Holi – the festival of colorsपिचकारी की दुकान से दूर हाथों में, कुछ सिक्के गिनते मैंने उसे देखा. एक गरीब बच्चे की आखों में, मैंने होली को मरते देखा. थी चाह उसे भी नए कपड़े पहनने की… पर उन्हीं पुराने कपड़ों को मैंने उसे साफ करते देखा. तुमने देखा कभी चाँद पर बैठा पानी? मैंने उसके रुखसार पर बैठा देखा. हम करते हैं सदा अपने ग़मों की नुमाइश… उसे चुपचाप ग़मों को पीते देखा. थे नही माँ-बाप उसके.. उसे माँ का प्यार और पापा के हाथों की कमी महसूस करते देखा. जब मैंने कहा, “बच्चे, क्या चाहिए तुम्हे”? तो उसे चुपचाप मुस्कुरा कर “ना” में सिर हिलाते देखा. थी वह उम्र बहुत छोटी अभी… पर उसके अंदर मैंने ज़मीर को पलते देखा. सारे शहर के लोगों के रंगे पुते चेहरे में…. मैंने उसके हँसते, मगर बेबस चेहरे को देखा. हम तो जिंदा हैं अभी शान से यहाँ पर उसे जीते जी शान से मरते देखा. नामाकूल रही होली मेरी… जब मैंने ज़िन्दगी के इस दूसरे अजीब पहलू को देखा. कोई मनाता है जश्न, और कोई रहता है तरसता . मैंने वो देखा.. जो हम सब ने देख कर भी नहीं देखा. लोग कहते हैं त्यौहार होते हैं ज़िन्दगी की ख़ुशियों के लिए, तो क्यों मैंने उसे मन ही मन घुटते और तरसते देखा… आप से यही अपील करूंगा होली पर किसी गरीब बच्चे की जिन्दगी में खुशियों का रंग घोल कर देखें यकीन मानिये आप का ये रंगों का त्योहार और निखर जाएगा आप पैसे देकर या नये कपड़े दिला कर किसी गरीब या अनाथ बच्चे की होली रंगों से सजा सकते हैं “इस बार होली कुछ यू मनाएं किसी गरीब की खुशियाँ रंगों से सजाएं ” — एक प्रयास तो कीजिये आपका त्योहार आपको खुशियों से भर देगा 👏👏👏👏👏👏👏👏


Holi – the festival of colors

SOME TIMES:  By Santosh Bhatt

Bharat (India) ( Hindustan) is not just a piece of Land, Mountains, or Rivers but it is and Experience of Thousands and Thousands of years .
Our Philosophy, Psychology, Science and Knowledge is not which has come out of nothing but it is an experience of our ancient forefathers and Yogi’s and Rishi.
Hindustan is a Land of Colors and you can feel smell and taste Life in every corner and street and every family cherish color which brings laughter on every ones face.
Holi – the festival of colors – is undoubtedly the most fun-filled and boisterous of Hindu festival. It’s an occasion that brings in unadulterated joy and mirth, Fun and Food and Play, music and dance, and, of course, lots of bright colors!

Happy Days Are Here Again!
With winter neatly tucked up in the attic, it’s time to come out of our cocoons and enjoy this spring festival. Every year it is celebrated on the day after the full moon in early March and glorifies good harvest and fertility of the land. It is also time for spring harvest. The new crop refills the stores in every household and perhaps such abundance accounts for the riotous merriment during Holi. This also explains the other names of this celebration – ‘Vasant Mahotsava’ and ‘Kama Mahotsava’.

“Don’t Mind, It’s Holi!”
During Holi, practices, which at other times could be offensive, are allowed. Squirting colored water on passers-by, dunking friends in pool amidst teasing and laughter, getting intoxicated on Bhaang and reveling with companions is perfectly acceptable. In fact, on the days of Holi, you can get away with almost anything by saying, “Don’t mind, it’s Holi!” (Hindi = Bura na mano, Holi hai.)

The Festive License!
Women, especially, enjoy the freedom of relaxed rules and sometimes join in the merriment rather aggressively. There is also much vulgar behavior connected with phallic themes. It is a time when pollution is not important, a time for license and obscenity in place of the usual societal and caste restrictions. In a way, Holi is a means for the people to ventilate their ‘latent heat’ and experience strange physical relaxations.

Like all Indian and Hindu festivals, Holi is inextricably linked to mythical tales. There are at least three legends that are directly associated with the festival of colors: the Holika-Hiranyakashipu-Prahlad episode, Lord Shiva’s killing of Kamadeva, and the story of the ogress Dhundhi.

The Holika-Prahlad Episode
The evolution of the term Holi makes an interesting study in itself. Legend has it that it derives its name from Holika, the sister of the mythical megalomaniac king Hiranyakashipu who commanded everyone to worship him. But his little son Prahlad refused to do so. Instead he became a devotee of Vishnu (One the Hindu Sanatan God Of Trinity. Shree Krishna)

Hiranyakashipu ordered his sister Holika to kill Prahlad and she, possessing the power to walk through fire unharmed, picked up the child and walked into a fire with him. Prahlad, however, chanted the names of God and was saved from the fire. Holika perished because she did not know that her powers were only effective if she entered the fire alone.

This myth has a strong association with the festival of Holi, and even today there is a practice of hurling cow dung into the fire and shouting obscenities at it, as if at Holika.

The Story of Dhundhi
It was also on this day that an ogress called Dhundhi, who was troubling the children in the kingdom of Prthu was chased away by the shouts and pranks of village youngsters. Although this female monster had secured several boons that made her almost invincible, shouts, abuses and pranks of boys was a chink in the armor for Dhundi, owing to a curse from Lord Shiva.

The Kamadeva Myth
It is often believed that it was on this day that Lord Shiva opened his third eye and incinerated Kamadeva, the god of love, to death. So, many people worship Kamadeva on Holi-day, with the simple offering of a mixture of mango blossoms and sandalwood paste.

Radha-Krishna Legend
Holi is also celebrated in memory of the immortal love of Lord Shree Krishna and Radha. The young Krishna would complain to his mother Yashoda about why Radha was so fair and he so dark. Yashoda advised him to apply colour on Radha’s face and see how her complexion would change. In the legends of Krishna as a youth he is depicted playing all sorts of pranks with the gopis or cowgirls. One prank was to throw colored powder all over them. So at Holi, images of Krishna and his consort Radha are often carried through the streets. Holi is celebrated with éclat in the villages around Mathura, the birth-place of Shree Krishna.
Holi as a festival seems to have started several Thousands centuries before Christ as can be inferred from its mentions in the religious works of Jaimini’s Purvamimamsa-Sutras and Kathaka-Grhya-Sutra.

Holi in Temple Sculptures
Holi is one of the oldest among Hindu festivals, there is no doubt. Various references are found in the sculptures on walls of old temples. A 16th century panel sculpted in a temple at Hampi, capital of Vijayanagar, shows a joyous scene depicting Holi where a prince and his princess are standing amidst maids waiting with syringes to drench the royal couple in colored water.

Holi in Medieval Paintings
A 16th century Ahmednagar painting is on the theme of Vasanta Ragini – spring song or music. It shows a royal couple sitting on a grand swing, while maidens are playing music and spraying colors with pichkaris (hand-pumps). A Mewar painting (circa 1755) shows the Maharana with his courtiers. While the ruler is bestowing gifts on some people, a merry dance is on, and in the center is a tank filled with colored water. A Bundi miniature shows a king seated on a tusker, and from a balcony above some damsels are showering gulal (colored powders) on him.

Birthday of Shri Chaitanya MahaPrabhu
Holi Purnima is also celebrated as the birthday of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (A.D. 1486-1533), mostly in Bengal, and also in the coastal city of Puri, Orissa, and the holy cities of Mathura and Vrindavan, in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Making the Colors of Holi
The colors of Holi, called ‘gulal’, in the medieval times were made at home, from the flowers of the ‘tesu’ or ‘palash’ tree, also called ‘the flame of the forest’. These flowers, bright red or deep orange in color, were collected from the forest and spread out on mats, to dry in the sun, and then ground to fine dust. The powder when mixed with water made a beautiful saffron-red dye. This pigment and also ‘aabir’, made from natural colored talc, which were extensively used as Holi colors, are good for the skin, unlike the chemical colors of our days.
Colorful days, solemn rituals, joyous celebrations – Holi is a boisterous occasion! Draped in white, people throng the streets in large numbers and smear each other with bright hued powders and squirt coloured water on one another through pichkaris (big syringe-like hand-pumps), irrespective of caste, color, race, sex, or social status; all these petty differences are temporarily relegated to the background and people give into an unalloyed colorful rebellion. There is exchange of greetings, the elders distribute sweets and money, and all join in frenzied dance to the rhythm of the drums. But if you wanna know how to celebrate the festival of colors to the fullest through the whole length of three days, here’s a primer.

Holi-Day 1
The day of the full moon (Holi Purnima) is the first day of Holi. A platter (‘thali’) is arranged with colored powders, and colored water is placed in a small brass pot (‘lota’). The eldest male member of the family begins the festivities by sprinkling colors on each member of the family, and the youngsters follow.

Holi-Day 2
On the second day of the festival called ‘Puno’, images of Holika are burnt in keeping with the legend of Prahlad and his devotion to lord Vishnu. In rural India, the evening is celebrated by lighting huge bonfires as part of the community celebration when people gather near the fire to fill the air with folk songs and dances. Mothers often carry their babies five times in a clockwise direction around the fire, so that her children are blessed by Agni, the god of fire.

Holi-Day 3
The most boisterous and the final day of the festival is called ‘Parva’, when children, youth, men and women visit each other’s homes and colored powders called ‘aabir’ and ‘gulal’ are thrown into the air and smeared on each other’s faces and bodies. ‘Pichkaris’ and water balloons are filled with colors and spurted onto people – while young people pay their respects to elders by sprinkling some colors on their feet, some powder is also smeared on the faces of the deities, especially Shree Krishna and Radha.

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Hindu Festivals


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(Vikram Year 2056)

Hindu Festivals 2000
Makarsankranti<;Click for info Friday 14-01-2000
Vasant Panchami <;click info Thursday 10-02-2000
Maha Shivaratri <;click for info Saturday 04-03-2000
Holi <;click for information Sunday 19-03-2000
Hindi New Year Wednesday 05-04-2000
Ramayana Week Wednesday 05-04-2000
To Wednesday 12-04-2000
Ramanavami <;click for info Wednesday 12-04-2000
Hanuman Jayanti <;click info Tuesday 18-04-2000
Raksha-Bandhan<;click info Tuesday 15-08-2000
Krishna Janmashthami<;info Wednesday 23-08-2000
Ganesh Chauth<;click for info Friday 01-09-2000
Pitr-paksha <;click for info Wednesday 13-09-2000
To Wednesday 27-09-2000
Navaratri <;click for information Thursday 28-09-2000
To Friday 06-10-2000
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 05-10-2000
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera)
click for info Saturday 07-10-2000
Deepavali – (Diwali) <;click for information Thursday 26-10-2000
Vikram New Year 2057 Friday 27-10-2000
Buddha Purnima
Guru Purnima

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

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Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2057)

Hindu Festivals 2001
Makarsankranti <;click info Sunday 14-01-2001
Vasant panchami Monday 29-01-2001
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 21-02-2001
Holi <;click for information Friday 09-03-2001
Hindi New Year Monday 26-03-2001
Ramayana Week Monday 26-03-2001
To Monday 02-04-2001
Ramanavami Monday 02-04-2001
Hanuman Jayanti Sunday 08-04-2001
Raksha-Bandhan Saturday 04-08-2001
Krishna Janmashthami<;info Sunday 12-08-2001
Ganesh Chauth<;click info Wednesday 22-08-2001
Pitr-Paksha Sunday 02-09-2001
To Monday 17-09-2001
Adhik Maas -Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Tuesday 18-09-2001
To Tuesday 16-10-2001
Navaratri Wednesday 17-10-2001
To Thursday 25-10-2001
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 25-10-2001
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) Friday 26-10-2001
Deepavali – (Diwali) Wednesday 14-11-2001
Vikram New Year 2058 Thursday 15-11-2001
Buddha Purnima Monday 07-05-2001 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima Thursday 05-07-2001 Purnima Asadha

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

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(Vikram Year 2058)

Hindu Festivals 2002
Makarsankranti<;click info Monday 14-01-2002
Vasant panchami <;info Sunday 17-02-2002
Maha Shivaratri <; info Wednesday 13-03-2002
Holi <;click for information Thursday 28-03-2002
Hindi New Year Saturday 13-04-2002
Ramayana Week Saturday 13-04-2002
To Sunday 21-04-2002
Ramanavami <;information Sunday 21-04-2002
Hanuman Jayanti <;info Saturday 27-04-2002
Raksha-Bandhan <;info Thursday 22-08-2002
Krishna Janmashthami Friday (Smarta)
Saturday (Vaishnav)

30-08-2002
31-08-2002

Krishna Janmashthami Saturday 31-08-2002
Ganesh Chauth<;click info Tuesday 10-09-2002
Pitr-Paksha Saturday 21-09-2002
To Sunday 06-10-2002
Navaratri <;click for info Monday 07-10-2002
To Tuesday 15-10-2002
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 13-10-2002
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 15-10-2002
Deepavali -(Diwali) <;info Monday 04-11-2002
Vikram New Year 2059 Tuesday 05-11-2002
Buddha Purnima Sunday 26-05-2002 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima Wednesday 24-07-2002 Purnima Asadha
Easter Sunday 31-03-2002

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

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(Vikram Year 2059)

Hindu Festivals
2003
Makarsankranti<;click information Tuesday 14-01-2003
Vasant panchami <;info Thursday 06-02-2003
Maha Shivaratri <; info Saturday 01-03-2003
Holi <;click for information Monday 17-03-2003
Hindi New Year Wednesday 02-04-2003
Ramayana Week Wednesday 02-04-2003
To Friday 11-04-2003
Ramanavami <;information Friday 11-04-2003
Hanuman Jayanti <;info Wednesday 16-04-2003
Raksha-Bandhan <;info Tuesday 12-08-2003
Krishna Janmashthami <;info Wednesday 20-08-2003
Ganesh Chauth <;click info Sunday 31-08-2003
Pitr-Paksha <;information Wednesday 10-09-2003
To Friday 26-09-2003
Navaratri <;click for info Saturday 27-09-2003
To Saturday 04-10-2003
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 02-10-2003
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) <;info vSunday 05-10-2003
Deepavali -(Diwali) <;info Saturday 25-10-2003
Vikram New Year 2060 Sunday 26-10-2003
Buddha Purnima Friday 16-05-2003 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima <;info Sunday 13-07-2003 Purnima Asadha
Easter Sunday 20-04-2003

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

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(Vikram Year 2060)

Hindu Festivals 2004
Makarsankranti Wednesday 14-01-2004
Vasant Panchami Monday 26-01-2004
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 18-02-2004
Holi Saturday 06-03-2004
Hindi New Year Sunday 21-03-2004
Ramayana Week Sunday 21-03-2004
To Tuesday 30-03-2004
Ramanavami Tuesday 30-03-2004
Hanuman Jayanti Monday 05-04-2004
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Sunday 18-07-2004
To Monday 16-08-2004
Raksha-Bandhan Monday 30-08-2004
Krishna Jayanti Monday 06-09-2004
Ganesh Chauth Saturday 18-09-2004
Pitr-Paksha Tuesday 28-09-2004
To Wednesday 13-10-2004
Navaratri Thursday 14-10-2004
To Friday 22-10-2004
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 21-10-2004
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) Friday 22-10-2004
Deepavali – (Diwali) Friday 12-11-2004
Vikram New Year 2061 Saturday 13-11-2004
Buddha Purnima Tuesday 04-05-2004 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima <;info Friday 02-07-2004 Purnima Asadha
Easter Sunday 11-04-2004

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

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Moon Calendar

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Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2061)

Hindu Festivals 2005
Makarsankranti Friday 14-01-2005
Vasant Panchami Sunday 13-02-2005
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 08-03-2005
Holi Friday 25-03-2005
Hindi New Year Saturday 09-04-2005
Ramayana Week Saturday 09-04-2005
To Monday 18-04-2005
Ramanavami Monday 18-04-2005
Hanuman Jayanti Sunday 24-04-2005
Raksha-Bandhan Friday 19-08-2005
Krishna Jayanti Saturday 27-08-2005
Ganesh Chauth Wednesday 07-09-2005
Pitr-Paksha Sunday 18-09-2005
To Monday 03-10-2005
Navaratri Tuesday 04-10-2005
To Wednesday 12-10-2005
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Tuesday 11-10-2005
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 12-10-2005
Deepavali – (Diwali) Tuesday 01-11-2005
Vikram New Year 2062 Wednesday 02-11-2005
Buddha Purnima Monday 23-05-2005 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima Thursday 21-07-2005 Purnima Asadha
Easter Sunday 27-03-2005

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

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Moon Calendar

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Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2062)

Hindu Festivals
2006
Makar Sakranti Saturday 14-01-2006
Vasant Panchami Thursday 02-02-2006
Maha Shivaratri Sunday 26-02-2006
Holi (Begins on Tuesday
Celebrations on Wednesday) Full Moon
Tuesday)
Wednesday
14-03-2006
15-03-2006
Hindi New Year Thursday 30-03-2006
Ramayana Week Thursday 30-03-2006
To Thursday 06-04-2006
Ramanavami Thursday 06-04-2006
Hanuman Jayanti Thursday 13-04-2006
Raksha Bandhan Wednesday 04-08-2006
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 16-08-2006
Ganesh Chaturthi Sunday 27-08-2006
Pitr-paksha Friday 08-09-2006
To Friday 22-09-2006
Navaratri Saturday 23-09-2006
To Sunday 01-10-2006
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Friday
Saturday 29-09-2006
30-09-2006
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Monday 02-10-2006
Deepavali (Diwali) Saturday 21-10-2006
Vikram New Year 2063 Sunday 22-10-2006
Buddha Purnima Saturday 13-05-2006 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima Tuesday 11-07-2006 or Purnima Asadha
" " Monday 10-07-2006
Easter Sunday 16-04-2006

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles:
Moon Calendar

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Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2063)

Hindu Festivals
2007
Makar Sakranti Sunday 14-01-2007
Vasant Panchami Tuesday 23-01-2007
Maha Shivaratri Friday 16-02-2007
Holi (Begins on Sat.
Celebrations on Sunday)
Full Moon
Saturday
Sunday
03-03-2007
04-03-2007
Hindi New Year Monday 19-03-2007
Ramayana Week Monday 19-03-2007
To Tuesday 27-03-2007
Ramanavami Tuesday 27-03-2007
Hanuman Jayanti Monday 02-04-2007
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Thursday 17-05-2007
To Friday 15-06-2007
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday 28-08-2007
Krishna Janmashthami Tuesday 04-09-2007
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 15-09-2007
Pitr-paksha Thursday 27-09-2007
To Thursday 11-10-2007
Navaratri Friday 12-10-2007
To Saturday 20-10-2007
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday
Friday 18-10-2007
19-10-2007
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 21-10-2007
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 09-11-2007
Vikram New Year 2064 Saturday 10-11-2007
Buddha Purnima Wednesday 02-05-2007
Guru Purnima Sunday 29-07-2007
Easter Sunday 08-04-2007

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2064)

Hindu Festivals
2008
Makar Sakranti Monday 14-01-2008
Vasant Panchami Monday 11-02-2008
Maha Shivaratri Thursday 06-03-2008
Holi (Begins on Friday.
Celebrations on
Saturday) Full Moon
Friday
Saturday
21-03-2008
22-03-2008
Hindi New Year Sunday 06-04-2008
Ramayana Week Sunday 06-04-2008
To Monday 14-04-2008
Ramanavami Monday 14-04-2008
Hanuman Jayanti Sunday 20-04-2008
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 16-08-2008
Krishna Janmashthami Sunday 24-08-2008
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 03-09-2008
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 16-09-2008
To Monday 29-09-2008
Navaratri Tuesday 30-09-2008
To Wednesday 08-10-2008
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Monday
Tuesday
06-10-2008
07-10-2008
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Thursday 09-10-2008
Deepavali (Diwali) Tuesday 28-10-2008
Vikram New Year 2065 Wednesday 29-10-2008
Buddha Purnima Monday 19-05-2008
Guru Purnima Friday 18-07-2008
Easter Sunday 23-03-2008

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2065)

Hindu Festivals
2009
Makar Sakranti Wednesday 14-01-2009
Vasant Panchami Saturday 31-01-2009
Maha Shivaratri Monday 23-02-2009
Holi Wednesday 11-03-2009
Hindi New Year Friday 27-03-2009
Ramayana Week Friday 27-03-2009
To Friday 03-04-2009
Ramanavami Friday 03-04-2009
Hanuman Jayanti Thursday 09-04-2009
Raksha Bandhan Wednesday 05-08-2009
Krishna Janmashthami Friday 14-08-2009
Ganesh Chaturthi Sunday 23-08-2009
Pitr-paksha Saturday 05-09-2009
To Friday 18-09-2009
Navaratri Saturday 19-09-2009
To Sunday 27-09-2009
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Friday
Saturday 25-09-2009
26-09-2009
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Monday 28-09-2009
Deepavali (Diwali) Saturday 17-10-2009
Vikram New Year 2066 Sunday 18-10-2009
Buddha Purnima Friday 08-05-2009
Guru Purnima Tuesday 07-07-2009
Easter Sunday 12-04-2009

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2066)

Hindu Festivals
2010
Makar Sakranti Thursday 14-01-2010
Vasant Panchami Wednesday 20-01-2010
Maha Shivaratri Friday 12-02-2010
Holi (Begins on Sunday
Celebrate on Monday) Sunday
Monday 28-02-2010
01-03-2010
Hindi New Year Tuesday 16-03-2010
Ramayana Week Tuesday 16-03-2010
To Wednesday 24-03-2010
Ramanavami Wednesday 24-03-2010
Hanuman Jayanti
Celebrate on Tuesday Monday
Tuesday 29-03-2010
30-03-2010
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Thursday 15-04-2010
To Friday 14-05-2010
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday 24-08-2010
Krishna Janmashthami Thursday 02-09-2010
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 11-09-2010
Pitr-paksha Friday 24-09-2010
To Thursday 07-10-2010
Navaratri Friday 08-10-2010
To Saturday 16-10-2010
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday
Friday 14-10-2010
15-10-2010
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 17-10-2010
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 05-11-2010
Vikram New Year 2067 Saturday 06-11-2010
Buddha Purnima Thursday 27-05-2010
Guru Purnima Sunday 25-07-2010
Easter Sunday 04-04-2010

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2067)

Hindu Festivals
2011
Makar Sakranti Friday 14-01-2011
Vasant Panchami Tuesday 08-02-2011
Maha Shivaratri Thursday 03-03-2011
Holi (Begins on Sat. Celebrate on Sunday) Saturday
Sunday 19-03-2011
20-03-2011
Hindi New Year Monday 04-04-2011
Ramayana Week Monday 04-04-2011
To Tuesday 12-04-2011
Ramanavami Tuesday 12-04-2011
Hanuman Jayanti
Celebrate on Monday Sunday
Monday 17-04-2011
18-04-2011
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 13-08-2011
Krishna Janmashthami Monday 22-08-2011
Ganesh Chaturthi Thursday 01-09-2011
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 13-09-2011
To Tuesday 27-09-2011
Navaratri Wednesday 28-09-2011
To Wednesday 05-10-2011
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Monday
Tuesday 03-10-2011
04-10-2011
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Thursday 06-10-2011
Deepavali (Diwali) Wednesday 26-10-2011
Vikram New Year 2068 Thursday 27-10-2011
Buddha Purnima Tuesday 17-05-2011
Guru Purnima Friday 15-07-2011
Easter Sunday 24-04-2011

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2068)

Hindu Festivals
2012
Makar Sakranti Saturday 14-01-2012
Vasant Panchami Saturday 28-01-2012
Maha Shivaratri Monday 20-02-2012
Holi Thursday 08-03-2012
Hindi New Year Friday 23-03-2012
Ramayana Week Friday 23-03-2012
To Sunday 01-04-2012
Ramanavami Sunday 01-04-2012
Hanuman Jayanti Friday 06-04-2012
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 02-08-2012
Krishna Janmashthami Friday 10-08-2012
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Saturday 18-08-2012
To Sunday 16-09-2012
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 19-09-2012
Pitr- paksha Sunday 30-09-2012
To Monday 15-10-2012
Navaratri Tuesday 16-10-2012
To Tuesday 23-10-2012
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 21-10-2012
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 24-10-2012
Deepavali (Diwali) Tuesday 13-11-2012
Vikram New Year 2069 Wednesday 14-11-2012
Buddha Purnima Sunday 06-05-2012 or
" " Saturday 05-05-2012
Guru Purnima Tuesday 03-07-2012

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2069)

Hindu Festivals
2013
Makar Sakranti Monday 14-01-2013
Vasant Panchami Friday 15-02-2013
Maha Shivaratri Sunday 10-03-2013
Holi Wednesday 27-03-2013
Hindi New Year Thursday 11-04-2013
Ramayana Week Thursday 11-04-2013
To Saturday 20-04-2013
Ramanavami Saturday 20-04-2013
Hanuman Jayanti Thursday 25-04-2013
Raksha Bandhan
or Wednesday
Tuesday 21-08-2013
20-08-2013
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 28-08-2013
Ganesh Chaturthi Monday 09-09-2013
Pitr-paksha Friday 20-09-2013
To Friday 04-10-2013
Navaratri Saturday 05-10-2013
To Sunday 13-10-2013
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Friday 11-10-2013
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Monday 14-10-2013
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 03-11-2013
Vikram New Year 2070 Monday 04-11-2013
Buddha Purnima Saturday 25-05-2013
Guru Purnima Monday 22-07-2013

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2070)

Hindu Festivals
2014
Makar Sakranti Tuesday 14-01-2014
Vasant Panchami Tuesday 04-02-2014
Maha Shivaratri Friday 28-02-2014
Holi Monday 17-03-2014
Hindi New Year Monday 31-03-2014
Ramayana Week Monday 31-03-2014
To Tuesday 08-04-2014
Ramanavami Tuesday 08-04-2014
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 15-04-2014
Raksha Bandhan Sunday 10-08-2014
Krishna Janmashthami Sunday 17-08-2014
Ganesh Chaturthi Friday 29-08-2014
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 09-09-2014
To Wednesday 24-09-2014
Navaratri Thursday 25-09-2014
To Friday 03-10-2014
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Wednesday 01-10-2014
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Saturday 04-10-2014
Deepavali (Diwali) Thursday 23-10-2014
Vikram New Year 2071 Friday 24-10-2014
Buddha Purnima Wednesday 14-05-2014
Guru Purnima Saturday 12-07-2014

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

(Vikram Year 2071)

Hindu Festivals
2015
Makar Sakranti Wednesday 14-01-2015
Vasant Panchami Saturday 24-01-2015
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 17-02-2015
Holi Friday 06-03-2015
Hindi New Year Saturday 21-03-2015
Ramayana Week Saturday 21-03-2015
To Saturday 28-03-2015
Ramanavami Saturday 28-03-2015
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 04-04-2015
Raksha Bandhan Sunday 29-08-2015
Krishna Janmashthami Saturday 05-09-2015
Ganesh Chaturthi Thursday 17-09-2015
Pitr-paksha Monday 28-09-2015
To Monday 12-10-2015
Navaratri Tuesday 13-10-2015
To Wednesday 21-10-2015
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Tuesday 20-10-2015
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Thursday 22-10-2015
Deepavali (Diwali) Wednesday 11-11-2015
Vikram New Year 2072 Thursday 12-11-2015
Buddha Purnima Sunday 03-05-2015
Guru Purnima Friday 31-07-2015

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2072)

Hindu Festivals
2016
Makar Sakranti Thursday 14-01-2016
Vasant Panchami Friday 12-02-2016
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 08-03-2016
Holi Wednesday 23-03-2016
Hindi New Year Friday 08-04-2016
Ramayana Week Friday 08-04-2016
To Friday 15-04-2016
Ramanavami Friday 15-04-2016
Hanuman Jayanti Friday 22-04-2016
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 18-08-2016
Krishna Janmashthami Thursday 25-08-2016
Ganesh Chaturthi Monday 05-09-2016
Pitr-paksha Saturday 17-09-2016
To Friday 30-09-2016
Navaratri Saturday 01-10-2016
To Monday 10-10-2016
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Saturday 08-10-2016
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 11-10-2016
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 30-10-2016
Vikram New Year 2073 Monday 31-10-2016
Buddha Purnima Saturday 21-05-2016
Guru Purnima Tuesday 19-07-2016

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2073)

Hindu Festivals
2017
Makar Sakranti Saturday 14-01-2017
Vasant Panchami Wednesday 01-02-2017
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 25-02-2017
Holi Monday 13-03-2017
Hindi New Year Tuesday 28-03-2017
Ramayana Week Tuesday 28-03-2017
To Wednesday 05-04-2017
Ramanavami Wednesday 05-04-2017
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 11-04-2017
Raksha Bandhan Monday 07-08-2017
Krishna Janmashthami Tuesday 15-08-2017
Ganesh Chaturthi Friday 25-08-2017
Pitr-paksha Thursday 07-09-2017
To Wednesday 20-09-2017
Navaratri Thursday 21-09-2017
To Friday 29-09-2017
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Wednesday 27-09-2017
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Saturday 30-09-2017
Deepavali (Diwali) Thursday 19-10-2017
Vikram New Year 2074 Friday 20-10-2017

Buddha Purnima Wednesday 10-05-2017
Guru Purnima Saturday 08-07-2017

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2074)

Hindu Festivals
2018
Makar Sakranti Sunday 14-01-2018
Vasant Panchami Monday 22-01-2018
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 14-02-2018
Holi Friday 02-03-2018
Hindi New Year Sunday 18-03-2018
Ramayana Week Sunday 18-03-2018
To Monday 26-03-2018
Ramanavami Monday 26-03-2018
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 31-03-2018
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Wednesday 16-05-2018
To Wednesday 13-06-2018
Raksha Bandhan Sunday 26-08-2018
Krishna Janmashthami Monday 03-09-2018
Ganesh Chaturthi Thursday 13-09-2018
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 25-09-2018
To Monday 08-10-2018
Navaratri Tuesday 09-10-2018
To Thursday 18-10-2018
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Tuesday 16-10-2018
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Friday 19-10-2018
Deepavali (Diwali) Wednesday 07-11-2018
Vikram New Year 2075 Thursday 08-11-2018
Buddha Purnima Sunday 29-04-2018
Guru Purnima Friday 27-07-2018

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
===================

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(Vikram Year 2075)

Hindu Festivals
2019
Makar Sakranti Monday 14-01-2019
Vasant Panchami Sunday 10-02-2019
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 05-03-2019
Holi Thursday 21-03-2019
Hindi New Year Saturday 06-04-2019
Ramayana Week Saturday 06-04-2019
To Sunday 14-04-2019
Ramanavami Sunday 14-04-2019
Hanuman Jayanti Friday 19-04-2019
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 15-08-2019
Krishna Janmashthami
Friday
Saturday 23-08-2019
24-08-2019
Ganesh Chaturthi Monday 02-09-2019
Pitr-paksha Saturday 14-09-2019
To Saturday 28-09-2019
Navaratri Sunday 29-09-2019
To Monday 07-10-2019
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Saturday 05-10-2019
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 08-10-2019
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 27-10-2019
Vikram New Year 2076 Monday 28-10-2019
Buddha Purnima Saturday 18-05-2019
Guru Purnima Tuesday 16-07-2019

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
===================

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(Vikram Year 2076)

Hindu Festivals
2020
Makar Sakranti Tuesday 14-01-2020
Vasant Panchami Thursday 30-01-2020
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 22-02-2020
Holi Tuesday 10-03-2020
Hindi New Year Wednesday 25-03-2020
Ramayana Week Wednesday 25-03-2020
To Thursday 02-04-2020
Ramanavami Thursday 02-04-2020
Hanuman Jayanti Wednesday 08-04-2020
Raksha Bandhan Monday 03-08-2020
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 12-08-2020
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 22-08-2020
Pitr-paksha Thursday 03-09-2020
To Thursday 17-09-2020
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Friday 18-09-2020
To Friday 16-10-2020
Navaratri Saturday 17-10-2020
To Saturday 24-10-2020
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 22-10-2020
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 25-10-2020
Deepavali (Diwali) Saturday 14-11-2020
Vikram New Year 2077 Sunday 15-11-2020
Buddha Purnima Thursday 07-05-2020
Guru Purnima Sunday 05-07-2020

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2077)

Hindu Festivals
2021
Makar Sakranti Thursday 14-01-2021
Vasant Panchami Tuesday 16-02-2021
Maha Shivaratri Friday 12-03-2021
Holi Monday 29-03-2021
Hindi New Year Tuesday 13-04-2021
Ramayana Week Tuesday 13-04-2021
To Wednesday 21-04-2021
Ramanavami Wednesday 21-04-2021
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 27-04-2021
Raksha Bandhan Sunday 22-08-2021
Krishna Janmashthami Monday 30-08-2021
Ganesh Chaturthi Friday 10-09-2021
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 21-09-2021
To Wednesday 06-10-2021
Navaratri Thursday 07-10-2021
To Thursday 14-10-2021
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Tuesday 12-10-2021
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Friday 15-10-2021
Deepavali (Diwali) Thursday 04-11-2021
Vikram New Year 2078 Friday 05-11-2021
Buddha Purnima Wednesday 26-05-2021
Guru Purnima Saturday 24-07-2021

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
===================

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(Vikram Year 2078)

Hindu Festivals
2022
Makar Sakranti Friday 14-01-2022
Vasant Panchami Saturday 05-02-2022
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 01-03-2022
Holi Friday 18-03-2022
Hindi New Year Saturday 02-04-2022
Ramayana Week From Saturday 02-04-2022
To Sunday 10-04-2022
Ramanavami Sunday 10-04-2022
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 16-04-2022
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 11-08-2022
Krishna Janmashthami Friday 19-08-2022
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 31-08-2022
Pitr-paksha From Sunday 11-09-2022
To Sunday 25-09-2022
Navaratri From Monday 26-09-2022
To Tuesday 04-10-2022
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 02-10-2022
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 05-10-2022
Deepavali (Diwali) Monday 24-10-2022
Vikram New Year 2079 Tuesday 25-10-2022
Buddha Purnima Monday 16-05-2022
Guru Purnima Wednesday 13-07-2022

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
===================
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(Vikram Year 2079)

Hindu Festivals
2023
Makar Sakranti Saturday 14-01-2023
Vasant Panchami Thursday 26-01-2023
Maha Shivaratri Sunday 19-02-2023
Holi Wednesday 08-03-2023
Hindi New Year Wednesday 22-03-2023
Ramayana Week From Wednesday 22-03-2023
To Thursday 30-03-2023
Ramanavami Thursday 30-03-2023
Hanuman Jayanti Thursday 06-04-2023
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Tuesday 18-07-2023
To Wednesday 16-08-2023
Raksha Bandhan Wednesday 30-08-2023
Krishna Janmashthami Thursday 07-09-2023
Ganesh Chaturthi Tuesday 19-09-2023
Pitr-paksha From Saturday 30-09-2023
To Saturday 14-10-2023
Navaratri From Sunday 15-10-2023
To Monday 23-10-2023
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Saturday 21-10-2023
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 24-10-2023
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 12-11-2023
Vikram New Year 2080 Monday 13-11-2023
Buddha Purnima Friday 05-05-2023
Guru Purnima Monday 03-07-2023

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============
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(Vikram Year 2080)

Hindu Festivals
2024
Makar Sakranti Sunday 14-01-2024
Vasant Panchami Wednesday 14-02-2024
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 09-03-2024
Holi Monday 25-03-2024
Hindi New Year Tuesday 09-04-2024
Ramayana Week Tuesday 09-04-2024
To Wednesday 17-04-2024
Ramanavami Wednesday 17-04-2024
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 23-04-2024
Raksha Bandhan Monday 19-08-2024
Krishna Janmashthami Monday 26-08-2024
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 07-09-2024
Pitr-paksha Wednesday 18-09-2024
To Wednesday 02-10-2024
Navaratri Thursday 03-10-2024
To Saturday 12-10-2024
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 10-10-2024
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 13-10-2024
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 01-11-2024
Vikram New Year 2081 Saturday 02-11-2024
Buddha Purnima Thursday 23-05-2024
Guru Purnima Sunday 21-07-2024

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============
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(Vikram Year 2081)

Hindu Festivals
2025
Makar Sakranti Tuesday 14-01-2025
Vasant Panchami Sunday 02-02-2025
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 26-02-2025
Holi Friday 14-03-2025
Hindi New Year Sunday 30-03-2025
Ramayana Week From Sunday 30-03-2025
To Sunday 06-04-2025
Ramanavami Sunday 06-04-2025
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 12-04-2025
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 09-08-2025
Krishna Janmashthami Saturday 16-08-2025
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 27-08-2025
Pitr-paksha From Monday 08-09-2025
To Sunday 21-09-2025
Navaratri From Monday 22-09-2025
To Wednesday 01-10-2025
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Monday 29-09-2025
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Thursday 02-10-2025
Deepavali (Diwali) Tuesday 21-10-2025
Vikram New Year 2082 Wednesday 22-10-2025
Buddha Purnima Monday 12-05-2025
Guru Purnima Thursday 10-07-2025

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2082)

Hindu Festivals
2026
Makar Sakranti Wednesday 14-01-2026
Vasant Panchami Friday 23-01-2026
Maha Shivaratri Monday 16-02-2026
Holi Tuesday 03-03-2026
Hindi New Year Thursday 19-03-2026
Ramayana Week Thursday 19-03-2026
To Friday 27-03-2026
Ramanavami Friday 27-03-2026
Hanuman Jayanti Wednesday 01-04-2026
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Sunday 17-05-2026
To Monday 15-06-2026
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 27-08-2026
Krishna Janmashthami Friday 04-09-2026
Ganesh Chaturthi Monday 14-09-2026
Pitr-paksha Sunday 27-09-2026
To Saturday 10-10-2026
Navaratri Sunday 11-10-2026
To Tuesday 20-10-2026
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 18-10-2026
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 21-10-2026
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 08-11-2026
Vikram New Year 2083 Monday 09-11-2026
Buddha Purnima Friday 01-05-2026
Guru Purnima Wednesday 29-07-2026

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2083)

Hindu Festivals
2027
Makar Sakranti Thursday 14-01-2027
Vasant Panchami Thursday 11-02-2027
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 06-03-2027
Holi Monday 22-03-2027
Hindi New Year Wednesday 07-04-2027
Ramayana Week Wednesday 07-04-2027
To Thursday 15-04-2027
Ramanavami Thursday 15-04-2027
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 20-04-2027
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday 17-08-2027
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 25-08-2027
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 04-09-2027
Pitr-paksha Thursday 16-09-2027
To Wednesday 29-09-2027
Navaratri Thursday 30-09-2027
To Friday 08-10-2027
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Wednesday 06-10-2027
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Saturday 09-10-2027
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 29-10-2027
Vikram New Year 2084 Saturday 30-10-2027
Buddha Purnima Thursday 20-05-2027
Guru Purnima Sunday 18-07-2027

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2084)

Hindu Festivals
2028
Makar Sakranti Friday 14-01-2028
Vasant Panchami Monday 31-01-2028
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 23-02-2028
Holi Saturday 11-03-2028
Hindi New Year Monday 27-03-2028
Ramayana Week Monday 27-03-2028
To Monday 03-04-2028
Ramanavami Monday 03-04-2028
Hanuman Jayanti Sunday 09-04-2028
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 05-08-2028
Krishna Janmashthami Sunday 13-08-2028
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 23-08-2028
Pitr-paksha Monday 04-09-2028
To Monday 18-09-2028
Navaratri Tuesday 19-09-2028
To Tuesday 26-09-2028
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 24-09-2028
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 27-09-2028
Deepavali (Diwali) Tuesday 17-10-2028
Vikram New Year 2085 Wednesday 18-10-2028
Buddha Purnima Monday 08-05-2028
Guru Purnima Friday 06-07-2028

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2085)

Hindu Festivals
2029
Makar Sakranti Sunday 14-01-2029
Vasant Panchami Friday 19-01-2029
Maha Shivaratri Sunday 11-02-2029
Holi Thursday 01-03-2029
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Friday 16-03-2029
To Friday 13-04-2029
Hindi New Year Saturday 14-04-2029
Ramayana Week From Saturday 14-04-2029
To Monday 23-04-2029
Ramanavami Monday 23-04-2029
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 28-04-2029
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 23-08-2029
Krishna Janmashthami Saturday 01-09-2029
Ganesh Chaturthi Tuesday 11-09-2029
Pitr-paksha From Sunday 23-09-2029
To Sunday 07-10-2029
Navaratri From Monday 08-10-2029
To Monday 15-10-2029
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Saturday 13-10-2029
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 16-10-2029
Deepavali (Diwali) Monday 05-11-2029
Vikram New Year 2086 Tuesday 06-11-2029
Buddha Purnima Sunday 27-05-2029
Guru Purnima Wednesday 25-07-2029

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2086)

Hindu Festivals
2030
Makar Sakranti Monday 14-01-2030
Vasant Panchami Thursday 07-02-2030
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 02-03-2030
Holi Wednesday 20-03-2030
Hindi New Year Wednesday 03-04-2030
Ramayana Week From Wednesday 03-04-2030
To Friday 12-04-2030
Ramanavami Friday 12-04-2030
Hanuman Jayanti Wednesday 17-04-2030
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday 13-08-2030
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 21-08-2030
Ganesh Chaturthi Sunday 01-09-2030
Pitr-paksha From Thursday 12-09-2030
To Friday 27-09-2030
Navaratri From Saturday 28-09-2030
To Saturday 05-10-2030
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 03-10-2030
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 06-10-2030
Deepavali (Diwali) Saturday 26-10-2030
Vikram New Year 2087 Sunday 27-10-2030
Buddha Purnima Friday 17-05-2030
Guru Purnima Sunday 14-07-2030

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
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Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2087)

Hindu Festivals
2031
Makar Sakranti Tuesday 14-01-2031
Vasant Panchami Monday 27-01-2031
Maha Shivaratri Thursday 20-02-2031
Holi Sunday 09-03-2031
Hindi New Year Sunday 23-03-2031
Ramayana Week From Sunday 23-03-2031
To Monday 01-04-2031
Ramanavami Monday 01-04-2031
Hanuman Jayanti Monday 07-04-2031
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 02-08-2031
Krishna Janmashthami Sunday 10-08-2031
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Tuesday 19-08-2031
To Tuesday 16-09-2031
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 20-09-2031
Pitr-paksha From Wednesday 01-10-2031
To Thursday 16-10-2031
Navaratri From Friday 17-10-2031
To Friday 24-10-2031
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Wednesday 22-10-2031
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Saturday 25-10-2031
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 14-11-2031
Vikram New Year 2088 Saturday 15-11-2031
Buddha Purnima Tuesday 06-05-2031
Guru Purnima Friday 04-07-2031

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
============

The Scientific Dating of the Mahabharat War 4th Dec. 7571


Check out this video on YouTube:

Krishna’s Lost City Dwarka.

The Scientific Dating of the Mahabharata War 4th Dec. 7571

The Scientific Dating of the Mahabharata War

By Dr.P.V.Vartak

<;<; Index

Introduction

Inscriptions

Aihole inscription

Borala Hisse inscription of Deva Sena

Greek records

Shrimad bhagwat

Yudhishtira Era and Kaliyug

Saptarishis

Equinox

Astrology

archaeology

The exact date of Mahabharata War

Saturn

Rahu

Jupiter

Mars

Heliocentric and geocentric

Leap year

Uranus

Neptune

Pluto

Additional evidence

Conclusion

Appendix

References

Introduction

The Mahabharata has exercised a continuous and pervasive influence on the Indian mind for millenium. The Mahabharata, originally written by Sage Ved Vyas in Sanskrit, has been translated and adapted into numerous languages and has been set to a variety of interpretations. Dating back to “remote antiquity”, it is still a living force in the life of the Indian masses.

Incidently, the dating of the Mahabharata War has been a matter of challenge and controversy for a century or two. European scholars have maintained that the events described in the ancient Sanskrut texts are imaginary and subsequently, the Mahabharat derived to be a fictitious tale of a war fought between two rivalries. Starting from the so- called Aryan invasion into Bharat, the current Bharatiya chronology starts from the compilation of the Rigveda in 1200 B.C., then come other Ved’s, Mahaveer Jain is born, then Gautam Buddha lives around 585 B.C. and the rest follows. In the meantime, the Brahmans, Samhi- tas, Puranas, etc. are written and the thought contained therein is well-absorbed among the Hindu minds. Where does the Ramayan and Mahabharat fit in ? Some say that the Ramayan follows Mahabharat and some opine otherwise. In all this anarchy of Indian histography, the date of the Mahabharat (the mythical story!) ranges between 1000 B.C.to 300 B.C. Saunskrut epics were academically attacked occasion- ally – an attempt to disprove the authencity of the annals noted therein. For example, the European Indologist Maxmuller, tried the interpret the astronomical evidences to prove that the observations recorded in the Hindu scriptures are imaginary, probably because it did not match the prevalent views of European historians!

On the contrary, many Bharatiya scholars have vehemently maintained the actual occurence of the Mahabharat War. Astronomical and literary evidences or clues from the Pauranic and Vaidik texts have been deci- phered to provide a conclusive date for the Mahabharat War. The fifth century mathematician, Aryabhatta, calculated the date of the Mahabharat War to be approximately 3100 B.C. from the planetary posi- tions recorded in the Mahabharat. Prof. C.V. Vaidya and Prof. Apte had derived the date to be 3101 B.C. and Shri. Kota Venkatachalam reckoned it to be 3139 B.C. However, the astronomical data used by the above, and many other, scholars contained some errors as examined by a scho- lar from Pune, Dr. P.V. Vartak. Using astronomical references and variety of other sources, Dr. Vartak has derived the date of the ini- tiation of the Mahabharat War to be 16th October 5561 B.C. This pro- posed date has been examined by a few scholars and has been verfied. This may prove to be a break-through in deciding the chronology of the events in the history of Bharat (and probably the World).

In the following few posts, I have made an attempt to provide a glance at the proofs provided by Dr. Vartak in propounding the date of the very important landmark in the history of Bharat (World?), i.e., Mahabharat War. Only major points have been extracted from two sources: Dr.P.V. Vartak’s Marathi book “Swayambhu” and “Scientific Dating of the Mahabharat War” in English.

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Inscriptions

Some scholars rely on the various inscriptions found in the temples and elsewhere to fix the date of Mahabharat War. If there is no other alternative then this method is tolerable, otherwise it is not reli- able because all the known inscriptions are dated as far back as 400 AD. Those who prepared those inscriptions were not conversant with the scientific methods available now in the modern Science Age. So, why should we depend on the conjectures of the ancient people? Why not use scientific methodology to come to the conclusion ourselves? I will prefer the use of the modern scientific ways to fix the date of Mahabharat War rather than to rely on the Inscriptions which are vague and inconclusive. Let us examine two famous inscriptions always quoted by the scholars.

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Aihole inscription

All the scholars have relied on this inscription found in the Jain Temple at Aihole prepared by one Chalukya King Pulakeshi. It says, according to scholars, that the temple was constructed in 30+3000+700+5 = 3735 years, after the Bharat War and 50+6+500 = 556 years of Shaka era in Kali era. Today Shaka era is 1910. Hence 1910- 556 = 1354 years ago the temple was constructed. Thus the year of inscribing this note is 634 AD. At this time 3735 years had passed from the Bharat War. So the date of the War comes to 3101 BC. This is also the date of Kali Yuga Commencement. Naturally, it is evident that relying on the beginning of Kaliyuga Era and holding that the War took place just before the commencement of Kaliyuga, this inscription is prepared. It is obvious from the Mahabharat that the War did not happen near about the beginning of Kaliyuga. (I have considered this problem fully at a later stage.) If we can see that the inscription is prepared by relying on some false assumption, we have to neglect it because it has no value as an evidence. Moreover the interpretation done by the scholars is doubtful because they have not considered the clauses separately and they held Bharat War and Kali Era as one and the same.

The verse inscribed is :

Trinshatsu Trisahasreshu Bhaaratdahavaditaha | Saptabda Shatayukteshu Gateshwabdeshu Panchasu | Panchashatasu Kalaukale Shatasu Panchashatsu cha | Samatsu Samatitasu Shakaanamapi Bhoobhujaam ||

I would like to interprete the verse considering the clauses of the verse. It says “3030 years from the Bharat War” in the first line, ( Trinshatsu Trisahasreshu Bhaaratdahavaaditaha) where the first clause oF the sentence ends. in the second line, the second clause starts and runs upto the middle of the third line thus ( Saptabda…..Kalaukale) This means 700+5+50 = 755 years passed in the Kali Era. The remaining third clause is ( Shatasu

Here the verse does not specifically say the Shalivahan Shaka but Scholars have taken granted that it is Shalivahan Shaka without any base or reasoning. The verse may have mentioned some other Shaka kings from ancient era. So we we neglect the doubtful part of the Shaka counting which is useless and adhere to the Kali era expressly mentioned. It is clear from the former portion of the verse that 3030 years passed from the Bharat War and 755 years passed from Kali Era. Kali Era started from 3101 BC. 755 years have passed so 3101-755 = 2346 BC is the year when 3030 years had passed from the Bharat War. So 2346+3030 = 5376 BC appears to be the date of Bharat War.

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Hisse Borala inscription of Deva Sena

This inscription is of 5th century AD and scholars hold that it throws light on the time of Mahabharat War. It states. that Saptarshis were in Uttara at the time of this inscription. Scholars hold that Saptarshis were in Magha at the time of Yudhishthira because Varahmihira has stated so in Brihat-Samhita. Scholars also hold that Yudhishthira’s time is 3137 BC. Saptarshis stay in one Nakshtra for 100 years, and there are 27 Nakshatras. Hence Saptarshis would be again in Magha 2700 years later during 4th century BC. From here if we count upto 5th century AD there fall eight Nakshatras. Hence in the 5th century AD, Saptarshis should be in Anuradha and not Uttara. From Anuradha to Uttara Ashadha there is adifference of five Naksha- tras, while from Anuradha to Uttara Phalguni there is a difference of six Nakshatras. So it is quite evident that at the time of Yudhisthira Saptarshis were not in Magha as held by the scholars. Here I have shown a mistake of five to six hundreds of years. More- over, there are three ‘Uttaras’ and the inscription has not stated specifically which Uttara it denotes. Thus this source is unreliable and should be rejected.

I have considered Saptarshi Reckoning in details at a later stage on page 11. While going to examine the sources scientifically, I shall give the honour of the first place to Astronomy. One may question that how far Astronomy was advanced in those olden days? I say affir- matively that Astronomy was far advanced in the ancient times, and the ancient Indian sages had perfected the science of time measure- ment relying on Astronomy.

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Greek records

1. “The Greek Ambassodor Magasthenis has recorded that 138 generations have passed between Krishna and Chandragupta Maurya. Many scholars have taken this evidence, but taking only 20 years per generation they fixed the date of Krishna as 2760 years before Chandragupta. But this is wrong because the record is not of ordinary people to take 20 years per generation. In the matter of general public, one says that when a son is born a new generation starts. But in the case of kings, the name is included in the list of Royal Dynasty only after his corona- tion to the throne. Hence, one cannot allot 20 years to one king. We have to find out the average per king by calculating on various Indian Dynasties. I have considered 60 kings from various dynasties and calculated the average of each king as 35 years. Here is a list of some of important kings with the no. of years ruling.

Chandragupta Mourya 330-298 B.C. 32 years
Bindusar 298-273 B.C. 25 years
Ashok 273-232 B.C. 41 years
Pushyamitra Shunga 190-149 B.C. 41 years
Chandragupta Gupta 308-330 A.D. 22 years
Samudragupta 330-375 A.D. 45 years
Vikramaditya 375-414 A.D. 39 years
Kumargupta 414-455 A.D. 41 years
Harsha 606-647 A.D. 41 years
327 years

The average is 327/9 = 36.3 years.

Multiplying 138 generations by 35 years we get 4830 years before Chan- dragupta Mourya. Adding Chandrgupta’s date 320 B.C. to 4830 we get 5150 B.C. as the date of Lord Krishna.

2. Megasthenis, according to Arian, has written that between Sandro- cotus to Dianisaum 153 generations and 6042 years passed. From this data, we get the average of 39.5 years per king. From this we can cal- culate 5451 years for 138 generations. So Krishna must have been around 5771 B.C.

3. Pliny gives 154 generations and 6451 years between Bacchus and Alexander. This Bacchus may be the famous Bakasura who was killed by Bhimasena. This period comes to about 6771 years B.C.

Thus Mahabharat period ranges from 5000 B.C. to 6000 B.C.

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Shrimad bhagwat

a) Bhagwat gives 28 Kaurava kings from Parikshit to Kshemaka. “From Kshemaka, the Pandava Dynasty will end in Kaliyug, and Magadha Dynasty will start.” [Bhagwad 9-22-45]. This implies that the Pandava kings ruled before the advent of Kaliyug, i.e., before 3101 B.C and Magadha dynasty will not super-impose the Pandava Dynasty.

b) Further it is stated in Bhagwat that after 28 Kaurava kings, Magadha Dynasty would rule and 22 Magadha kings would govern for 1000 years. Here it is given a average of 1000 years for 22 kings. It can be found that the 28 Kaurava kings would have ruled for 1273 years and then Magadha Dynasty started with King Sahadeva, whose son was Somapi. On the other hand, Maghasandhi was the son of Sahadeva and the grand- son of Jarasandha [Ashwamedh-82]. many scholars have neglected this fact and have assumed that this Sahadeva fought in the Mahabharat War and was the son of Jarasandha.

c) Ripunjaya is the last king in the list of 22 Magadhas. But Bhagwat 12.1.2-4 mentions that Puranjaya will be the last king who will be killed by his minister Shunak. It is to be noted that there is no men- tion of the kings between Ripunjaya and Puranjaya. People have wrongly taken the two names as that of one and the same person, without any evidence.

d) Bhagwat 12.1.2-4 state that Shunak would coronate his son Pradyota as the King and later five Kings would rule for 138 years. After this Pradotya Dynasty, Shishunga Kings, 10 in number, would rule for 360 years. Thereafter 9 Nandas would rule for 100 years. Nanda would be destroyed by a Brahmin and Chandragupta would be enthroned. We know that Chandragupta Maurya ascended the throne in 324 B.C. So we can thus calculate backwards:

9 Nandas 100 years
10 Shishungas 360 years
5 Pradotyas 138 years
22 Magadhas 1000 years
28 Kauravas 1273 years
74 Kings 2871 years

We find here only 74 kings, but Megasthenes tells us about 138 kings. So 138-74=64 kings are missing. These may be from the period between Ripunjaya and Puranjaya. Thus calculating from the data of 74 kings who ruled for 2871 years, we get a period of 2496 years for 64 kings. Adding the two we get 5367 years for 138 kings. This is preceding Chandragupta’s time, who came to throne in 324 B.C. Hence, 324+5367 = 5691 B.C. is the approximate date of Parikshit.

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Yudhishtira Era and Kaliyug

Scholars accept the date of the Mahabharat War to be 3100 B.C. which also happens to the initiation of the Yudhisthira Era. But this Era, is mentioned nowhere in the Mahabharat text itself! At the time of Aswamedha of Yudhisthira, Vyas has given descriptions in minute detail like collection of “Sruva”, formation of wells and lakes, but never has written even a word about, such an important event, as the begin- ning of the Yudhisthira Era.

Mahabharat also never mentions anything about the beginning of the Kaliyug, even at the time of Krishna’s death. Mahabharat Adiparva 2.13 states that the War took place in the interphase (“Antare”) of the Dwapaar and Kali Eras. Thus it makes it clear that the evening of the Dwapaar has not yet ended and the Kaliyug had not started when the War took place.

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Saptarishis

Bhagwat states at 12.2.27-32 that Saptarishis stay 100 years in one Nakshatra. At the time of King Parikshit, the Saptarishis were in Magha. When they proceeded to Purvashadha, Kali would start. There are 11 Nakshatras from Magha to Purvashadha. Hence it is seen that Shukacharya tells Parikshit that after 1100 years Kaliyug will start. Kaliyug started at 3101 B.C. Hence 3101 + 1100 = 4201 B.C. is the date of Parikshit.

Other references from Shrimad Bhagwat points quite closely to the same year as above.

But who is this Parikshit ? Is he the son of Abhimanyu ? No. A minute observation of this reveals that the above is not Abhimanyu’s son because Bhagwat is told to this Parikshit. On the other hand, Mahabharat is told to Janamejaya. In the Mahabharat, Parikshit’s death has been recorded. Hence it is evident that Mahabharat was written and published after the death of Parikshit, the son of Abhimanyu. Bhagwat is written after Mahabharat according to the Bhagawat itself. This Bhagwat is told to some Parikshit. How can this Parikshit be the son of Abhimanyu who died before the Mahabharat writing ? So this Parikshit appears to be somebody else than Abhimanyu’s son.

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Equinox

Mahabharat mentions the ancient tradition as ‘Shravanadini Nakshatrani’,i.e., Shravan Nakshatra was given the first place in the Nakshatra- cycle (Adi-71/34 and Ashvamedh 44/2) Vishwamitra started counting the Nakshatras from Shravan when.he created ‘Prati Srushti’. He was angry with the old customs. So he started some new customs. Before Vishvamitra’s time Nakshatras were counted from the one which was occupied by the sun on the Vernal Equinox. Vishvamitra changed this fashion and used diagonally opposite point i.e. Autumnal Equinox to list the Nakshtras. He gave first place to Shravan which was at the Autumnal Equinox then. The period of Shravan Nakshatra on autumnal equinox is from 6920 to 7880 years B.C. This was Vishvamitra’s period at the end of Treta yuga. Mahabharat War took place at the end of Dwapar yuga. Subtracting the span of Dwapar Yuga of 2400 years we get 7880 – 2400 = 5480 B.C. as the date of Mahabharat War.

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Astrology

Some scholars rely on the horoscope of Lord Krishna to calculate his birth-date so as to establish the period of Mahabharat. But they do not realise that the horoscope is a forged one, prepared many thousand years after Krishna’s death. Mahabharat Bhagvat and Vishnu purana have not given the planet positions at the time of Krishna’s birth. It is well-known and is recorded in many scriptures that Krishna was born in a jail, then who could have casted his horoscope? Moreover Krishna was not a prince so nobody would have casted his horoscope. Hence it is not wise to rely on the horoscope. It is prepared recently by consid- ering the charateristics of Krishna and so is useless to fix the birth-date.

Mr. G.S. Sampath Iyengar and Mr. G.S. Sheshagiri have fixed the birth-date of Krishna as 27th July 3112 BC. ‘The horoscope shows Lagna and Moon 52 deg. 15′ Rohini, Jupiter 91 deg. 16′ Punarvasu, Sun 148 deg. 15′ Uttara Phalguni, Mercury 172 deg. 35′ Hasta, Venus 180 deg. 15′ Chitra, Saturn 209 deg. .57′ Vishakha, Mars 270 deg. 1′ Uttara Ashadha Rahu, 160 deg. 1’.

At present on 27th July 1979 the Sun was at 99 deg. 57′, while at Krishna’s birth, according to their opinion, the sun was at 148 deg. 15′. The difference is 48 deg. 18′. This shows that the Sun has receded back by 48 deg. 18′ due to the precession at the rate of 72 years per degree. multiplying 48 deg. 18′ by 72 we get 3456 years. This shows that Krishna was born 3456 years ago or substracting 1979 from it we can say that Krishna was born during 1477 BC. Thus 3112 BC is found to be wrong. We cannot accept such a wrong date derived from a manipulated borscope. (This horoscope is printed in “The Age of Bharat War” on page 241-Publisher, Motilal Banarasidas 1979).

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Archeaology

In 1971, when I hinted at the date of Mahabharat war as 5500 years BC, Archeaologists frowned at me saying it as impossible because no cul- ture was found in India dating so much back. But now evidences are pouring in Archeaology itself showing cultures in India upto 30000 to 40000 years BC. Padmashri Late Mr. V.S. Wakankar has dated the paint- ings in the caves of Bhimbetaka of Madhya Pradesh to about 40000 BC.

Recently Dr. S.B. Rao, Emeritus Scientist of the National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa, 403004, has discovered under the sea, Dwaraka and dated it as between 5000 to 6000 BC. This news has been published by all the leading newspapers on 22th October 1988.

Motilal Banarasidas News Letter October 1988 gives a news on page 6 under the heading “50,000 year old Relics” as follows:

Spectacular culture and physical relics dating back to 50,000 years BC have been excavated from the Central Narmada Valley in Madhya Pradesh. A team of Anthropological survey of India recently con- ducted the excavation. It explored sites in two districts Sebore and Hoshangabad.

In my book “Vastava Ramayan” I have shown the presence of culture in India as far back as 72000 years B.C. This recent news points to that ancient period. I am sure after some time Arecheaology may get evi- dence to show the presence of culture in India 72000 BC.

In Vastava Ramayan I have shown that Bali, the demon king went to south America during 17000 BC when the vernal equinox was at Moola Nakshatra. MLBD News letter Oct. 1988 gives a news thus :-“Dravidians in America” – According to a press report the Brazillian nuclear phy- sicist and researcher Arysio Nunes dos santos holds that the Dravi- dians of South India reached America much before Christopher Columbus.

Mr. Nunes dos Santos, of the’ Federal University of Minas Gerais maintains that the Dravidians colonised a vast South American region 11000 years before the Europians reached the new world. Vestiges of the Dravidian presence in America, he says, include the strange phonetics of Gourani, Paraguay’s national language. Moreover Bananas, Pine Apple, Cocunut and Cotton, all grown in India could have been taken to America by those navigators.

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The exact date of Mahabharat War

16th october 5561 year B.C.

Harivansh (Vishnu Purana A. 5) states that when Nanda carried Krishna to Gokul on Shravan Vadya Navami day, there was dry cow-dung spread all over the ground and trees were cut down. The presence of Dry Cowdung all over in Gokul indicates the presence of Summer in the month of Shravan. Trees are usually cut down in Summer to be used as fuel in the rainy season. The seasons move one month backwards in two thousand years. Today the rainy season starts in Jeshtha but two thousand years ago, at the time of KaIidas, rainy season used to start in Ashadha. At the time of Krishna’s birth the Summer was in the month of Shravan while today it is in Vaishakha. Thus the summer is shifted by four months, hence Krishna’s period comes to 4×2000 = 8000 years ago approximately. This means about 6000 years B.C., the same period we have seen above.

At the time of Mahabharat, the Vernal Equinox was at Punarvasu. Next to Punarvasu is Pushya Nakshtra. Vyas used “Pushyadi Ganana” for his Sayan method, and called Nirayan Pushya as Sayan Ashvini. He shifted the names of further Sayan Nakshtras accordingly. At that time Winter Solstice was on Revati, so Vyas gave the next Nakshatra Ashvini the first palee in the Nirayan list of Nakshatras. Thus he used Ashvinyadi Ganana for the Nirayan method. Using at times Sayan names and at times Nirayan names of the Nakshatras, Vyas prepared the riddles. By the clue that Nirayan Pushya means Sayan Ashvini, it is seen that Nirayan names of Nakshatras are eight Nakshatras ahead of the Sayan names Thus the Saturn in Nirayan Purva, and Sayan Rohini, Jupiter was in Nirayan Shravan, and Sayan Swati (near Vishakha), while the Mars was in Nirayan Anuradha, and Sayan Magha, Rahu was between Chitra and Swati, by Sayan way means it was in Nirayana. Uttara Ashadha (8 Nakshtras ahead). From these positions of the major planets we can calculated the exact date. My procedure is as follows:

I found out that on 5th May 1950, the Saturn was in Purva Phalguni. From 1950 I deducted 29.45 years to get the year 1920 when the Saturn was again in Purva. In this way I prepared a vertical column of the years when the Saturn was in Purva. Similarly, I prepared vertical columns of the years when the Jupiter was in Shravan and Rahu in Uttara Ashadha. Then I searched in horizontally to find out the year common in all the three columns. It was 5561-62 B.C. when all the three great planets were at the required places. Then I proceded for the detailed calculations.

Bhisma expired at the onset of Uttarayan i.e. on 22nd December. This is a fixed point according to the modern Scientific Calendar. He was on the arrow-bed for 58 nights and he had fought for ten days. Hence 68 days earlier than 22nd December the War had started. This shows that the War started on 16th October. We have to calculate the plane- tary positions of 16th October 5561 B.C.

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Saturn

Encyclopedia of Astronomy by Larousse states that one rotation of Saturn takes 26 years and 166 days. One year means 365.25 days. So the Saturn’s round takes 29.4544832 years.

5th May 1950, Saturn conjugated with Purva. We have to see its posi- tion in 5561 years B.C. 5561+1950 = 7511 years. 7511 divided by 29.4544832 gives 255.00362 rounds. This means that Saturn completed 255 rounds and has gone ahead by 0.00362 or 1.3 degrees. Hence Saturn was in conjugation with Purva on 5th May 5561 B.C. On 16th October’ 5562nd B.C. i.e. 164 days later it must have travelled (0.0334597 degrees (daily pace) multiplied by 164 days =) 5.487 degrees. So Saturn was at 141 degrees or in Purva Nakshatra.

In October 1962, Saturn was at 281 dgrs. 1962 + 5561 = 7523 years. 7523 devided by 29.4544832 gives 255.41103 turns. After completing 255 full turns, Saturn has gone back by 0.411003 turn i.e. 148 dgrs. 281-148= 133 degrs. This was the position of Saturn in Purva.

Calculating from 1931 or 1989 also Saturn appears at 141 dgrs. in Purva. Thus on 16th of October 5562nd B.C. Saturn was in Purva as told by Vyas in Mahabharat.

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Rahu

Rahu takes 18.5992 years per rotation. It was at 132 dgrs. on 16th Oct. 1979. 1979 + 5561 = 7540, divided by 18.5992 gives 405.39378 turns. 0.39378 turns means 141.7 dgrs. Rahu always goes in reverse direction. We have to go in the past, so adding 141.7 to orginal 132 we get 273 dgrs. This is Uttarashadha where Rahu was situated (by Nirayan method).

Calculations from 1989, 1962 and 1893 confirm Rahu in Uttara Ashadha.

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Jupiter

Jupiter takes 11.863013 years per rotation. On 16th October 1979, it was at 129 dgrs. 1979+5561 = 7540. 7540 divided by 1.863013 gives 635.58892 turns. 0.58892 turn means 212 dgrs. So Jupiter was 212 dgrs behind the orginal position. 129 – 212 = -83. -83 means 360 – 83 = 277 degree 277 dgrs is the position of the star of Shravan. So Jupiter was in conjugation with Shravan. The span of Shravan is 280 deg. to 293 deg.

Calculations from 1989, 1932 and 1977 show Jupiter in 285 and 281 degrees or in the zone of Shravan. This confirms the position told by Vyas.

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Mars

Mars takes 1.88089 years per rotation. On 16th October 1979, Mars was at 108 dgrs. 1979 + 5561 = 7540 yrs. 7540 divided by 1.88089 gives 4008.7405 turns. 0.7405 turns means 266 dgrs., Mars was 266 dgrs behind the original position of 108 deg. 108 – 266 = 158. 360 – 158 = 202 deg. This is just beyond the star of Vishakha which is at 200 dgrs. Though in Vishakha-zone Mars has crossed the Star of Vishakha and intends to go in Anuradha, so the description of Vyas as “Anurad- ham Prarthayate” that it requests or appeals Anuradha, appears to be correct.

Calculations from 1962 and 1900 show Mars at 206 and’ 208 dgrs and therefore though in Vishakha, it can be called as appealing Anuradha “Anuradham Prarthayate”. Thus it is seen that Vyas has used tricky but correct terms. He has not written any false statement because he was the Truth-abiding Sage.

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Heliocentric and geocentric

Here an expert may raise a question whether I have used Heliocentric method or Geocentric method. I make it clear here that I have used the Heliocentric method that means I have considered the rotations of planets around the Sun. But after fixing the position of the planet around the Sun I have also seen where that planet will be seen from the earth.

I would like the scholars to consider one more point here. When I say that an insect is sitting near one o’ clock position on your watch or clock, one may think that the insect is between 12 and 1 while other may think that it is between 1 and 2. So the span to find that insect is from 12 to 2. Similarly Vyas has mentioned the Nakshatra in the vicinity of the planet and therefore we have a scope of one Nakshatra on either side to find out the planet. Thus if our answer is between +13 deg. and -13 deg. from the given position we are successful. In my calculations I have achieved the perfect positions, but by chance, somebody gets a different position he is requested to consider a span of -,+ 13 degrees. The positions given by other scholars are far away than the positions recorded by Vyas, so they are not acceptable.

I request the scholars, to be careful while doing calculations not to take a retrograde position of the present planet, because that may give a false position. Please note that all the planets become retro- grade only apparently when our earth is approaching them. We need not consider their retrograde motion each year because their rotational periods around the Sun are fixed and in that they are seen retrograde from the earth apparently. We have to see if the last position of the planet is retrograde. This can be done easily by considering the position of the Sun and planet. Any external planet becomes retrograde when it is in the house from 5th to 9th from the Sun.

Leap year

Please note that i have taken 365.25 days for a solar year. It covers the general leap years, but it does not take into account the leap years abandoned at centuries. At the interval of 400 years leap years are taken according to the modern scientific calendar. If these cen- tury years are considered, there may be an error of 50 days in 7500 years duration. As for dates these 50 days are automatically accounted for because we have taken the winter solstice as fixed on 22nd December, and it is referred by Vyas, while describing Bhishma’s death. As far as the planets like Saturn, Rahu and Jupiter are con- cerned 50 days are immaterial because in 50 days the Saturn will move only 1.6 deg. while Jupiter 4.1 deg. as an average. Hence their error is negligible.

Now, we have seen that all the four important planets satisfy their positions as told by Vyas on 16th October 5562nd B.C. Hence we have no other way but to accept this date as the exact date of Mahabharat War.

Please note that, so far, not a single Scholar has shown a date with the planetary positions satisfying the description by Vyas in Mahabharat. Late Mr. C. V. Vaidya and Prof. Apte show 3102 B.C., but their Mars is in Ashadha, Jupiter is in Revati, Saturn in Shatataraka and Rahu in Jeshtha. Prof. K. Shrinivasraghavan, Mr. Sam- pat Ayangar and Sheshagiri show 3067 B.C. but they put Jupiter and Saturn in Rohini and Sun, Rahu, Mars in Jeshtha. Garga, Varahmihir and Tarangini show 2526 Before Shaka i.e. 2449 B.C. But their Mars comes in Dhanishtha, Jupiter and Saturn in Bharani and Rahu in Hasta. P.C. Sengupta gives 2448 with Saturn 356 deg., Jupiter 8 deg., Mars 157 deg., Venus 200 deg., Sun 200 deg., (Ancient Indian chronology” Calcutta University). The Western scholars as well as Romeshchandra Datta and S. B. Roy show 1424 B.C. but their Saturn is in Shata- taraka, Jupiter in Chitra, Rahu in Purva and Sun in Anuradha with no eclipse. Billandi Ayer shows 1193 years B.C. but his Mars comes in Mula, Jupiter in Purva Bhadrapada, Saturn in Purva Ashadha and Rahu in Punarvasu. At 900 B.C. as is proposed by many other scholars, Jupiter comes in Mula, Rahu in Vishakha and Saturn in Jeshtha. Thus not a single scholar could coroborate his date with the facts written by Vyas.Hence, their dates have to be dismissed. (C. V. Vaidya’s Upasamhar page 94.” Age of Mahabharat War”).

I have shown all the planetary positions correct to the description of Mahabharat. In addition I have shown that the seasons tally with my date, and the seasons never tally with other dates. I have solved all the planetary riddles from Mahabharat which nobody could dare. So 16th October 5562nd BC. is the exact date of the first day of the Mahabharat War. At the beginning of the War, Vyas promised Dhrutarashtra that he will write history of the Kauravas; so most probably Vyas must have written the Astronomical data immediately.

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Uranus (known to Vyas in 5561 B.C)

All the planets, viz., Sun, Moon, Mars, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn and Rahu show correct positions mentioned in the Mahabharat on 16th December 5561 B.C. This must be the exact date of the Mahabharat War. After pin-pointing the exact date, it struck to me that the three additional planets mentioned with positions by Vyas, may be Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. Vyas has named them as Shveta, Shyama and Teevra. Let us see if the conjecture is correct. We have to prove this with the help of Mathematics, because we have to go scientifically.

Vishesheena hi Vaarshneya Chitraam Pidayate Grahah….[10-Udyog.143]
Shevtograhastatha Chitraam Samitikryamya Tishthati….[12-Bheeshma.3]

In these two stanzas, Vyas states that some greenish white (Shveta) planet has crossed Chitra. This means that the planet was in Swati (or Vishakha, because Chitra and Swati are close together). This is the Sayan position hence Nirayan position is eight Nakshatras ahead in Shravan (or Dhanishtha). Neelakantha calls this “Mahapata” which means having greater orbit. Greater orbit indicates a planet beyond Saturn. Hence I assumed Shveta to be Uranus. Let us calculate and see if this true.

In October 1979, Uranus was at 206 degrees. Uranus takes 84.01 years per rotation. 1979 + 5561 = 7540. 7540/84.01 = 89.75122 turns. 0.75122 rotation means 270.4392 degrees. 206-270 = -64 = 296 degrees. This comes in the zone of Dhanishtha, but the star of Dhanishtha is at 297 degrees, so the position given by Vyas is confirmed. Hence Shveta must be Uranus.

In October 1883, Uranus was at 151 degrees. 1883 + 5561 = 7444 years. 7444/84.01 = 86.608498 rotations. 0.608498 turn means 219 degrees. 151-219 = 292 degrees. This is Shravan Nakshatra. So Uranus was in Shravan during Mahabharat War as stated by Vyas under the name of “Shveta”.

1930 calculations show Uranus to be at 292.54 degrees or Shravan. Thus our mathematics proves that Vyas has given correct position of Uranus under the name of Shveta. This proves that Vyas had the knowledge of Uranus under the name of Shveta, supposed to have recently discovered by Herschel in 1781. Shveta means greenish white. Uranus is actually greenish white in colour. So Vyas must have seen Uranus with this own eyes. Uranus is of 6th magnitude and is visible to the naked eye according to the modern science.

Neelakantha of 17th century also had the knowledge of Uranus or Shveta. He writes in his commentary on Mahabharat (Udyog 143) that Shveta, or Mahapata was a famous planet in the Astronomical science of India. Neelakantha was about 100 years before Herschel, who sup- posedly discovered Uranus. So we can conclude that one hundred before Herschel, Uranus was known to the Indian Astronomers and Vyas had discovered it at or before 5561 year B.C.

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Neptune (was known to Vyas in 5561 B.C.)

In 1781 A.D., Herschel discovered Uranus; but its calculated positions never corroborated with the actual positions. So the experts thought of another planet beyond Uranus. They fixed its position by mathemat- ics, and at that site, it was discovered by German Astronomers in 1846 A.D. I have found that Neptune is also mentioned by Vyas in Mahabharat, under the name of “Shyama”.

Shukrahah Prosthapade Poorve Samaruhya Virochate Uttare tu Parikramya Sahitah Samudikshyate….[15-Bheeshma.3] Shyamograhah Prajwalitah Sadhooma iva Pavakah Aaindram Tejaswi Naksha- tram Jyesthaam Aakramya Tishthati…[16-Bheeshma.3]

Here Vyas says that there was some luminary with Venus in Poorva Bha- drapada. He adds further that a bluish white (Shyama) planet was in Jyeshtha and it was smoky (Sadhoom). Saayan Jyeshta means Nirayan Poorva Bhadrapada, so this is the description of one and the same planet named by Vyas as Shyama. Neelkantha calls it “Parigha” in his commentary on Mahabharat. Parigha means circumference, so this planet may be at the circumference of our solar system.; and so may be Nep- tune. Let us see by Mathematics is this statement is true. We will determine the position of Neptune on 16th December 5561 B.C.

Neptune takes 164.78 years per rotation. It was at 234 degrees in 1979. 1979 + 5561 = 7540 years. 7540 divided by 164.78 gives 45.75798 rotations. 0.75798 turn means 272.87 degrees. 234 – 272.87 = -38.87 = 321.13 degrees. This is the site of Poorva Bhadrapada. So Neptune was in Poorva-Bhadrapada during 5561 B.C.

In 1948, Neptune was at 172 degres. 1948 + 5561 = 7509. 7509/164.78 gives 45.56985 turns. 0.56985 turn means 205 degrees. 172-205 = -33 =360-33 = 327 deg. This is the zone of Poorva Bhadrapada.

In 1879, Neptune was at 20 degrees. 1879 + 5561 = 7440 years. 7440 divided by 164.78 gives 45.15111 turns. 0.15111 turn means 54.39 deg. 20 – 54.39 = -34.39 = 360 – 34.39 = 325.61 degrees. This is Poorva- Bhadrapada.

Thus the position of Shyama or Parigha is factually proved in the case of Neptune. Thus, we conclude that Vyas did know Neptune too. Vyas might have got his knowledge by Yogic Power or by Mathematics or by using telescopic lenses. Mathematics was far advanced then, that is why ancient Indian sages fixed the rate of precession of Equinoxes accurately. Even the world famous scientist Gamov praised the sages for their remarkable work in Mathematics. So could have mathematically calculated the position of Shyama or Neptune.

Mirrors are mentioned in the Mahabharat. So lenses too might have been present at that time. They had Microscopic Vision (Shanti A. 15,308). As microscopic vision was present, there might be telescopes too. Planets can be seen with mirrors as well as lenses. Vyas must have “seen” Neptune; its proof lies in the fact that he says that it is bluish white (Shyama). Neptune is, in fact, bluish white in colour. Hence we conclude that Neptune was known to Vyas in 5561 B.C.

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Pluto (was also known to Vyas in 5561 B.C)

Krittikaam Peedayan Teekshnaihi Nakshatram……[30-Bheeshma.3]

Vyas states that there was one Nakshatra, i.e, some immobile liminary troubling Krittika (Pleides) with its sharp rays. This “star” in Krit- tika must have been some “planet”. It must have been stationary for many years, that is why Vyas called it Nakshatra which means a thing that does not move according to Mahabharat itself [Na Ksharati Iti Makshatram].

Hence the Nakshatra was a planet moving very slowly like pluto which takes nine years to cross one Nakshatra of 13 degrees. My assumption that this Nakshatra was Pluto gets confirmed by B.O.R.I (Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute?) Edition which states thus :

Krittikasu Grahasteevro Nakshatre Prathame Jvalan…… [26- Bhishma.3]

Some editions mention ‘Grahasteekshnah’. Thus Teevra, Teekshana and Nakshatra are the names of one and the same planet (graha) which was in Krittlka in 5561 B.C. Let us see if Vyas has given these names to Pluto and if Pluto was in Krittika. It is stated that Krittika was troubled with sharp rays by that planet – this indicates that it was Nirayan Krittika.

Pluto was at 175 degrees in 1979. It takes 248 years per rotation. 1979+5561=7540 years. 7540 divided by 248 gives 30.403223 turns. 0.403223 turn means 145 degrees. 175 – 145 = 30 degrees. This is the site of Krittika. Thus it is proved beyond doubt that Vyas bas men- tioned the position of Pluto, which was discovered to the modern world in 1930. Vyas could have used his Yogic Vision or mathematical brain or a lens or some other device to discover Teevra, Teekshna’ or Nakshatra or Pluto.

Thus all the three so-called ‘New’ planets are discovered from Mahabharat. It is usually held that before the discovery of Herschel in 1781 AD, only five planets were known to the world. This belief is wrong because Vyas has mentioned ‘seven Great planets’, three times in Mahabharat.

Deepyamanascha Sampetuhu Divi Sapta Mahagrahah….[2-Bhishma.17]

This stanza states that the seven great planets were brilliant and shining; so Rahu and Ketu are out of question. Rahu and Ketu are described as Graha’ 23 meaning Nodal points. (Parus means a node). Evidently Rahu and Ketu are not included in these seven great planets. The Moon also is not included, because it was not visible on that day of Amavasya with Solar Eclipse. From the positions discovered by me and given by Vyas it is seen that Mars, Sun, Mercury, Jupiter, Uranus, Venus and Neptune were the seven great planets accumulated in a small field extending from Anuradha to Purva Bhadrapada. So they appeared to Ved-Vyas as colliding with each other, during total solar eclipse.

Nissaranto Vyadrushanta Suryaat Sapta Mahagrahah….[4-Karna 37].

This stanza clearly states that these seven great planets were ‘seen’ moving away from the Sun. As these are ‘seen’, Rahu and Ketu are out of question. This is the statement of sixteenth day of the War, naturally the Moon has moved away from the Sun. Hence, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Uranus, Venus and Neptune are the seven great planets mentioned by Vyas.

Praja Samharane Rajan Somam Sapta grahah Iva……[22-Drona 37].

Here again seven planets are mentioned, excluding the Moon.

Even if we do not consider the planetary positions, from the above three stanzas, it is clear that seven planets are mentioned which do not include the Sun, Moon, Rahu and Ketu. Naturally the conclusion is inevitable that Vyas did know Uranus (Shveta) and Neptune (Shyama) as planets.

If they were known from 5561 years B.C. then why they got forgotten ? The answer is simple, that these two planets, Uranus and Neptune were not useful in predicting the future of a person. So they lost impor- tance and in the course of time they were totally forgotten. But, in any case, Neelakantha from 17th century knew these two planets very weIl. Neelakantha is about a hundered years ancient than Her- schel, and he writes that Mahapata (Uranus) is a famous planet in the Astronomical science of India. He also mentions the planet ‘Parigha’ i.e. Neptune. 22 So both were known in India, at least one Hundered years before Herschel. Vyas is 7343 years ancient than Herschel, but still he knew all the three planets Uranus, Neptune and Pluto.

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Additional evidence

Kshaya or Vishvaghasra Paksha

A fortnight of only thirteen days is told by Vyasa which occured just before the great War. Such a fortnight comes at the interval of 22 years. Calculations show that at 5562nd B.C. Kshaya Paksha did occur. It had occured 1962 and 1940. 1962+5562 = 7524 is completely divisi- ble by 22.

Amavasya confirmed

Krishna and Karna fixed the day of War on Amavasya (Udyog 142). Vyas also indicates in Bhishma 2 & 3 that the War started on the day second Amayasya, because two successive Amavasyas appeared then. Bhishma died on the day after 67 (58+9) nights from the onset of the War, on the occasion Uttarayan i.e. 22nd December. So the War must have commenced on 16th October. Let us see if Amavasya comes on this day.

In 1979, Amavasya was on 21st of October. Amavasyas repeat after the intervals of 29.53058 days. The Lunar year is of 354.367 days while the Solar year is 365.25 days. 1979+5561 = 7540 multiplied by 365.25 and divided by 354.367 gives 7771.5616 Lunar years. 0.5616 Lunar year means 199.0125 days. 199.0125 divided by 29.53058 gives 6.7392005. This indicates that 6 Amavasyas are completed and 0.7392005 lunar month or 22 days are left. These 22 days are left for 21st October and we have to go behind upto 16th October. So adding these 6 days to 22 we get 28 days. After 28 days Amavasya can occur. After 29 days it always occurs. Thus on 15th and 16th October 5562nd year B.C, there were two successive amavasyas as mentioned by Vyas.

Another method gives the same conclusion. At the interval of 19 years the Amavasya falls on the same date. 19×365.25 divided by 29.53058 gives 235.00215. So in 19 years 235 Amavasya are completed. I found that on 17th October 1963, there was an Amavasya. 1963+5561 = 7524 divided by 19 gives 396. This division is complete, so there was an Amavasya. Thus it is established that Vyas has reported Amavasya correctly.

Eclipses

Vyas has mentioned that there was Solar as well as Lunar eclipses in one month at the time of Mahabharat War. Calculations confirm that in October 5561 year B.C, both the Solar and Lunar eclipses did occur. Rahu and Ketu were in Uttara Ashadha at 273 deg. & 279 deg. so total eclipse of the Sun took place on the Margashirsha Amavasya day Only 13 days earlier, according to Vyasa, there was Pournirma with lunar eclipse, causing pallor of the Moon. Thirteen days earlier the sun would have been 13 deg. behind at (279 – 13 =) 266 in Purva Ashadha. It was Pournima so the Moon was diagonally opposite at (266-180=) 86 deg. in Punarvasu, just beyond Mruga, so it was Margashirsha Pournima though it is wrongly or enigmatically told to be Kartika Pournima. Rahu was at 273 deg., so Ketu was diagonally opposite in Punarvasu, so the ellipse of the moon was possible which was not total.

A Big comet

Vyas has mentioned that at the time of Mahabharat War a big comet was seen just beyond Pushya Nakshtra. There are many comets. Indian Astro- nomical works refer to more than 500 comets, but big comets are very few. Haley’s comet is one of the big comets which comes at the regu- lar intervals of 77 years. It was seen in 1910 and 1987. If we add 1910+5561 = 7271. 7271 is divisible completely by 77. Evidently it seems that it was Haley’s comet was seen at the Mahabharat War.

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Conclusion

All the twelve planets confirm their said positions on 16th October 5561 years B.C. along with two Amavasyas, two eclipses, Kshaya Paksha and a Comet. Thus, in all 18 mathematical positions fix the same date. Therefore, we have to accept this date of the Mahabharat War, if we want to be scientific. Please note that all the twelve planets will come in the same positions again only after 2229 crores of years. That means it will never happen again in the life of our earth, because life of the earth is only 400 crores of years. So the date of the Mahabharat War is pin-pointed as 16th October 5561 B.C.

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Appendix

Hereunder is provided a short table dates of important Mahabharat events in years. (Dates and Tithis in years in Rama Samvat assuming Shri Rama Samvat 1st January. 1 equivalent to 1st Jan 7323 B.C. Rama’s birth date has been conclusively proved to be 4th Dec. 7323 B.C.( “Vastav Ramayan“).

Event Date
Going to forest 4th Sept. 5574 BC
Kitmeet Killed 7th Sept. 5574 BC
Going underground 19th May 5562 BC
Keechak killed 1st April 5561 BC
Anukeechak-Massacre 2nd April 5561 BC
End of secret life 9th April 5561 BC
Cows stolen 15th April 5561 BC
Arjuna exposed 16th April 5561 BC
All pandavas exposed 19th April 5561 BC
Marriage of Uttara & Abhimanyu 4th May.
Krishna set out for a treaty 27th Sept.
Stay at Upaplavya 27th Sept.
Stay at Vrukshthala 28th Sept.
Dinner to Brahmins 29th Sept.
Entry into Hastinapur 30th Sept.
Krishna meets Kunti etc. 1st Oct.
Invited for meeting 2nd Oct.
First meeting 3rd Oct.
Second meeting and an attempt to arrest Krishna. 4th Oct.
Third meeting Vishvaroopa 7th Oct.
Stay at Kunti 8th Oct.
Krishna meets Karna. War fixed 9th Oct.
Krishna returns 9th Oct.
Pandavas preparation Balaram’s visit 11th Oct.
Mahabharat war started 16th Oct.
Abhimanyu killed 28th Oct. 5561 BC.
End of War 2nd November 5561 B.C.
Yudhishthira crowned 16th Nov. 5551 BC.
Bhishma expired 22nd Dec. 5561 BC
Pandava campaign for wealth 15th Jan. 5560 BC
Parikshita born 28th Jan. 5560 BC
Pandavas return 25th Feb. 5560 BC
Ashvamedh Deeksha 1st March 5560 BC
Return of Arjuna Horse 15th Jan. 5560 BC
Ashvamedh yajna 22nd Feb. 5559 BC
Dhrutarashtra went to fores 18th Aug. 5545 BC
Pandavas visited Kunti. Vidura expired 18th Aug. 5543 BC
Death of Kunti, Dhrutarashtra and Gandhari Sept./Oct. 5541 BC
Yadava Massacre 5525 B.C.
Parikshit Dead 5499 B.C.

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References

P.V.Vartak, Swayambhu (in Marathi), Ved Vidnyana Mandal, Pune

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The documentary movie “Krishna: History or Myth” made by Dr Manish Pandit of Saraswati Films (also the person behind the nascent “Do Homam Yourself” movement) is available now in lower resolution for a free viewing onhttp://tinyurl.com/krishnareal (tinyurl dot com slash krishnareal) orhttp://www.saraswatifilms….org/movies.php

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