowledge (para jnan) is explained in great details.

After study of the Vedas, I wrote Glimpses of Vedic Metaphysics as a part of Vedic spiritual science. Hence the book is by a commoner for the common human beings and seekers of Vedic knowledge, who may not have time to study over 17,000 mantras/riks in all the four Vedas, but are keen to know what these shrutis contain. The Atharva Veda clearly mentions when soul was provided to the human beings, the Vedas were revealed (hence shrutis).

Thus the Vedas became omniform for all periods of time. The study of the Vedas can save simple, honest and God-loving people from the pious forgeries of “leaders of hope” like miracles, breaking unity into diversity of cults/sects or even declaring Veda mantras have secret divine power.

Instead of publishing the book and commercially pricing it, I opted for putting it on the Internet for online reading and even taking print at no cost. It is available on http://www.sabhlokcity.com/metaphysics. The book can be accessed through google.com, yahoo.com, lulu.com search for the book or just Vedic Metaphysics.

%d bloggers like this: