Energy at the Grassroots: The Business Resource Groups are making a difference!


Energy at the Grassroots: The Business Resource Groups are making a difference!
by Anjali Reddy, Director, Internal Communications
May is Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month in the U.S. because of two important events: the first Japanese immigrants arrived in the U.S. America on May 7, 1843 and the transcontinental railroad, built by many Chinese laborers, was completed on May 10, 1869.
At a celebration on May 8in Lake Forest, Grainger’s Asian Pacific Islander (API) BRG highlighted the API culture and heard from senior leaders, including Mike Pulick, SVP and President, Grainger International; Laura Brown, SVP, Communications and Investor Relations and Executive Sponsor of the API BRG; and Joseph High, SVP and Chief People Officer. Doe Kittay, Vice President, Customer Service and President, API BRG, hosted the event and highlighted the BRG’s mission and wins. The event was webcast to team members across the US and Acklands-Grainger (AGI).
“It was great to see the importance our leaders place on inclusion and what it means for us as a global company,” said Jigisha Bhatt, Program Manager, GIS Brand, Inventory Management.
“All the BRGs provide team members with leadership opportunities and help foster professional growth and multi-cultural understanding,” said Jaqui Robertson, Senior Director, Inclusion and Diversity. “While they were launched in the U.S., we are committed to understanding what makes sense for international teams as well.”
The BRG’s have certainly been active and many efforts are focused on team member development.
The Generational BRG (GBRG) recently hosted an Individual Development Planning (IDP) workshop. “The company is increasingly focused on Talent Excellence and having an IDP can help drive professional and personal growth,” says Al Johnson, Inventory Management Brand Strategy Manager and President, GBRG. “While IDP conversations are taking place between managers and their teams, the BRGs offer another venue for learning about them with peers.” The GBRG is targeting 500 participants this year.

Hindu Festivals


Subject: Hindu Calendar For 21 Years..!
A TREASURE FOR HINDUS…..

Hindu Calendar For 21 Years..!

Very useful Hindu Calendar
for next 21 years..
past… present… And Future
festivals rituals all !

FINALLY, A LINK FOR ALL HINDU FOLLOWERS…
EASY CALENDAR LOOK UP
SAVE THIS LINK.

http://www.hinduism.co.za/hindu.htm#Hindu%20Festivals2008

======= Understanding Hinduism

Hindu Festivals 2031
Hindu Festivals till the end of year 2031

Click on underscored words to click-jump

Hindu Festivals 2000 Hindu Festivals 2001

Hindu Festivals 2002 Hindu Festivals2003

Hindu Festivals 2004 Hindu Festivals 2005

Hindu Festivals 2006 Hindu Festivals 2007

Hindu Festivals 2008 Hindu Festivals 2009

Hindu Festivals 2010 Hindu Festivals 2011

Hindu Festivals 2012 Hindu Festivals 2013

Hindu Festivals 2014 Hindu Festivals 2015

Hindu Festivals 2016 Hindu Festivals 2017

Hindu Festivals 2018 Hindu Festivals 2019

Hindu Festivals 2020 Hindu Festivals 2021

Hindu Festivals 2022 Hindu Festivals 2023
Hindu Festivals 2024 Hindu Festivals 2025

Hindu Festivals 2026 Hindu Festivals 2027

Hindu Festivals 2028 Hindu Festivals 2029

Hindu Festivals 2030 Hindu Festivals 2031

(Vikram Year 2056)

Hindu Festivals 2000
Makarsankranti<;Click for info Friday 14-01-2000
Vasant Panchami <;click info Thursday 10-02-2000
Maha Shivaratri <;click for info Saturday 04-03-2000
Holi <;click for information Sunday 19-03-2000
Hindi New Year Wednesday 05-04-2000
Ramayana Week Wednesday 05-04-2000
To Wednesday 12-04-2000
Ramanavami <;click for info Wednesday 12-04-2000
Hanuman Jayanti <;click info Tuesday 18-04-2000
Raksha-Bandhan<;click info Tuesday 15-08-2000
Krishna Janmashthami<;info Wednesday 23-08-2000
Ganesh Chauth<;click for info Friday 01-09-2000
Pitr-paksha <;click for info Wednesday 13-09-2000
To Wednesday 27-09-2000
Navaratri <;click for information Thursday 28-09-2000
To Friday 06-10-2000
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 05-10-2000
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera)
click for info Saturday 07-10-2000
Deepavali – (Diwali) <;click for information Thursday 26-10-2000
Vikram New Year 2057 Friday 27-10-2000
Buddha Purnima
Guru Purnima

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2057)

Hindu Festivals 2001
Makarsankranti <;click info Sunday 14-01-2001
Vasant panchami Monday 29-01-2001
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 21-02-2001
Holi <;click for information Friday 09-03-2001
Hindi New Year Monday 26-03-2001
Ramayana Week Monday 26-03-2001
To Monday 02-04-2001
Ramanavami Monday 02-04-2001
Hanuman Jayanti Sunday 08-04-2001
Raksha-Bandhan Saturday 04-08-2001
Krishna Janmashthami<;info Sunday 12-08-2001
Ganesh Chauth<;click info Wednesday 22-08-2001
Pitr-Paksha Sunday 02-09-2001
To Monday 17-09-2001
Adhik Maas -Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Tuesday 18-09-2001
To Tuesday 16-10-2001
Navaratri Wednesday 17-10-2001
To Thursday 25-10-2001
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 25-10-2001
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) Friday 26-10-2001
Deepavali – (Diwali) Wednesday 14-11-2001
Vikram New Year 2058 Thursday 15-11-2001
Buddha Purnima Monday 07-05-2001 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima Thursday 05-07-2001 Purnima Asadha

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles:
Moon Calendar

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2058)

Hindu Festivals 2002
Makarsankranti<;click info Monday 14-01-2002
Vasant panchami <;info Sunday 17-02-2002
Maha Shivaratri <; info Wednesday 13-03-2002
Holi <;click for information Thursday 28-03-2002
Hindi New Year Saturday 13-04-2002
Ramayana Week Saturday 13-04-2002
To Sunday 21-04-2002
Ramanavami <;information Sunday 21-04-2002
Hanuman Jayanti <;info Saturday 27-04-2002
Raksha-Bandhan <;info Thursday 22-08-2002
Krishna Janmashthami Friday (Smarta)
Saturday (Vaishnav)

30-08-2002
31-08-2002

Krishna Janmashthami Saturday 31-08-2002
Ganesh Chauth<;click info Tuesday 10-09-2002
Pitr-Paksha Saturday 21-09-2002
To Sunday 06-10-2002
Navaratri <;click for info Monday 07-10-2002
To Tuesday 15-10-2002
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 13-10-2002
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 15-10-2002
Deepavali -(Diwali) <;info Monday 04-11-2002
Vikram New Year 2059 Tuesday 05-11-2002
Buddha Purnima Sunday 26-05-2002 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima Wednesday 24-07-2002 Purnima Asadha
Easter Sunday 31-03-2002

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles
Moon Calendar 2002

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2059)

Hindu Festivals
2003
Makarsankranti<;click information Tuesday 14-01-2003
Vasant panchami <;info Thursday 06-02-2003
Maha Shivaratri <; info Saturday 01-03-2003
Holi <;click for information Monday 17-03-2003
Hindi New Year Wednesday 02-04-2003
Ramayana Week Wednesday 02-04-2003
To Friday 11-04-2003
Ramanavami <;information Friday 11-04-2003
Hanuman Jayanti <;info Wednesday 16-04-2003
Raksha-Bandhan <;info Tuesday 12-08-2003
Krishna Janmashthami <;info Wednesday 20-08-2003
Ganesh Chauth <;click info Sunday 31-08-2003
Pitr-Paksha <;information Wednesday 10-09-2003
To Friday 26-09-2003
Navaratri <;click for info Saturday 27-09-2003
To Saturday 04-10-2003
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 02-10-2003
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) <;info vSunday 05-10-2003
Deepavali -(Diwali) <;info Saturday 25-10-2003
Vikram New Year 2060 Sunday 26-10-2003
Buddha Purnima Friday 16-05-2003 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima <;info Sunday 13-07-2003 Purnima Asadha
Easter Sunday 20-04-2003

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles:
Moon Calendar

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2060)

Hindu Festivals 2004
Makarsankranti Wednesday 14-01-2004
Vasant Panchami Monday 26-01-2004
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 18-02-2004
Holi Saturday 06-03-2004
Hindi New Year Sunday 21-03-2004
Ramayana Week Sunday 21-03-2004
To Tuesday 30-03-2004
Ramanavami Tuesday 30-03-2004
Hanuman Jayanti Monday 05-04-2004
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Sunday 18-07-2004
To Monday 16-08-2004
Raksha-Bandhan Monday 30-08-2004
Krishna Jayanti Monday 06-09-2004
Ganesh Chauth Saturday 18-09-2004
Pitr-Paksha Tuesday 28-09-2004
To Wednesday 13-10-2004
Navaratri Thursday 14-10-2004
To Friday 22-10-2004
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 21-10-2004
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) Friday 22-10-2004
Deepavali – (Diwali) Friday 12-11-2004
Vikram New Year 2061 Saturday 13-11-2004
Buddha Purnima Tuesday 04-05-2004 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima <;info Friday 02-07-2004 Purnima Asadha
Easter Sunday 11-04-2004

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles:
Moon Calendar

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2061)

Hindu Festivals 2005
Makarsankranti Friday 14-01-2005
Vasant Panchami Sunday 13-02-2005
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 08-03-2005
Holi Friday 25-03-2005
Hindi New Year Saturday 09-04-2005
Ramayana Week Saturday 09-04-2005
To Monday 18-04-2005
Ramanavami Monday 18-04-2005
Hanuman Jayanti Sunday 24-04-2005
Raksha-Bandhan Friday 19-08-2005
Krishna Jayanti Saturday 27-08-2005
Ganesh Chauth Wednesday 07-09-2005
Pitr-Paksha Sunday 18-09-2005
To Monday 03-10-2005
Navaratri Tuesday 04-10-2005
To Wednesday 12-10-2005
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Tuesday 11-10-2005
Vijaya Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 12-10-2005
Deepavali – (Diwali) Tuesday 01-11-2005
Vikram New Year 2062 Wednesday 02-11-2005
Buddha Purnima Monday 23-05-2005 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima Thursday 21-07-2005 Purnima Asadha
Easter Sunday 27-03-2005

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles:
Moon Calendar

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2062)

Hindu Festivals
2006
Makar Sakranti Saturday 14-01-2006
Vasant Panchami Thursday 02-02-2006
Maha Shivaratri Sunday 26-02-2006
Holi (Begins on Tuesday
Celebrations on Wednesday) Full Moon
Tuesday)
Wednesday
14-03-2006
15-03-2006
Hindi New Year Thursday 30-03-2006
Ramayana Week Thursday 30-03-2006
To Thursday 06-04-2006
Ramanavami Thursday 06-04-2006
Hanuman Jayanti Thursday 13-04-2006
Raksha Bandhan Wednesday 04-08-2006
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 16-08-2006
Ganesh Chaturthi Sunday 27-08-2006
Pitr-paksha Friday 08-09-2006
To Friday 22-09-2006
Navaratri Saturday 23-09-2006
To Sunday 01-10-2006
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Friday
Saturday 29-09-2006
30-09-2006
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Monday 02-10-2006
Deepavali (Diwali) Saturday 21-10-2006
Vikram New Year 2063 Sunday 22-10-2006
Buddha Purnima Saturday 13-05-2006 Purnima Vaisakha
Guru Purnima Tuesday 11-07-2006 or Purnima Asadha
" " Monday 10-07-2006
Easter Sunday 16-04-2006

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.

Related Articles:
Moon Calendar

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2063)

Hindu Festivals
2007
Makar Sakranti Sunday 14-01-2007
Vasant Panchami Tuesday 23-01-2007
Maha Shivaratri Friday 16-02-2007
Holi (Begins on Sat.
Celebrations on Sunday)
Full Moon
Saturday
Sunday
03-03-2007
04-03-2007
Hindi New Year Monday 19-03-2007
Ramayana Week Monday 19-03-2007
To Tuesday 27-03-2007
Ramanavami Tuesday 27-03-2007
Hanuman Jayanti Monday 02-04-2007
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Thursday 17-05-2007
To Friday 15-06-2007
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday 28-08-2007
Krishna Janmashthami Tuesday 04-09-2007
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 15-09-2007
Pitr-paksha Thursday 27-09-2007
To Thursday 11-10-2007
Navaratri Friday 12-10-2007
To Saturday 20-10-2007
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday
Friday 18-10-2007
19-10-2007
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 21-10-2007
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 09-11-2007
Vikram New Year 2064 Saturday 10-11-2007
Buddha Purnima Wednesday 02-05-2007
Guru Purnima Sunday 29-07-2007
Easter Sunday 08-04-2007

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2064)

Hindu Festivals
2008
Makar Sakranti Monday 14-01-2008
Vasant Panchami Monday 11-02-2008
Maha Shivaratri Thursday 06-03-2008
Holi (Begins on Friday.
Celebrations on
Saturday) Full Moon
Friday
Saturday
21-03-2008
22-03-2008
Hindi New Year Sunday 06-04-2008
Ramayana Week Sunday 06-04-2008
To Monday 14-04-2008
Ramanavami Monday 14-04-2008
Hanuman Jayanti Sunday 20-04-2008
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 16-08-2008
Krishna Janmashthami Sunday 24-08-2008
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 03-09-2008
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 16-09-2008
To Monday 29-09-2008
Navaratri Tuesday 30-09-2008
To Wednesday 08-10-2008
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Monday
Tuesday
06-10-2008
07-10-2008
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Thursday 09-10-2008
Deepavali (Diwali) Tuesday 28-10-2008
Vikram New Year 2065 Wednesday 29-10-2008
Buddha Purnima Monday 19-05-2008
Guru Purnima Friday 18-07-2008
Easter Sunday 23-03-2008

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2065)

Hindu Festivals
2009
Makar Sakranti Wednesday 14-01-2009
Vasant Panchami Saturday 31-01-2009
Maha Shivaratri Monday 23-02-2009
Holi Wednesday 11-03-2009
Hindi New Year Friday 27-03-2009
Ramayana Week Friday 27-03-2009
To Friday 03-04-2009
Ramanavami Friday 03-04-2009
Hanuman Jayanti Thursday 09-04-2009
Raksha Bandhan Wednesday 05-08-2009
Krishna Janmashthami Friday 14-08-2009
Ganesh Chaturthi Sunday 23-08-2009
Pitr-paksha Saturday 05-09-2009
To Friday 18-09-2009
Navaratri Saturday 19-09-2009
To Sunday 27-09-2009
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Friday
Saturday 25-09-2009
26-09-2009
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Monday 28-09-2009
Deepavali (Diwali) Saturday 17-10-2009
Vikram New Year 2066 Sunday 18-10-2009
Buddha Purnima Friday 08-05-2009
Guru Purnima Tuesday 07-07-2009
Easter Sunday 12-04-2009

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2066)

Hindu Festivals
2010
Makar Sakranti Thursday 14-01-2010
Vasant Panchami Wednesday 20-01-2010
Maha Shivaratri Friday 12-02-2010
Holi (Begins on Sunday
Celebrate on Monday) Sunday
Monday 28-02-2010
01-03-2010
Hindi New Year Tuesday 16-03-2010
Ramayana Week Tuesday 16-03-2010
To Wednesday 24-03-2010
Ramanavami Wednesday 24-03-2010
Hanuman Jayanti
Celebrate on Tuesday Monday
Tuesday 29-03-2010
30-03-2010
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Thursday 15-04-2010
To Friday 14-05-2010
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday 24-08-2010
Krishna Janmashthami Thursday 02-09-2010
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 11-09-2010
Pitr-paksha Friday 24-09-2010
To Thursday 07-10-2010
Navaratri Friday 08-10-2010
To Saturday 16-10-2010
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday
Friday 14-10-2010
15-10-2010
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 17-10-2010
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 05-11-2010
Vikram New Year 2067 Saturday 06-11-2010
Buddha Purnima Thursday 27-05-2010
Guru Purnima Sunday 25-07-2010
Easter Sunday 04-04-2010

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2067)

Hindu Festivals
2011
Makar Sakranti Friday 14-01-2011
Vasant Panchami Tuesday 08-02-2011
Maha Shivaratri Thursday 03-03-2011
Holi (Begins on Sat. Celebrate on Sunday) Saturday
Sunday 19-03-2011
20-03-2011
Hindi New Year Monday 04-04-2011
Ramayana Week Monday 04-04-2011
To Tuesday 12-04-2011
Ramanavami Tuesday 12-04-2011
Hanuman Jayanti
Celebrate on Monday Sunday
Monday 17-04-2011
18-04-2011
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 13-08-2011
Krishna Janmashthami Monday 22-08-2011
Ganesh Chaturthi Thursday 01-09-2011
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 13-09-2011
To Tuesday 27-09-2011
Navaratri Wednesday 28-09-2011
To Wednesday 05-10-2011
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Monday
Tuesday 03-10-2011
04-10-2011
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Thursday 06-10-2011
Deepavali (Diwali) Wednesday 26-10-2011
Vikram New Year 2068 Thursday 27-10-2011
Buddha Purnima Tuesday 17-05-2011
Guru Purnima Friday 15-07-2011
Easter Sunday 24-04-2011

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2068)

Hindu Festivals
2012
Makar Sakranti Saturday 14-01-2012
Vasant Panchami Saturday 28-01-2012
Maha Shivaratri Monday 20-02-2012
Holi Thursday 08-03-2012
Hindi New Year Friday 23-03-2012
Ramayana Week Friday 23-03-2012
To Sunday 01-04-2012
Ramanavami Sunday 01-04-2012
Hanuman Jayanti Friday 06-04-2012
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 02-08-2012
Krishna Janmashthami Friday 10-08-2012
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Saturday 18-08-2012
To Sunday 16-09-2012
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 19-09-2012
Pitr- paksha Sunday 30-09-2012
To Monday 15-10-2012
Navaratri Tuesday 16-10-2012
To Tuesday 23-10-2012
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 21-10-2012
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 24-10-2012
Deepavali (Diwali) Tuesday 13-11-2012
Vikram New Year 2069 Wednesday 14-11-2012
Buddha Purnima Sunday 06-05-2012 or
" " Saturday 05-05-2012
Guru Purnima Tuesday 03-07-2012

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2069)

Hindu Festivals
2013
Makar Sakranti Monday 14-01-2013
Vasant Panchami Friday 15-02-2013
Maha Shivaratri Sunday 10-03-2013
Holi Wednesday 27-03-2013
Hindi New Year Thursday 11-04-2013
Ramayana Week Thursday 11-04-2013
To Saturday 20-04-2013
Ramanavami Saturday 20-04-2013
Hanuman Jayanti Thursday 25-04-2013
Raksha Bandhan
or Wednesday
Tuesday 21-08-2013
20-08-2013
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 28-08-2013
Ganesh Chaturthi Monday 09-09-2013
Pitr-paksha Friday 20-09-2013
To Friday 04-10-2013
Navaratri Saturday 05-10-2013
To Sunday 13-10-2013
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Friday 11-10-2013
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Monday 14-10-2013
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 03-11-2013
Vikram New Year 2070 Monday 04-11-2013
Buddha Purnima Saturday 25-05-2013
Guru Purnima Monday 22-07-2013

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2070)

Hindu Festivals
2014
Makar Sakranti Tuesday 14-01-2014
Vasant Panchami Tuesday 04-02-2014
Maha Shivaratri Friday 28-02-2014
Holi Monday 17-03-2014
Hindi New Year Monday 31-03-2014
Ramayana Week Monday 31-03-2014
To Tuesday 08-04-2014
Ramanavami Tuesday 08-04-2014
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 15-04-2014
Raksha Bandhan Sunday 10-08-2014
Krishna Janmashthami Sunday 17-08-2014
Ganesh Chaturthi Friday 29-08-2014
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 09-09-2014
To Wednesday 24-09-2014
Navaratri Thursday 25-09-2014
To Friday 03-10-2014
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Wednesday 01-10-2014
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Saturday 04-10-2014
Deepavali (Diwali) Thursday 23-10-2014
Vikram New Year 2071 Friday 24-10-2014
Buddha Purnima Wednesday 14-05-2014
Guru Purnima Saturday 12-07-2014

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

(Vikram Year 2071)

Hindu Festivals
2015
Makar Sakranti Wednesday 14-01-2015
Vasant Panchami Saturday 24-01-2015
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 17-02-2015
Holi Friday 06-03-2015
Hindi New Year Saturday 21-03-2015
Ramayana Week Saturday 21-03-2015
To Saturday 28-03-2015
Ramanavami Saturday 28-03-2015
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 04-04-2015
Raksha Bandhan Sunday 29-08-2015
Krishna Janmashthami Saturday 05-09-2015
Ganesh Chaturthi Thursday 17-09-2015
Pitr-paksha Monday 28-09-2015
To Monday 12-10-2015
Navaratri Tuesday 13-10-2015
To Wednesday 21-10-2015
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Tuesday 20-10-2015
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Thursday 22-10-2015
Deepavali (Diwali) Wednesday 11-11-2015
Vikram New Year 2072 Thursday 12-11-2015
Buddha Purnima Sunday 03-05-2015
Guru Purnima Friday 31-07-2015

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2072)

Hindu Festivals
2016
Makar Sakranti Thursday 14-01-2016
Vasant Panchami Friday 12-02-2016
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 08-03-2016
Holi Wednesday 23-03-2016
Hindi New Year Friday 08-04-2016
Ramayana Week Friday 08-04-2016
To Friday 15-04-2016
Ramanavami Friday 15-04-2016
Hanuman Jayanti Friday 22-04-2016
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 18-08-2016
Krishna Janmashthami Thursday 25-08-2016
Ganesh Chaturthi Monday 05-09-2016
Pitr-paksha Saturday 17-09-2016
To Friday 30-09-2016
Navaratri Saturday 01-10-2016
To Monday 10-10-2016
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Saturday 08-10-2016
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 11-10-2016
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 30-10-2016
Vikram New Year 2073 Monday 31-10-2016
Buddha Purnima Saturday 21-05-2016
Guru Purnima Tuesday 19-07-2016

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

Top <;To top of this page
Index Alphabetical [Index to Pages]

(Vikram Year 2073)

Hindu Festivals
2017
Makar Sakranti Saturday 14-01-2017
Vasant Panchami Wednesday 01-02-2017
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 25-02-2017
Holi Monday 13-03-2017
Hindi New Year Tuesday 28-03-2017
Ramayana Week Tuesday 28-03-2017
To Wednesday 05-04-2017
Ramanavami Wednesday 05-04-2017
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 11-04-2017
Raksha Bandhan Monday 07-08-2017
Krishna Janmashthami Tuesday 15-08-2017
Ganesh Chaturthi Friday 25-08-2017
Pitr-paksha Thursday 07-09-2017
To Wednesday 20-09-2017
Navaratri Thursday 21-09-2017
To Friday 29-09-2017
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Wednesday 27-09-2017
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Saturday 30-09-2017
Deepavali (Diwali) Thursday 19-10-2017
Vikram New Year 2074 Friday 20-10-2017

Buddha Purnima Wednesday 10-05-2017
Guru Purnima Saturday 08-07-2017

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2074)

Hindu Festivals
2018
Makar Sakranti Sunday 14-01-2018
Vasant Panchami Monday 22-01-2018
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 14-02-2018
Holi Friday 02-03-2018
Hindi New Year Sunday 18-03-2018
Ramayana Week Sunday 18-03-2018
To Monday 26-03-2018
Ramanavami Monday 26-03-2018
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 31-03-2018
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Wednesday 16-05-2018
To Wednesday 13-06-2018
Raksha Bandhan Sunday 26-08-2018
Krishna Janmashthami Monday 03-09-2018
Ganesh Chaturthi Thursday 13-09-2018
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 25-09-2018
To Monday 08-10-2018
Navaratri Tuesday 09-10-2018
To Thursday 18-10-2018
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Tuesday 16-10-2018
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Friday 19-10-2018
Deepavali (Diwali) Wednesday 07-11-2018
Vikram New Year 2075 Thursday 08-11-2018
Buddha Purnima Sunday 29-04-2018
Guru Purnima Friday 27-07-2018

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
===================

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(Vikram Year 2075)

Hindu Festivals
2019
Makar Sakranti Monday 14-01-2019
Vasant Panchami Sunday 10-02-2019
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 05-03-2019
Holi Thursday 21-03-2019
Hindi New Year Saturday 06-04-2019
Ramayana Week Saturday 06-04-2019
To Sunday 14-04-2019
Ramanavami Sunday 14-04-2019
Hanuman Jayanti Friday 19-04-2019
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 15-08-2019
Krishna Janmashthami
Friday
Saturday 23-08-2019
24-08-2019
Ganesh Chaturthi Monday 02-09-2019
Pitr-paksha Saturday 14-09-2019
To Saturday 28-09-2019
Navaratri Sunday 29-09-2019
To Monday 07-10-2019
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Saturday 05-10-2019
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 08-10-2019
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 27-10-2019
Vikram New Year 2076 Monday 28-10-2019
Buddha Purnima Saturday 18-05-2019
Guru Purnima Tuesday 16-07-2019

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
===================

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(Vikram Year 2076)

Hindu Festivals
2020
Makar Sakranti Tuesday 14-01-2020
Vasant Panchami Thursday 30-01-2020
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 22-02-2020
Holi Tuesday 10-03-2020
Hindi New Year Wednesday 25-03-2020
Ramayana Week Wednesday 25-03-2020
To Thursday 02-04-2020
Ramanavami Thursday 02-04-2020
Hanuman Jayanti Wednesday 08-04-2020
Raksha Bandhan Monday 03-08-2020
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 12-08-2020
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 22-08-2020
Pitr-paksha Thursday 03-09-2020
To Thursday 17-09-2020
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Friday 18-09-2020
To Friday 16-10-2020
Navaratri Saturday 17-10-2020
To Saturday 24-10-2020
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 22-10-2020
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 25-10-2020
Deepavali (Diwali) Saturday 14-11-2020
Vikram New Year 2077 Sunday 15-11-2020
Buddha Purnima Thursday 07-05-2020
Guru Purnima Sunday 05-07-2020

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2077)

Hindu Festivals
2021
Makar Sakranti Thursday 14-01-2021
Vasant Panchami Tuesday 16-02-2021
Maha Shivaratri Friday 12-03-2021
Holi Monday 29-03-2021
Hindi New Year Tuesday 13-04-2021
Ramayana Week Tuesday 13-04-2021
To Wednesday 21-04-2021
Ramanavami Wednesday 21-04-2021
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 27-04-2021
Raksha Bandhan Sunday 22-08-2021
Krishna Janmashthami Monday 30-08-2021
Ganesh Chaturthi Friday 10-09-2021
Pitr-paksha Tuesday 21-09-2021
To Wednesday 06-10-2021
Navaratri Thursday 07-10-2021
To Thursday 14-10-2021
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Tuesday 12-10-2021
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Friday 15-10-2021
Deepavali (Diwali) Thursday 04-11-2021
Vikram New Year 2078 Friday 05-11-2021
Buddha Purnima Wednesday 26-05-2021
Guru Purnima Saturday 24-07-2021

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
===================

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(Vikram Year 2078)

Hindu Festivals
2022
Makar Sakranti Friday 14-01-2022
Vasant Panchami Saturday 05-02-2022
Maha Shivaratri Tuesday 01-03-2022
Holi Friday 18-03-2022
Hindi New Year Saturday 02-04-2022
Ramayana Week From Saturday 02-04-2022
To Sunday 10-04-2022
Ramanavami Sunday 10-04-2022
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 16-04-2022
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 11-08-2022
Krishna Janmashthami Friday 19-08-2022
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 31-08-2022
Pitr-paksha From Sunday 11-09-2022
To Sunday 25-09-2022
Navaratri From Monday 26-09-2022
To Tuesday 04-10-2022
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 02-10-2022
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 05-10-2022
Deepavali (Diwali) Monday 24-10-2022
Vikram New Year 2079 Tuesday 25-10-2022
Buddha Purnima Monday 16-05-2022
Guru Purnima Wednesday 13-07-2022

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
===================
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(Vikram Year 2079)

Hindu Festivals
2023
Makar Sakranti Saturday 14-01-2023
Vasant Panchami Thursday 26-01-2023
Maha Shivaratri Sunday 19-02-2023
Holi Wednesday 08-03-2023
Hindi New Year Wednesday 22-03-2023
Ramayana Week From Wednesday 22-03-2023
To Thursday 30-03-2023
Ramanavami Thursday 30-03-2023
Hanuman Jayanti Thursday 06-04-2023
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Tuesday 18-07-2023
To Wednesday 16-08-2023
Raksha Bandhan Wednesday 30-08-2023
Krishna Janmashthami Thursday 07-09-2023
Ganesh Chaturthi Tuesday 19-09-2023
Pitr-paksha From Saturday 30-09-2023
To Saturday 14-10-2023
Navaratri From Sunday 15-10-2023
To Monday 23-10-2023
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Saturday 21-10-2023
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 24-10-2023
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 12-11-2023
Vikram New Year 2080 Monday 13-11-2023
Buddha Purnima Friday 05-05-2023
Guru Purnima Monday 03-07-2023

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============
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(Vikram Year 2080)

Hindu Festivals
2024
Makar Sakranti Sunday 14-01-2024
Vasant Panchami Wednesday 14-02-2024
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 09-03-2024
Holi Monday 25-03-2024
Hindi New Year Tuesday 09-04-2024
Ramayana Week Tuesday 09-04-2024
To Wednesday 17-04-2024
Ramanavami Wednesday 17-04-2024
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 23-04-2024
Raksha Bandhan Monday 19-08-2024
Krishna Janmashthami Monday 26-08-2024
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 07-09-2024
Pitr-paksha Wednesday 18-09-2024
To Wednesday 02-10-2024
Navaratri Thursday 03-10-2024
To Saturday 12-10-2024
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 10-10-2024
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 13-10-2024
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 01-11-2024
Vikram New Year 2081 Saturday 02-11-2024
Buddha Purnima Thursday 23-05-2024
Guru Purnima Sunday 21-07-2024

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============
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(Vikram Year 2081)

Hindu Festivals
2025
Makar Sakranti Tuesday 14-01-2025
Vasant Panchami Sunday 02-02-2025
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 26-02-2025
Holi Friday 14-03-2025
Hindi New Year Sunday 30-03-2025
Ramayana Week From Sunday 30-03-2025
To Sunday 06-04-2025
Ramanavami Sunday 06-04-2025
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 12-04-2025
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 09-08-2025
Krishna Janmashthami Saturday 16-08-2025
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 27-08-2025
Pitr-paksha From Monday 08-09-2025
To Sunday 21-09-2025
Navaratri From Monday 22-09-2025
To Wednesday 01-10-2025
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Monday 29-09-2025
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Thursday 02-10-2025
Deepavali (Diwali) Tuesday 21-10-2025
Vikram New Year 2082 Wednesday 22-10-2025
Buddha Purnima Monday 12-05-2025
Guru Purnima Thursday 10-07-2025

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2082)

Hindu Festivals
2026
Makar Sakranti Wednesday 14-01-2026
Vasant Panchami Friday 23-01-2026
Maha Shivaratri Monday 16-02-2026
Holi Tuesday 03-03-2026
Hindi New Year Thursday 19-03-2026
Ramayana Week Thursday 19-03-2026
To Friday 27-03-2026
Ramanavami Friday 27-03-2026
Hanuman Jayanti Wednesday 01-04-2026
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Sunday 17-05-2026
To Monday 15-06-2026
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 27-08-2026
Krishna Janmashthami Friday 04-09-2026
Ganesh Chaturthi Monday 14-09-2026
Pitr-paksha Sunday 27-09-2026
To Saturday 10-10-2026
Navaratri Sunday 11-10-2026
To Tuesday 20-10-2026
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 18-10-2026
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 21-10-2026
Deepavali (Diwali) Sunday 08-11-2026
Vikram New Year 2083 Monday 09-11-2026
Buddha Purnima Friday 01-05-2026
Guru Purnima Wednesday 29-07-2026

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2083)

Hindu Festivals
2027
Makar Sakranti Thursday 14-01-2027
Vasant Panchami Thursday 11-02-2027
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 06-03-2027
Holi Monday 22-03-2027
Hindi New Year Wednesday 07-04-2027
Ramayana Week Wednesday 07-04-2027
To Thursday 15-04-2027
Ramanavami Thursday 15-04-2027
Hanuman Jayanti Tuesday 20-04-2027
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday 17-08-2027
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 25-08-2027
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 04-09-2027
Pitr-paksha Thursday 16-09-2027
To Wednesday 29-09-2027
Navaratri Thursday 30-09-2027
To Friday 08-10-2027
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Wednesday 06-10-2027
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Saturday 09-10-2027
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 29-10-2027
Vikram New Year 2084 Saturday 30-10-2027
Buddha Purnima Thursday 20-05-2027
Guru Purnima Sunday 18-07-2027

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2084)

Hindu Festivals
2028
Makar Sakranti Friday 14-01-2028
Vasant Panchami Monday 31-01-2028
Maha Shivaratri Wednesday 23-02-2028
Holi Saturday 11-03-2028
Hindi New Year Monday 27-03-2028
Ramayana Week Monday 27-03-2028
To Monday 03-04-2028
Ramanavami Monday 03-04-2028
Hanuman Jayanti Sunday 09-04-2028
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 05-08-2028
Krishna Janmashthami Sunday 13-08-2028
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 23-08-2028
Pitr-paksha Monday 04-09-2028
To Monday 18-09-2028
Navaratri Tuesday 19-09-2028
To Tuesday 26-09-2028
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Sunday 24-09-2028
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Wednesday 27-09-2028
Deepavali (Diwali) Tuesday 17-10-2028
Vikram New Year 2085 Wednesday 18-10-2028
Buddha Purnima Monday 08-05-2028
Guru Purnima Friday 06-07-2028

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2085)

Hindu Festivals
2029
Makar Sakranti Sunday 14-01-2029
Vasant Panchami Friday 19-01-2029
Maha Shivaratri Sunday 11-02-2029
Holi Thursday 01-03-2029
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Friday 16-03-2029
To Friday 13-04-2029
Hindi New Year Saturday 14-04-2029
Ramayana Week From Saturday 14-04-2029
To Monday 23-04-2029
Ramanavami Monday 23-04-2029
Hanuman Jayanti Saturday 28-04-2029
Raksha Bandhan Thursday 23-08-2029
Krishna Janmashthami Saturday 01-09-2029
Ganesh Chaturthi Tuesday 11-09-2029
Pitr-paksha From Sunday 23-09-2029
To Sunday 07-10-2029
Navaratri From Monday 08-10-2029
To Monday 15-10-2029
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Saturday 13-10-2029
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Tuesday 16-10-2029
Deepavali (Diwali) Monday 05-11-2029
Vikram New Year 2086 Tuesday 06-11-2029
Buddha Purnima Sunday 27-05-2029
Guru Purnima Wednesday 25-07-2029

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2086)

Hindu Festivals
2030
Makar Sakranti Monday 14-01-2030
Vasant Panchami Thursday 07-02-2030
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 02-03-2030
Holi Wednesday 20-03-2030
Hindi New Year Wednesday 03-04-2030
Ramayana Week From Wednesday 03-04-2030
To Friday 12-04-2030
Ramanavami Friday 12-04-2030
Hanuman Jayanti Wednesday 17-04-2030
Raksha Bandhan Tuesday 13-08-2030
Krishna Janmashthami Wednesday 21-08-2030
Ganesh Chaturthi Sunday 01-09-2030
Pitr-paksha From Thursday 12-09-2030
To Friday 27-09-2030
Navaratri From Saturday 28-09-2030
To Saturday 05-10-2030
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Thursday 03-10-2030
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Sunday 06-10-2030
Deepavali (Diwali) Saturday 26-10-2030
Vikram New Year 2087 Sunday 27-10-2030
Buddha Purnima Friday 17-05-2030
Guru Purnima Sunday 14-07-2030

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
==============

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(Vikram Year 2087)

Hindu Festivals
2031
Makar Sakranti Tuesday 14-01-2031
Vasant Panchami Monday 27-01-2031
Maha Shivaratri Thursday 20-02-2031
Holi Sunday 09-03-2031
Hindi New Year Sunday 23-03-2031
Ramayana Week From Sunday 23-03-2031
To Monday 01-04-2031
Ramanavami Monday 01-04-2031
Hanuman Jayanti Monday 07-04-2031
Raksha Bandhan Saturday 02-08-2031
Krishna Janmashthami Sunday 10-08-2031
Adhik Maas Extra Month Lunar Calendar
Adhik Maas From Tuesday 19-08-2031
To Tuesday 16-09-2031
Ganesh Chaturthi Saturday 20-09-2031
Pitr-paksha From Wednesday 01-10-2031
To Thursday 16-10-2031
Navaratri From Friday 17-10-2031
To Friday 24-10-2031
Saraswati Puja
(Forms part of Navaratri) Wednesday 22-10-2031
Vijay Dashami (Dasera) Saturday 25-10-2031
Deepavali (Diwali) Friday 14-11-2031
Vikram New Year 2088 Saturday 15-11-2031
Buddha Purnima Tuesday 06-05-2031
Guru Purnima Friday 04-07-2031

The above lists refer to Hindu festivals as celebrated in North India.
Hindu Festivals in South India can add additional days to the lists above.
============

Interpretations on Gita: A scholarly study


Aum calligraphy. Aum (Om) Hindu Symbol

Image via Wikipedia

Interpretations on Gita: A scholarly study
By Dr Vaidehi Nathan
The Bhagavadgita in the Nationalist Discourse, Nagappa Gowda K, Oxford University Press, Pp 286(HB), Rs 695.00

BHAGAVAD Gita the eternal text has been explored and re-interpreted by men since it was originally penned by the great sage Vyasa. Each one has found his/her own meanings and answers from the Gita to quests and queries on life and beyond.

The Bhagavadgita in the Nationalist Discourse by Nagappa Gowda K. has analysed the contemporary understanding of Gita by leaders in 19th- 20th century. Six men have been selected who wrote dissertations on or referred extensively to Gita. They are Bankimchandra Chatterjee, Balgangadhar Tilak, Swami Vivekananda, Aurobindo Ghose, Mahatma Gandhi, Vinoba Bhave and BR Ambedkar. These are all men who influenced the course of the nation — some politically, some spiritually. “The nationalist engagement with the Gita was both emotional and intellectual, since nationalism expressed itself, whether sui generis or as a response-product of engagement with colonialism, at those levels. Locating the source of nationalism in the Gita was a way of rejecting the Western claim that nationalist impulse and ideology were its exclusive gift” says Gowda.

While Bankimchandra saw the Gita as a call for action, for Tilak, as revealed in Gita Rahasya, the appeal was the notion of sthitaprajna, the rejection of sanyasa and a direction for active engagement with life. For Aurobindo, who turned into sage after rejecting active political life, Gita was a text of supreme spirituality, demanding nothing less than total surrender. Gandhi on other hand found in Gita “supreme endorsement of the notions such as non-violence, Swadeshi, Svadharma and Satyagraha.”

interpreted Gita as an embodiment of national culture in true sense. Vinoba Bhave found svadharma as the central theme of Gita. Ambedkar saw Gita in a very different light. He thought it was a text that was trying to revive and justify “the Old Order with a new set of arguments as emanating from the mouth of God.”

Nagappa Gowda says that the Gita came back as a much discussed text of Hinduism because of the interest shown by the westerners in it. According to him, the Europeans, triggered by their eagerness to explore the Indian culture and religion sought out the “native informants.” “The native informants were the Brahmins – a small, literate monopoly class in the country, who thus became the sole spokespersons of religion. Brahmanical religion became the Hindu religion, and Brahmanical texts became the official Hindu texts.

Of them Shree Krishna and his Song Celestial seemed to merit the Semitic notion of a revealed religion… Thus, in the eighteenth century, we see both the orientalist and missionary discourses nudging the Bhagavadgita and its author to the centrestage of attention and engagement.”

Tilak used Gita in the political context. He exalts an all-India-Hinduism, playing down the differences of sect and caste. For Vivekananda the message is beyond India, in a world canvas and it is apolitical. He regards the truth in Gita as universal and not historical, says Gowda adding nishkam karma was the essence of the monk’s message from Gita.

Sri Aurobindo has written extensively on Gita. He wrote 24 essays on the first six chapters, twelve essays on the next six chapters and twelve on the remaining six. The first six chapters, he felt dealt with the notion of karma and its relation with jnana.

Gandhi delivered 218 lectures on the Gita at the Satyagraha Ashram, Ahmedabad over a period of nine months in 1926. He was introduced to the Gita by Edwin Arnold, to an English translation called Song Celestial, when he was twenty years old.

He said, “Only he can interpret the Gita correctly who tries to follow its teaching in practice…it may be a profound one, but in my view the realisation of its profound quality depends on the depth of one’s sincerity in putting its teaching into practice.”

Ambedkar on the other hand saw it as a reiteration of the caste system. The reviving debate on it he said was an attempt at ‘replying’ to the Buddhist preaching, by re-establishing the ‘relevance’ of the caste categorisation. After reading the views on others on the Gita, reading Ambedkar’s gives a feeling of ‘let down.’

One wonders if there was any relevance for his inclusion into this book. For, Ambedkar takes a limited, narrow and constrained attitude towards the text that is widely seen as enlightening, egalitarian and ennobling.

Nagappa Gowda says that the reason why Gita gelled well in the nationalist discourse is that it laid great stress on karma yoga and “undermined the asceticism of the Upanisadic persuasion and emotionalism and devotionalism of the bhakti persuasion.” And also it was seen as upholding a deep commitment to equality.

Gita has been a text of all times. From Adi Shankara, even before him and down the generations men have delved into this changeless doctrine and applied it and explained it as it revealed itself to them.

It has an appeal that has transcended time and space. Nagappa Gowda by contextualising the Gita on the matrix of national movement has given a new perspective worth pursuing. Gowda is Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Government Women’s First Grade College and Post Graduate Centre, Ajjarakadu, Udupi.

20110823-064057.jpg

SURPRISINGLY, A FOREIGNER OPENS OUR EYES!!!


Very interesting!!

IF THIS IS TRUE, NOW YOU KNOW WHAT HAPPENS TO ALL THE MONEY COLLECTED BY TEMPLES IN INDIA.
SURPRISINGLY, A FOREIGNER OPENS OUR EYES!!!
Believe or not, a Foreign writer opens our eyes… The Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowment Act of 1951 allows State Governments and politicians to take over thousands of Hindu Temples and maintain complete control of the money in any way they choose.

A charge has been made not by any Temple authority, but by a foreign writer, Stephen Knapp, in a book Crimes Against India and the Need to Protect Ancient Vedic Tradition, published in the United States that makes shocking reading.
 Hundreds of temples in centuries past have been built in India by devout rulers and the donations given to them by devotees have been used for the benefit of the (other) people. If, presently, money collected has ever been misused (and that word needs to be defined), it is for the devotees to protest and not for any government to interfere.

This letter is what has been happening currently under an intrusive law. It would seem, for instance, that under a Temple Empowerment Act, about 43,000 temples in Andhra Pradesh have come under government control and only 18 per cent of the revenues of these temples have been returned for temple purposes, the remaining 82 per cent being used for purposes unstated. Apparently even the world famous Tirumala Tirupati Temple has not been spared.

According to Knapp, the temple collects over Rs 3,100 crores every year and the State Government has not denied the charge that as much as 85 per cent of this is transferred to the State Exchequer, much of which goes to causes that are not connected with the Hindu community. Was it for that reason that devotees make their offering to the temples?

Another charge that has been made is that the Andhra Government has also allowed the demolition of at least ten temples for the construction of golf courses. Imagine the outcry, writes Knapp, if ten mosques had been demolished. It would seem that in Karanataka, Rs. 79 crores were collected from about two lakh temples and from that, temples received Rs seven crores for their maintenance, Muslim madrassahs and Haj subsidy were given Rs 59 crore and churches about Rs 13 crore.

Very generous of the government! Because of this, Knapp writes, 25 per cent of the two lakh temples or about 50,000 temples in Karnataka will be closed down for lack of resources, and he adds: The only way the government can continue to do this is because people have not stood up enough to stop it. Knapp then refers to Kerala where, he says, funds from the Guruvayur Temple are diverted to other government projects denying improvement to 45 Hindu temples. Land belonging to the Ayyappa Temple, apparently has been grabbed and Church encroaches are occupying huge areas of forest land, running into thousands of acres, near Sabarimala.

 A charge is made that the Communist state government of Kerala wants to pass an Ordinance to disband the Travancore & Cochin Autonomous Devaswom Boards (TCDBs) and take over their limited independent authority of 1,800 Hindu temples. If what the author says is true, even the Maharashtra Government wants to take over some 450,000 temples in the state which would supply a huge amount of revenue to correct the states bankrupt conditions.

And, to top it all, Knapp says that in Orissa, the state government intends to sell over 70,000 acres of endowment lands from the Jagannath Temple, the proceeds of which would solve a huge financial crunch brought about by its own mismanagement of temple assets. Says Knapp:
Why such occurrences are so often not known is that the Indian media, especially the English television and press, are often anti-Hindu in their approach, and, thus, not inclined to give much coverage, and certainly no sympathy, for anything that may affect the Hindu community. Therefore, such government actions that play against the Hindu community go on without much or any attention attracted to them. Knapp obviously is on record.

If the facts produced by him are incorrect, it is up to the government to say so. It is quite possible that some individuals might have set up temples to deal with lucrative earnings. But, that, surely, is none of the governments’ business? Instead of taking over all earnings, the government surely can appoint local committees to look into temple affairs so that the amount discovered is fairly used for the public good? Says Knapp: Nowhere in the free, democratic world are the religious institutions managed, maligned and controlled by the government, thus denying the religious freedom of the people of the country. But it is happening in India.

Government officials have taken control of Hindu temples because they smell money in them, they recognise the indifference of Hindus, they are aware of the unlimited patience and tolerance of Hindus, they also know that it is not in the blood of Hindus to go to the streets to demonstrate, destroy property, threaten, loot, harm and/or kill. Many Hindus are sitting and watching the demise of their culture.

They need to express their views loud and clear. Knapp obviously does not know that should they do so, they would be damned as communalists. But, it is time someone asked the Government to lay down all the facts on the table so that the public would know what is happening behind its back.
 Robbing Peter to pay Paul is not secularism. And temples are not for looting, under any name. One thought ….. that Mohammad of Ghazni has long been dead?????

Importance of drinking enough water constantly.


http://www.care2.com/greenliving/10-reasons-to-drink-more-water-that-you-may-not-know.html

We hear about importance of drinking enough water constantly. On the flip side, there has been a growing trend in the media lately that the commonly recommended eight cups of water daily is a myth, which is technically accurate, but not the whole story. Whether you need eight cups of water daily, or four or ten, most people are not getting the message that whatever their particular water needs are, they aren’t meeting them.

And even dietitians, nutritionists, and medical professionals are contributing to the problem by informing people that they get enough water in their diet in the form of fruits and vegetables. That might be true for some people, but after assessing the diets of countless people, I assure you that isn’t the case for most people.

Plus, have you ever noticed that when you throw vegetables in a pan and turn on the heat you’ll see liquid in the pan soon afterward, and then shortly after that you’ll see steam rising from them? That’s because you’re literally cooking the water out of the vegetables.

Researchers estimate that half of the world’s population is chronically dehydrated. And in America, that level is even higher at 75 percent of the population.

More than two-thirds of your body weight is water. Without adequate water your body’s biochemical and electrical (yes electrical, read on!) processes begin to break down. The list of reasons your body needs water is as plentiful as the functions in your body, so due to space limitations, here are 10 good reasons to drink more water:

1. Your blood is over 80 percent water and needs water to make healthy new blood cells.

2. Your bones are over 50 percent water and, you guessed it, need water to make healthy new bone cells.

3. Drinking more water actually helps lessen pain in your body by getting your lymphatic system moving. The lymphatic system is a network of nodes, tubes, vessels, and fluid that move waste out of your tissues. It requires water to function properly.

4. Water helps to eliminate wastes and toxins from your body through thelymphatic system, kidneys, and intestines.

5. Water lubricates your joints and helps reduce joint pain and protect against wear and tear.

6. Water regulates your metabolism so if you’re overweight chances are you may need more water.

7. Water balances body temperature.

8. Water helps to ensure adequate electrical functioning so your brain and nervous system function properly. Your brain and nervous system send out electrical signals to function properly. Researchers estimate that your brain gives off about the same amount of electricity as a 60 watt light bulb. So, there’s some truth to the image of a light bulb going on when someone has a good idea.

9. Water alleviates dehydration (and I’ve already mentioned that most people are chronically dehydrated).

10. Every cell and organ in your body requires adequate water to function properly.

So, one of the quickest and easiest ways to improve your health is to start drinking more pure water every day. Be sure to drink water an empty stomach or you’ll simply be diluting your digestive enzymes and making your digestion less effective.

And, choose purified water as much as possible (but get yourself a BPA-free water bottle so you won’t pollute the planet with all those plastic water bottles. In wealthy, developed nations with plentiful access to water, we really have no excuses for not drinking enough water.

Adapted with permission of the author from the upcoming book, The Phytozyme Cure.

Textual Corruption in Vedas


The Rig Veda is one of the oldest religious te...

Image via Wikipedia

Textual Corruption in Vedas

By : Agniveer                  

 

Once upon a time, cyberspace used to be dominated by fanatics. They included not only hackers and terrorists associations but also witchdoctors and scientists specializing in superstitions. They all had only one mission – to subdue all voices that don’t sing chorus with their own call of divine. Mortal remains of their deeds can still be witnessed in internet archives. In those times, they would proudly assert that only they has passport of heaven, and whosoever agrees even slightly shall not be forgiven – here and hereafter.

Their impact was spread across the world. But Indians – being the potentially most attractive population segment for their mission – were a special focus for them. Their witchdoctors thus created a lot of ready-made material which would be copy-pasted by the junior level missionaries across various discussion boards, social networking sites, blog sites, comments section of blog sites to dissuade Indians from their culture and its foundation towards the only way to achieve a virgins-ful heaven. The proof of their claim was visible to entire humanity through the marks on the moon that proved its splitting 14 centuries ago!

They were being very successful in their mission and this success made them proclaim that their dominance would increase with increasing penetration of internet among masses. By 2013, India was estimated to be fully dominated as per claims of their TV Channels. But then Agniveer came. And scenario changed. Now suddenly their copy-paste would get countered by similar copy-pastes from Agniveer site. Google would show up Agniveer site in Top 10 searches on most of the controversial topics that they would like Indians to be confused about.

Agniveer was a very humble small scale attempt without recourse to petro-dollars or millions of bucks. But it struck where it hurt the most. Agniveer did nothing great – it simply showed them the mirror. It proved to them that they have no logical basis to claim that only their belief system is perfect and everything else is a passport for hell. It showed them there is no evidence to prove that the holy scripture of theirs is indeed the same as provided by whom they claim to be their founder. And that blind belief devoid of reason is only a recipe to nurture terrorists. Agniveer also countered silly allegations on Indian culture through authoritative analysis and evidences.

Now suddenly their plans went awry. One witchdoctor in their team announced recently that he would not argue or debate with certain ‘sects’. Many others attempted to redefine their interpretations of their scriptures. But there are many who followed the deeds of the monkey of Panchatantra. In Pachatantra, there is a story of a monkey who was shivering in rain because he had no home. A sell-intentioned pigeon advised him to build a home so that he does not have to face such troubles again. The monkey got angry on this and destroyed the nest of the pigeon to ensure that even she does not have a home. This is what terrorist mind is all about – foolishness, anger, vindictiveness.

Similar minds have started countering Agniveer by denigrating the Vedas on most frivolous pretexts because they could not explain how they could demand the entire world to follow ONLY their book which was compiled only after 20 years of the murder of the founder by a gang which was itself murdered by yet another group. Even that book is not available fully today. But ‘Buffalo belongs only to one who has the stick’ seems to be their mantra.

A recent attempt has been by writing articles based on extremely outdated claims to prove that Vedas are also textually corrupted. We initially chose to ignore this long-rejected stupid research. We thought that someone else would counter it along with flat-earth theory while we focus on other prominent tasks. But considering the widespread promotion that is being provided to this viewpoint by petro-dollar power holders, we thought to have at least a short analysis debunking the myth. Because in an era of misinformation, truth is often nothing but a lie shouted thousand times!

We shall only provide brief concepts here that can be used by anyone to deduce the truth. We simply want to ensure that we do not act like pigeons to counter the terrorist monkey. Lets be gorillas instead!

To read the original allegation, you can simply type ‘Textual Corruption in Vedas’ in google and check the variants. We don’t want to provide a link and help popularize new names to replace old fanatics whose demise the world is celebrating today!

We shall provide brief summary of allegation and our analysis.

Here we start:

Prologue

1.

Even if someone conclusively proves that Vedas available today are textually corrupted/ incomplete or that an alien came in space-ship to replace original Vedas with a duplicate inferior variety it does not matter much. This is because:

– Vedas are not supposed to be merely mugged up and followed blindly or narrated like a parrot to invoke its divine powers or split the moon. The very word ‘Veda’ means knowledge. And hence Vedas have to be followed or adopted only to the extent that it is intuitive or reasonable to your own mind. So if you bring even the greatest scholar in the world to prove to me that Rigveda 1.1.5 means that “The one who claim to be a doctor, possesses a goat-beard but wear a suit-tie and tie, and asserts that all non-believers would go to Hell and apostates deserve being killed – should be greeted with footwear”, then I am not going to believe it. Because my own intellect and whatever I understood from Vedas so far tell me that fake should be countered with arguments and intellect, and not with symbolic gestures of frustrations that are insulting.

And by following my conscience in this manner to best of my abilities without bringing ego in picture, I would be following the Vedas.

– Vedas are supposed to be already encoded within our minds. What we read in books is merely a way to decode this knowledge. This is like the Laws of Motion. You don’t have to mug up what Newton wrote in Latin in Principia to understand the laws of motion. You approach the knowledge intuitively. And then to fulfill needs of further understanding, you may also learn Latin or whatever as situation demands. But you do so driven by logic and not guided by blind belief that mugging up will give to Heaven. We still refer to the texts because though technically it is possible for all of us to deduce the Laws of Motion and Theory of Relativity all by ourselves but it would become a very time-consuming process. We don’t take works of Newton or Einstein for mugging up blindly, we use them as check-posts to help us guide to right path in a manner that is intuitive/ logical to us.

So even if few pages of Principia are torn, or there are some misprints, or a few pages mixed up, it does not matter much because all that means is that for some parts, we will have to put a bit more extra effort to understand what exactly they meant. And especially if you are only a Class 1 student, these apparent mistakes would actually mean nothing at all for you.

In same vein, if an advanced scholar of Vedas complains of being stalled due to inaccessibility to certain portions of Vedas, it could still be understood. We are still puzzled on how Fermat’s Theorem could be elegantly solved because some pages of his diary are found missing! But if you asked after reading the last sentence – Who is Fermat? – then you don’t even need to bother about the missing pages!

2.

Those attempting to belittle the Vedas come with malevolent intent and not genuine intention to seek truth. While a Vedic follower would very clearly proclaim that we would reject any translation of Vedas that do not appeal to our conscience or is logically unsound, these fanatics would never ever say that they would follow the same standard for their text. They would never assert that there remains a scope that their text has been tampered with because it was written only 20 years after suspicious death of original founder by a murdering group of fighters.

They cannot do so because their cult has a rule – if someone turns apostate – kill him. So its a one way traffic – they shall never accept the truth and would continue to ridicule and decimate the non-believers. But the rest of us are supposed to accept their way merely because we are not taught to be fanatic!

3.

Proving textual corruption in Vedas will not result in the conclusion that any other text is divine. And even if corruption is proved in Vedas, that does not have much significance for reasons discussed above. So such attempts only showcase that the monkey of Panchatantra lives even today. I say this because the same sites and people that attempt to prove corruption in the Vedas are also the ones who openly promise permanent Hell for non-believers and defend those who justify death for apostates.

The goal of this article is merely to reassure that while we should keep caution of these dangerous monkeys, we should not take their monkey arguments seriously.

There is another story in Panchatantra about monkeys where a king and the minister went for a trip. They saw a lot of monkeys in a place. Every monkey was doing some monkey act – throwing stones, jumping, fighting each other, making noises etc. But there sat a monkey in one remote corner who was sitting in lotus position with eyes closed. The king said to the minister, “Look! This monkey looks like a saint. How peacefully is he sitting in meditation. Let us go and seek his blessings.” The minister replied, “O King! Don’t be duped by these acts of monkeys. Even this pretense of meditation by a monkey is a monkey-act. Lets move ahead.” The king refused, went to the monkey and bowed in front of him. Suddenly the monkey jumped, snatched the crown of the king, and ran away!

We hope the kings of this world would pay heed to this humble minister and protect their crowns.

Let me assure you that all these allegations on Vedas are baseless. There is always a remote possibility that Vedas are corrupted, or that there are 7 skies, or that moon was split into two when someone pointed finger, or that the hobbits of Lord of the Rings actually live in our cities, or that sun is smaller to earth and sets in a mud-pond, or that certain stones can snatch your clothes and run away, or that certain donkeys have face of a woman and can fly you to moon and 7 skies. And when we find reasonable evidences for these, we would be glad to not only accept these but promote them as well.

But for that to happen, more rational and plausible evidences have to be brought in light than these outdated frivolous ones.

Allegation 1: Different texts talk of different number of Vedas. No one is sure whether there is 1 Veda, or 3 or 4 or 5.

Agniveer:

1. Those who allege this should first read our article – http://agniveer.com/5090/fountainhead-philosophies-vedas/ that explains that its all about definitions. Just as I can define you as 1 person, or a group of 1 brain, 2 eyes, 2 nosetrils, 2 ears etc or as 2 different persons due to split personality causing confusion or whatever. But they all point to same thing.

Similarly, scholars have defined Vedas variously. If you consider only knowledge, Vedas is only 1. If you consider Para and Apara knowledge (liberating and mundane knowledge), then Vedas are 2. If you focus on Knowledge, Action and Contemplation, Vedas are 3. If you consider Rik, Yajuh, Sama, Atharva, Vedas are 4. If you consider each mandala of Rigveda as separate, then there are 10 Rigvedas. Similarly we have 40 Yajurvedas. If you take each mantra as a different Veda, you have more than 20,000 Vedas.

So number does not matter. They all point to same set of mantras.

2. Many Upanishads and Manu Smriti talk of Vedas coming from Agni, Vayu, Aditya, Angira. Some view these as Rishis in inception of human civilization. Others term them as innate sources of nature that inspired the Rishis. Whatever be the case, there is no denial that a select few Rishis got the knowledge of Vedas first and then they propagated in a manner that there remains perfect standardization since then.

Now these names Agni, Vayu, Aditya, Angira are nothing more than Unique IDs. These names depict their areas of specialization in same manner as Subhash Chandra Bose is called Netaji and Krishna is called Madhusudan. It is not that they were born with birth-certificates of these names on basis of which they were admitted in some schools or their Voter Cards were made. So just because Aditya is called Surya somewhere does not affect the Vedas in any manner. Atharvaveda is also called Angirasa because they depict characteristics of a particular Veda. Vedas are themselves called by different names depending upon what aspect of their property we want to focus upon.

The beauty of Vedic literature lies in the fact that words are not used with pre-decided arbitrary meanings to force the mind to think in specific directions. Instead words are derived from roots (which again are based on how each pronunciation impacts our minds) and hence verses allow the mind to think originally and discover new essence in a state of deep contemplation. So focus is on liberation and not imprisonment of intellect. And since it is already within you, you don’t simply mug up the meaning or even translate a meaning, you FEEL the meaning within. The very test of whether you understand a mantra or not is that whether you could intuitively FEEL the meaning from within. If not, don’t worry! Keep practicing, keep using your faculty of thinking and keep following your inner voice!

3. Vedas are very commonly classified into 3 because they represent 3 kinds of knowledge – Theory, Actions, Contemplation. Rigveda focuses more on theory, Yajurveda on actions and Samaveda on Contemplation. Note that they are not independent silos. They are merely overall themes. You cannot be expert in one unless you are also master of the other two. And that is why you would find a lot of repetition of verses in the different Vedas. It is just that the FEELING changes with change in context.

Now Atharvaveda is all about Practical Applications – integration of the wisdom of rest of the 3 Vedas. So often it is not referred separately. It is automatically included in the themes of rest of the 3 Vedas in same manner as Practical classes are assumed to be part of the subject of Physics along with Theory. So primarily Rik, Yajuh and Sama are mentioned in literature. Atharvaveda is also called Chhanda and mentioned wherever necessary.

4.

Q: Why Manu Smriti and Swami Dayanand talk of completing study of Vedas in 36 years by devoting 12 years on each Vedas? This means Vedas are only 3.

A: As explained earlier, Atharveveda is already included in the course curriculum. It is impossible to understand any Veda without referring to Atharvaveda for all of us except those who might have mastered all this in their previous birth and are born as Rishis since birth. For lesser mortals, when Rigveda or Yajurveda or Samaveda is to be mastered, the relevant portions of Atharvaveda have to be practiced to understand the applications. After all theory is incomplete without practicals.

This confusion comes in minds of those for whom study of a scripture only means becoming a Haafiz who could mug up and narrate the verses like a parrot. While mugging up is often useful and at times very necessary to preserve the Vedas, it is a very special course for very specific minds. For most of us, spending 12 years reading Physics will not mean spending time mugging the books. Further you don’t need to spend 12 years to mug up each Veda! Something like Yajurveda has less than 2000 mantras that can be completed in less than a year if mugging is all that has to be done.

In reality, even when you are mastering one particular Veda, you must study other Vedas as well and gain a reasonable proficiency in them. This is like Engineering Colleges having courses on Physics, Maths, English, Psychology, Economics etc as well.

So if you put 36 years on Vedas, don’t worry. Atharvaveda would automatically be taken care of.

5.

Q: What about 1131 branches/ shakhas of Vedas? Everyone knows that only a few of them remain today. All the other branches are lost.

A: Oh No. Not again. Branch refers to a particular recension style of Vedas to emphasize certain aspects and making it relevant to existing time and society. Branches or Shakhas are not eternal. But original Vedas have been preserved as they were even till today. Most Shakhas went extinct during a long period of misrule. But nonetheless our forefathers ensured that they did not allow the tradition of memorizing and preserving the original Vedas from generation to generation.

Now some fools argue that why are original Vedas are also called by name of Shakhas. The answer is that the name of Shakha is derived from the Rishi who ensured its preservation from generation to generation. Some Rishis chose to promote the variations so as to propagate their meaning among masses and specialized students. Some volunteered to continue preserving the original Vedas so that more Shakhas could be created in future. Why should we not acknowledge these Rishis? Hence Shaakal chose to preserve the Rigveda, Madhyandin chose to preserve Yajurveda, Shaunak chose to preserve Atharveveda and Kauthum chose to protect Samaveda. These refer not only to individuals but entire traditions.

None apart from misled fanatics ever had any disputes over these Shakhas and the originals. Even western indologists and detractors who were otherwise skeptic of Vedas and their meanings had to admit that original Vedas are available to us in same form as the oldest evidence available without any doubt.

Maxmuller announces in Origin of Religion (p 131): The texts of the Veda have been handed down to us with such accuracy that there is hardly a various reading in the proper sense of the word or even an uncertain accent in the whole of the Rig-Veda.

Maxmuller in Rigveda Vol 1, p XXX: As far we are able to judge at present, we can hardly speak of various readings in the Vedic hymns in the usual sense of that word. Various readings to be gathered from a collection of different manuscripts now accessible to us there are NONE.

Macdonell in A History of Sanskrit Literature (p 50): Extraordinary precautions soon began to be taken to guard the canonical text. Thus fixed against the possibility of any change or loss the result has been its preservation with a faithfulness unique in literary history.

Keigi in Rigveda (p 22): Since that time, nearly 3000 years ago, it (the text of the Vedas) has suffered no changes whatsoever, with a care such that the history of other literatures has nothing similar to compare with it.

Abinash Chandra Dass in Rigvedic India (p 5): These hymns, however, were not committed to writing on payrus, palm-leaves or baked clay-bricks, but to human memory carefully cultivated for the purpose and were handed down from generation to generation without the loss of even a single word or syllable.

Should we say more? Except that we don’t know the cure for paranoia.

Allegation 2: Some verses of Rigveda are missing. Nirukta 7.8 talks of a verse offering oblation to Vishnu and Agni in Rigveda but there is no such verse in current Rigveda. So the verse was lost.

Agniveer:

1. Nirukta wasn’t preserved in the way Rigveda was. So Rigveda is much more authoritative, especially after scrutiny by even the skeptics as mentioned above.

2. The Vishnu of Vedas is same as the Agni. Both refer to same Singular Supreme Entity. Only the misled see polytheism in Vedas. So joint oblation to Vishnu and Agni is applicable to any mantra that can be interpreted to imply those characteristics of Supreme that are common in meaning of Agni and Vishnu. This is a research subject for those who have skills to contemplate deeply on mantras. There is nothing conflicting in it. At best one can say that – Since I don’t know anything about Vedas because knowing that would put me in Hell, hence I cannot understand it.

3. Interestingly the very people who are currently raising this childish allegation are the ones who also attempt to prove that Vedas talk of only one Single God. But they use this argument when they want to prove that Vedas and their modern scripture both talk of the same Singular God, but because their scripture is latest, hence that latest version should be followed. Hence everyone should start believing in their religion to escape Hell.

But here, since the purpose is to create doubt, the exactly opposite argument is being propagated. Remember we talked about the monkeys? Now recall the advise of the minister.

Allegation 3: There is corruption in recitation of certain mantras. For example Rigveda 10.29.1 has a word that is pronounced as ‘Va +Yah’ in one Pada Patha and ‘Vayo’ somewhere. Scholars interpret the words differently and come with conflicting meanings. Another example is word ‘Mehanaasti’ which is interpreted as “Ma + Iha + Naasti’ in some Pada Patha.

Agniveer:

Whether we take the word as ‘Va + Yah’ or Vayo, they both are pronounced in exactly the same manner. Same is true for ‘Ma + Iha + Naasti’. However in Vedic mantras, these words come us Vayo and Mehanaasti. Scholars can have disputes over how the word should be interpreted. This is a research topic. Depending on their views, they can have different Pada Paatha or break-up of the words. Perhaps during Yaska’s time, someone broke the word in wrong manner and hence he had to counter it. Similar to the way even we have to counter the most outdated concepts even today despite the availability of thoroughly verified and edited Vedas!

Pada Paatha is NOT original Vedas. It is one way of preserving Vedas. There are 9 more. Refer http://agniveer.com/2697/no-textual-corruption-in-vedas/. If an error comes in Pada Patha, it is corrected by comparing with other methods. And hence today, there is no doubt over what the original Vedic mantras are. (Thanks to efforts of sages like Yaska from time to time.) I recommend looking at editions of Pt Damodar Satvalekar which is accepted widely as the most corrected published version.

Allegation 4: There are different versions of Rigveda available today each having a different number of mantras. Hence Rigveda is corrupted.

Agniveer:

So finally they discovered what even Max Muller and Macdonell could not discover. Like the splitting of moon in NASA images and blackholes in universe because their text says that certain starts disappear in daytime! But unfortunately, this one is also a very dated allegation that did not even stand for a few days when it first emerged. The difference in number comes only due to different methods of calculation. If I ask anyone to list those verses of Rigveda which are present in one version but not in another, no one can produce it. At least in last thousands of years of documented history no one could produce it.

This matter has been dealt in great detail in http://agniveer.com/3953/mantras-rigveda/ and final calculations have been provided.

Allegation 5: There are different versions of Yajurveda as well. There is Black and White Yajurveda which have significant differences. Ishopanishad was an Upanishad later inserted in Yajurveda as 40th Chapter.

Agniveer:

1. Black or Krishna Yajurveda is a branch (Shakha) and not original Yajurveda. It contains original mantras modified along with historical and explanatory descriptions to suit research interests of specific kind. Shukla or White Yajurveda refers to those branches of Yajurveda that modify the original mantras if required but do not add additional texts. The Madhyandini Yajurveda of Shukla Branch is the original Yajurveda and rest are its variations.

So in case you do not have access to original Yajurveda, start with a branch. That would be much more easy to approach due to explanations and simplifications. And when you have mastered them, you can have the taste of the original. The keen minds who are less paranoid and more zealous can approach the original directly as well!

2. Ishopanishad is nothing but the 40th Chapter of Yajurveda as it appears in a particular branch of Black Yajurveda with some modifications. Because this is the greatest text on spiritualism and philosophy and mother of all other texts like Geeta, other Upanishads and even Darshans, it has a special place in Vedic literature. Being mother of all Upanishads, it is called Isha Upanishad. Only a paranoid can explain why he or she thinks that Isha Upanishad cannot be part of Yajurveda.

Allegation 6: Swami Dayanand added an additional word “Gamyaat” in Yajurveda 9.20 while explaining the mantra. Hence Yajurveda is corrupted.

Agniveer:

1. Did Swami Dayanand add the word in the mantra? No. The word is found only in Hindi translation in some editions. Now Swami Dayanand used to dictate meaning in Sanskrit to his pundits who would then translate it in Hindi as well as transcribe what he said.

But even if he or his pundit added the word in explanation, then you should be thankful to him for attempting to simplify things instead of taking exceptions.

2. Even if Swami Dayanand added the word in the mantra, that does not make Yajurveda corrupted. It only means that Swami Dayanand made an error. When did Vedas or Agniveer or Swami Dayanand claim that humans are fully perfect?

Allegation 7: Arya Samaj translation of Vedas has an additional mantra at the end of Yajurveda Chapter 25. Hence Yajurveda is corrupted.

Agniveer:

1. So your anger is towards additional bonus that Arya Samaj translation gives you, if I understand properly. This means that you admit original Vedas to be a subset of existing Vedas with one less mantra. Hence there is no loss of information at least.

2. Now if we review this mantra, is it against rest of the Vedas in its message? If not, then what is the cause of concern. If you get one additional sentence in Einstein’s text on relativity that was written later by an editor but only emphasizes what Einstein says in rest of the paper, how is that a problem?

3. This is an objection only for those who think that if they mug up the book of divine and say a big sorry for all their misdeeds and laziness to Supreme Lord, they would easily get Heaven full of virgins. But for Vedic followers, there are no shortcuts to success. You have to practice what you learn in actions and keep exploring the truth within. And when you have liberated yourself from ignorance significantly, you would well have re-ignited the Vedas within. So one harmless mantra in one edition makes absolutely no difference. The only cause of concern could have been if the verse misled you, which it does not.

4. By the way, the 25th Chapter has only 47 mantras and that is accepted by one and all. Some publishers publish an additional mantra due to relevance of context. Perhaps someone inserted it years ago and then no printer bothered to or rather was not competent enough to scrutinize it. Please send us the name of the publisher and we shall write to him to correct the mistake. Or even you can write so referring to this article.

Allegation 8: Yajurveda 26.26 has a word ‘Ayohate’ which is used as ‘Apohate’ in Arya Samaj version. Hence Yajurveda is corrupted.

Agniveer:

1. This is a printing mistake. Real word is Ayohate (अयोहते). Now in Devanagri script, Ya (य) and Pa (प) appear almost similar. Such errors are found in several places in Vedas because the first time they were being printed, they were being typeset from hand-written manuscripts. However Pt Damodar Satvalekar did a great job of scrutinizing all published mantras with manuscripts and manuscripts with various Paatha methods to give to us extremely authentic editions of Rigveda.

2. But thankfully, the meaning does not change because that was based on actual word.

So yes, printed versions may have corruptions. But neither the original Vedas, nor the potential of humans to discover the Vedas from within and compare with those outside has been corrupted.

Allegation 9: Yajurveda 39.5 has a word “Vishyandane” which is used as “Vishpandane” in Arya Samaj version. Hence Yajurveda is corrupted.

Agniveer:

Refer previous allegation.

Allegation 10: Yajurveda 13.58 has a phrase “Lokam Taa Indram” that is missing in Arya Samaj version. Hence Yajurveda is corrupted.

Agniveer:

It does not matter whether this text is there or not. The meaning of the phrase is implied in overall meaning of the mantras continued from Chapter 12 itself up to this last mantra of Chapter 13. So for sake of completion of meaning you can put the phrase, and for sake of brevity you can skip it. A conservative approach would be to keep it. but if focus is to understand meaning alone, it can be skipped. We suggest having the phrase for sake of completeness.

Allegation 11: Samaveda has Kauthum and Jaimini branches having different number of verses as well as songs. Hence Samaveda is corrupted.

Agniveer:

We have already mentioned that Kauthum Rishi preserved the original Samaveda. Refer the previous discussion on branches.

Further, Samaveda songs make no sense for the disturbed mind. They represent the melodies that generate from within when one reaches a high level of enlightenment and exalted state. Jaimini branch offers more variety and you can experiment with them to find what melody touches you the most. However keep caution – avoid spicy food, meat, alcohol, anger, frustration, hatred etc, study other Vedas as well and practice meditation. Without foundation of this, you may be simply wasting your time.

Allegation 12: Atharvaveda 20.127.3 is different in different versions. Arya Samaj has word “Rishaye” and Gayatri Pariwar has word “Ishaya”. Hence Atharvaveda is corrupted.

Agniveer:

Again a case of printing mistake due to bad handwriting in Devanagri manuscript or error by typist. The correct word is ‘Ishaya’. Printing mistakes are not attributable to original texts.

Allegation 13: Shatpath Brahman 13.4.3.4-8 states that young men should listen to Atharvaveda and young ladies to Angirasaveda on consecutive days. Before that Rigveda and Yajurveda should be listened. This means that:

– There is no mention of Samaveda and hence Samaveda is not a Veda.

– Atharvaveda and Angirasveda are different. Rishi Angiras was 4th generation from Rishi Atharva.

Agniveer:

I shall not comment on what exactly this reference from Shatpath means. But even if we take it at face value:

1. Samaveda is not mentioned because Samaveda cannot be simply listened like other Vedas. Samaveda is all about emotions and meditation. Further, bulk of mantras in Samaveda are already in Rigveda. So there is no purpose of listening them again. However if the same mantras are meditated upon with emotions and sung, new revelations would come. But this is not in context of the ritual described. You need to separately practice this art.

2. Even if Rishi Angiras was born 4th generation from Rishi Atharva (I shall not comment on authenticity of this history), how does it matter? Names of Rishis depict their deeds and specializations and not the names in their Class X pass certificate. So a specialist in Atharvaveda can name himself Rishi Atharva. Similarly another Rishi can use synonym of Atharva ie Angiras and use as his name. This is similar to we using Agniveer as our name. Now just because we call ourselves Agniveer, it does not mean that we are the author of all the mantras in Vedas that have word ‘Agni’.

3. Refer http://agniveer.com/3937/who-wrote-vedas/ to understand authorship of Vedas as per available evidences and claims.

4. Atharvaveda and Angirasveda refer to same text. They are also called Chhanda in some places. Atharvaveda has the privilege of multiple names because it is an all-rounder. It adopts from Rik, Yajuh and Sama Vedas are brings forth their applied aspects. To there are multiple dimensions to it deserving multiple names.

But if this be the argument for Vedas being corrupted then Quran is perhaps the most corrupted text in the world. Because Quran is referred by a huge number of names in Quran itself. The word Quran was later adopted for the text by fighting followers long after death of the peace-loving founder. The founder never knew that this book would be called Quran. Quran is also referred by names reserved for Jewish and Christian texts in Quran itself! That is why some scholars conclude that original Quran refers to Bible or Old Testament or some unchangeable text which was existing ever prior to Testaments and was much bigger in size. This a matter of scholarly debate and we shall leave it to scholars.

But we believe that such frivolous means should not be adopted to claim corruption in any text. There should be something more substantial, reasonable and rational.

Final countdown

There are various versions of the article floating in cyberspace that allege corruption in Vedas. However all end with one single conclusion which we reproduce below:

“The above analysis proves beyond the shadow of a doubt that Vedas have suffered heavy interpolations and changes. Talking strictly, even if one accusation of the above analysis stands, the entire Vedic literature will be unacceptable as a genuine inspired document.”

Agniveer:

1. This exposes the motive of the author(s). They just want to throw 100 arrows blindly in the hope that at least one will hit the bull’s eye.

2. They term their assertions regarding Vedas as ‘accusations‘ that speaks volumes about their terrorism-inspired mindset. Truth-seeking is only a warfare for them. The author inspired by the Panchatantra monkey only wants the crown of the king. This also shows their desperation and insecurity complex arising out of the recent depletion of fanatic dominance over cyberspace and elsewhere as well.

3. Unfortunately none of the arrows came even close to hitting the dart-board. The reason is simple – they were hitting at completely opposite direction. And since earth is perhaps not round as per the scriptures they blindly believe in, there is no chance of the arrows even making a full circle to hit from the back! We hope next time, when they ‘accuse’ someone, they would do a more thorough and unbiased research. But that would demand rejection of company and idol-worship of fanatics.

4. To take this argument to an extreme, let us state something. Even if all the allegations…sorry ‘accusations’ stand, still that would NO WAY AFFECT the Vedic religion. This is because the very essence of Vedic religion is to not blindly and literally translate any text as recipe for life. Instead it is all about opening the minds and discovering the Vedas within. The amount of Vedas we know from available benevolent literature is sufficient for us to make a head-start. And as we progress is practice of accepting truth by rejecting falsehood without bringing ego, laziness, frustration, fear etc in picture, the Law of Karma would automatically ensure that we would get the right tools and texts that we need for further progress. And until we make ourselves eligible in this manner, the most immaculately preserved Vedas would also be nothing different from tonnes of books in the libraries that no one ever issued. So instead of raising frivolous paranoia about what we don’t even understand, all we have to do is to promise the following:

‘I promise to accept truth through a continuous process of rejecting falsehood every moment to best of my abilities in the most sincere manner.’

And let Law of Karma manage the rest.

Vedic texts are like Science textbooks for us and not a roadside Mantra-Tantra book that promises to help us getting job, marriage, money, destruction of enemy, mesmerism over lover, invisibility, control of Jinna and ghosts etc by blankly reciting certain mantras on microphone and moving some bones.

Sorry, if you think Vedas are akin to Jhaad Phoonk of Pagla Baba Banarasi, or Ajmer Sharif ka Jaadu, or Shahdara Wale Miyanji ke Totke or something similar, you are at a wrong place. Get these addresses from any Railway Station rather than daring to open the minds to think honestly. Or perhaps your own scripture might be a good replacement for these Babas and Miyans.

For rest of us, please understand what Vedic religion is all about by reviewing http://agniveer.com/series/universal-religion-for-all/ and firmly understand that even if someone proves us that Vedas have vanished in thin air, nothing is going to change. Vedas would still remain a genuine inspired document and Law of Karma would still work!

Don’t worry though! Vedas remain as preserved as they were always.

But yes, be wary of monkeys snatching away your crown! After all you are a king!

Brahmin Kings and History Of Hindustan


Bhagwan Parshuram

Image via Wikipedia

Deepak Parashar Royal Pandit posted in International Brahmin Sabha.

 

Kuch logo ka khans hai ke ak Pandit Royal kase ho sakta hai… M unko bata dana chata ho ke Deepak Parashar Ak Royal pandit hai.. kyoki M late Samrat Hamu Chandra Vikramaditya (1501-1556) ke ::parashar: vans se ho.

• bharat me 4 varan the
1- pandit
2- kashtarya jisme ke phale aarya the joki Bhagwan Parshuram ne mar diye the bad me ra…jput or thakur or pandit raja bane (hemu pandit tha jisne panipat ka 2 war lada tha and rani laxmi bhi) bane
3- vashye.. jisme hindu jaat, banya aate the…. jo vapar or kirshi karte the
4- suder… jisme nye, dhobi, tali, khati, chamar etc.. aate the….

pandit Kings in Indian History :-

Surya, King of Kalinga whose gotra was Kashyap.
Soma, King of area near Yamuna river whose gotra was Atreya.
Mangal, King of Avanti whose gotra was Atri.
Budha, King of Magadh whose gotra was Angiras.
Guru, King of Sindhu whose gotra was Bhargav.
Shukra, King of Bhojkot whose gotra was Kashyap.
Shani, King of Saurashtra whose gotra was Kashyap.
Rahu, King of Babar whose gotra was Maitrenis.
Ketu, King of Kalinga whose gotra was Jaimini.
Raja Dahir ,
pushyamitra shung,,
devbhuti,,
susharma,,
shimuk,
Poru who fought against Sikandar was also Brahmin, pushyabhuti shung was the 1st bhrman king of india,
dantidurg,
,vishbandan,
Peshwas ,
Kings of Sindh ,
Lakshmibai,
Kings of Bengal,
Sung dynasty ,
Kuber ; Lankesh.
Shivaji was Kaushik,
Lord Buddha was Gautam,
Achyutrai from Vijayanagar,
The Pallavas were an example of Brahmakshatriyas as that is what they killed themselves.
King lilitaditya was rules on Kashmir or central asia .
King Rudravarma of champa (vietnam) of 657 A.D.
King jayavarma one of the kambuja (Kampuchea) of 781 A.D
…Pushyamitra Sunga,
Vasudeva Kanva,
Satavahanas also brahmin Emperors,
Raja Harishchander ,
Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya whose gotra was Parashar,
Raja Birbal,
A raam mohan rai.
Raja Bhrat (Bharat)

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